Samtosha, Saṃtoṣa, Santoṣā, Santoṣa, Santosha, Santosa: 22 definitions
Samtosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Saṃtoṣa and Santoṣā and Santoṣa can be transliterated into English as Samtosa or Samtosha or Santosa or Santosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Santosh.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Santoṣa (सन्तोष) refers to “gratifying”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Nandīśvara said to Gods: “O Viṣṇu, O Brahmā, O Indra, O gods and O sages, pay heed to my words gratifying to Śiva [i.e., śiva-santoṣa-kāraka]. If you persist still in your wish that Śiva shall marry, you shall eulogise with respect and piteous request. O gods, great lord cannot be made subservient by ordinary devotion. The supreme lord does even what shall not be done when moved by extraordinary devotion. O Brahmā, Viṣṇu and other gods, then act accordingly, otherwise go the way you have come. Tarry not”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—A son of Dakṣinā, and a Tuṣita god.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.
1b) A son of Tuṣṭi.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 34.
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) refers to one of the various limbs of Yoga, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the eleventh chapter contains the dialogue of Śiva and Skanda; the glories of the devotees of Śiva and the devotion to Śiva. The systems of Yoga along with its limbs Yama, Niyama, Ahiṃsā, Brahmacarya, Aparigraha, Svādhāya, Saṃtoṣa, Śauca, Prāṇāyāma and Samādhi are described while various kinds of impediments to the practice of Yoga and the means of overcoming them are explained in the thirteenth chapter.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Santoṣa (सन्तोष) refers to “positive contentment” and forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Students living with the teacher (Guru or Ācārya) led a life of self-control, abstinence, obedience and devotion and regulated their lives by adhering to yama (self-restraint) and niyama (five observances), that is, śauca — purity of body, mind, thought; santoṣa — positive contentment; tapas — austerity; svādhyāya — self-study, introspection; and īśvarapraṇidhāna — faith in and surrender to the gods.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) refers to one of the eight Heroes (vīra-aṣṭaka) associated with Tisrapīṭha (located in the ‘end of sound’—nādānta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Heroes (vīrāṣṭaka): Ṭaṅkadhārīśa, Koṭīśa, Sundara, Śaśāṅkin, Kṛtavāsa, Vasanta, Saṃtoṣa, Kusumāyudha
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I (yoga)
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) refers to one of the Eight tests of Yoga (Aṣṭaparīkṣā), according to the manuscript by Gorakhnāth, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—There are eight tests, each defined with four terms, hence the alternate titles. the ms. and the edition also differ slightly in the sequence of the eight ‘tests’ [e.g., saṃtoṣa]. The terms defining sahaja in the manuscript are those defining nirabala (or nivira) in edition. In edition the poem finishes with a verse stating that this ‘eight-fold Yoga test is a defining mark of bhakti’.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
India history and geographySource: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
Santoṣā (सन्तोषा) is the mother of Gaṅgādāsa (beg. of 16th century): the exponent on metrics who has contributed to Sanskrit prosody through his marvelous work Chandomañjarī, a short tract on the science of prosody. Gaṅgādāsa is the son of Gopāladāsa (a physician by profession) and Santoṣā. He also mentions about his preceptor namely Puruṣottama Bhaṭṭa, the author of Chandogovinda (another work on Chanda, which is lost to us) in the first chapter of Candomañjarī.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
santosa : (m.) joy; pleasure.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Santosa, (fr. saṃ+tuṣ) contentment DA. I, 204. (Page 677)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
santōṣa (संतोष).—m (S) Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, gratification. 2 Contentment. See yōgadharma. 3 Pleasantness or placidity (of aspect or deportment). Pr. rāga khāī āpaṇāsa santōṣa khāī dusaṛyāsa An important sentiment worthy of this repetition. See under rāga.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
santōṣa (संतोष).—m Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, contentment.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Satisfaction, contentment; संतोषमूलं हि सुखम् (saṃtoṣamūlaṃ hi sukham) Manusmṛti 4.12; संतोष एव पुरुषस्य परं निधानम् (saṃtoṣa eva puruṣasya paraṃ nidhānam) Subhāṣ.
