Samtosha, Saṃtoṣa, Santoṣā, Santoṣa, Santosha, Santosa: 22 definitions


Samtosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Saṃtoṣa and Santoṣā and Santoṣa can be transliterated into English as Samtosa or Samtosha or Santosa or Santosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Santosh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samtosha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Santoṣa (सन्तोष) refers to “gratifying”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Nandīśvara said to Gods: “O Viṣṇu, O Brahmā, O Indra, O gods and O sages, pay heed to my words gratifying to Śiva [i.e., śiva-santoṣa-kāraka]. If you persist still in your wish that Śiva shall marry, you shall eulogise with respect and piteous request. O gods, great lord cannot be made subservient by ordinary devotion. The supreme lord does even what shall not be done when moved by extraordinary devotion. O Brahmā, Viṣṇu and other gods, then act accordingly, otherwise go the way you have come. Tarry not”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—A son of Dakṣinā, and a Tuṣita god.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.

1b) A son of Tuṣṭi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 34.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) refers to one of the various limbs of Yoga, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the eleventh chapter contains the dialogue of Śiva and Skanda; the glories of the devotees of Śiva and the devotion to Śiva. The systems of Yoga along with its limbs Yama, Niyama, Ahiṃsā, Brahmacarya, Aparigraha, Svādhāya, Saṃtoṣa, Śauca, Prāṇāyāma and Samādhi are described while various kinds of impediments to the practice of Yoga and the means of overcoming them are explained in the thirteenth chapter.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Santoṣa (सन्तोष) refers to “positive contentment” and forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Students living with the teacher (Guru or Ācārya) led a life of self-control, abstinence, obedience and devotion and regulated their lives by adhering to yama (self-restraint) and niyama (five observances), that is, śauca — purity of body, mind, thought; santoṣa — positive contentment; tapas — austerity; svādhyāya — self-study, introspection; and īśvarapraṇidhāna — faith in and surrender to the gods.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) refers to one of the eight Heroes (vīra-aṣṭaka) associated with Tisrapīṭha (located in the ‘end of sound’—nādānta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Heroes (vīrāṣṭaka): Ṭaṅkadhārīśa, Koṭīśa, Sundara, Śaśāṅkin, Kṛtavāsa, Vasanta, Saