Samuha, Samūha: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Samuha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samūha (समूह).—Aggregate, group or collection; one of the prominent senses in which the tad. affixes अण् (aṇ) and others are prescribed. These affixes are called सामूहिक (sāmūhika); e.g. काकम् (kākam) (काकानां समूहः (kākānāṃ samūhaḥ)); similarly भैक्षम्, राजकम्, कैदार्यम्, जनता, मायूरम्, पाश्या, रथ्या (bhaikṣam, rājakam, kaidāryam, janatā, māyūram, pāśyā, rathyā) etc. cf. P. IV. 2.37 to 51.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Samūha (समूह).—An eternal Viśvadeva (god concerned with offerings to the manes). (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 91, Verse 30).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Samūha (समूह) refers to a “mass” (e.g., ‘a mass of rays’), according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...]  You have a third form which is present (in the Transmission of) the Youth and ends with (that of) the Aged. [...] (This form of the goddess) breaks through the Wheels by means of (her) great mass of rays [i.e., mahāraśmi-samūha] that are to the side, above and below. Issuing forth from the Door of Brahmā, she has become one in the supreme, pure and unsupported Void. O Kubjeśī, you should be contemplated in this way residing in the Transmission of the Youth”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Samūha (समूह) refers to a “collection (of objects)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool, perceiving this multitude of objects [com.—padārtha-samūha—‘collection of objects’] that is continually transitory and you do not understand. This is a planet without any medicine”.

Synonyms: Jāta, Prasara, Saṃbhāra, Pracaya, Jāla, Paṭala.

2) Samūha (समूह) or Asthisamūha refers to an “assemblage (of bones)”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “Where is the body, which is filled with blood, flesh and fat, has a skeleton of slender bones [com.asthi-samūha—‘having an assemblage of bones’], is bound with tendons and is of bad odour, praised? Continually pouring forth putrid smells through [its] nine orifices, the human body is ever perishable [and] dependent on other [things]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samūha.—(EI 28; CII 4), an assembly; the assembly of a corporation. Note: samūha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samūha : (m.) multitude; a mass; aggregation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samūha, (fr. saṃ+vah, uh) multitude, mass, aggregation Nett 195; PvA. 49, 127, 157 (=gaṇa), 200 (id.). (Page 689)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samūha (समूह).—m S An assembly, collection, accumulation, aggregate generally; a multitude or number, or a mass or heap.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samūha (समूह).—m An assembly. A collection.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samūha (समूह).—

1) A multitude, collection, an assemblage, aggregate, number; जनसमूहः, विन्नसमूहः, पदसमूहः (janasamūhaḥ, vinnasamūhaḥ, padasamūhaḥ) &c.

2) A flock, troop.

Derivable forms: samūhaḥ (समूहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samūha (समूह).—m.

(-haḥ) Assemblage, aggregate in general, heap, number, multitude, quantity, &c. E. sam together, ūh to reason, or vah to bear, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samūha (समूह).—i. e. sam-ūh, or vah, + a, m. Assemblage, multitude, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 31; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samūha (समूह).—[masculine] heap, collection, multitude, aggregate, a whole or totality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samūha (समूह):—[=sam-ūha] [from sam-ūh] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a collection, assemblage, aggregate, heap, number, multitude, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] an association, corporation, community, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] sum, totality, essence, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a divine being (?), [Mahābhārata xiii, 4355]

5) Samūhā (समूहा):—[=sam-ūhā] [from sam-ūha > sam-ūh] f. ([scilicet] vṛtti) a [particular] mode of subsistence, [Baudhāyana-dharma-śāstra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samūha (समूह):—(haḥ) 1. m. Assemblage; number; quantity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samūha (समूह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samūha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samuha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samūha (समूह) [Also spelled samuh]:—(nm) a group; collection; aggregate, assemblage, multitude; community; ~[ta] en bloc, en masse; ~[na] aggregation, collection; ~[vācaka] indicative of community/aggregate; collective; •[saṃjñā] collective noun.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Samūha (समूह) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samūha.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samūha (ಸಮೂಹ):—

1) [noun] a collection; an assemblage; a crowd.

2) [noun] things piled up; a heap of things.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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