2) Pleasure, delight, joy.
3) The thumb and fore-finger.
Derivable forms: saṃtoṣaḥ (संतोषः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣaḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, delight, satisfaction, happiness. 2. Thumb and fore-finger. E. sam intensitive prefix, tuṣ to be pleased, aff. ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—i. e. sam-tuṣ + a, m. 1. Contentedness, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 163; satisfaction; with kṛ, To be satisfied, [Pañcatantra] 136, 12; to be content, [Pañcatantra] 139, 17. 2. Joy. 3. Thumb and forefinger.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—[masculine] = saṃtuṣṭi (p. saṃtoṣavant & saṃtoṣin); [accusative] [with] kṛ be satisfied.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Saṃtoṣa (संतोष):—[=saṃ-toṣa] [from saṃ-tuṣ] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) satisfaction, contentedness with ([instrumental case] or [locative case]; ṣaṃ-√kṛ, ‘to be satisfied or contented’), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] Content (personified as a son of Dharma and Tuṣṭi and reckoned among the Tuṣitas q.v.), [Prabodha-candrodaya; Purāṇa]
3) Saṃtoṣā (संतोषा):—[=saṃ-toṣā] [from saṃ-toṣa > saṃ-tuṣ] f. Name of the mother of Gaṅgā-dāsa, [Catalogue(s)]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Santoṣa (सन्तोष):—[sa-ntoṣa] (ṣaḥ) 1. m. Joy, happiness; thumb and forefinger.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃtosa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) [Also spelled santosh]:—(nm) satisfaction, gratification; contentment; ~[janaka/prada] satisfactory; —[kaḍuā hai para phala mīṭhā] patience is bitter but its fruit sweet; —[parama dhana] a contented mind is a contented feast, contentment is more than a kingdom.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Saṃtosa (संतोस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃtoṣa.
2) Saṃtosa (संतोस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃtoṣa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Saṃtosa (ಸಂತೊಸ):—[noun] = ಸಂತೋಷ - [samtosha -] 1 & 2.
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1) [noun] happiness; joy.
2) [noun] the state of being satisfied; satisfaction.
3) [noun] (yoga.) the attitude of being satisfied with what one has or gets; the quality of not being greedy.
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Saṃtōsa (ಸಂತೋಸ):—[noun] = ಸಂತೋಷ - [samtosha -] 1 & 2.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Samtoshabadu, Samtoshabashpa, Samtoshacanda, Samtoshagolisu, Samtoshagollu, Samtoshagolu, Samtoshaka, Samtoshakara, Samtoshakuta, Samtoshambadisu, Samtoshambadu, Samtoshana, Samtoshanadi, Samtoshananda, Samtoshaniya, Samtoshaniyarupa, Samtoshapadisu, Samtoshapadu, Samtoshavant, Samtoshavat.
Full-text (+44): Santosa, Asantosha, Samtoshavant, Asamtosha, Tushti, Niyama, Asamtoshavat, Santoshi, Catupaccaya, Santoshanem, Surisamtosha, Susamtosha, Samayanandasamtosha, Shauca, Antila, Yama, Ashtaguna, Aicchika, Santosh, Gopaladasa.
Search found 44 books and stories containing Samtosha, Saṃtoṣa, Saṃtōsa, Santoṣā, Saṃtōṣa, Santoṣa, Saṃtosa, Santōsa, Santōṣa, Samtosa, Saṃtoṣā, Santosha, Santosa; (plurals include: Samtoshas, Saṃtoṣas, Saṃtōsas, Santoṣās, Saṃtōṣas, Santoṣas, Saṃtosas, Santōsas, Santōṣas, Samtosas, Saṃtoṣās, Santoshas, Santosas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.1.44 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study) (by Riddhi J. Shah)
Chapter 4.2b - Niyama (restraint of the mind) < [Chapter 4 - The Eight Yogadṛṣṭis and the nature of a Liberated Soul]
Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Srila Gurudeva (The Supreme Treasure) (by Swami Bhaktivedanta Madhava Maharaja)
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)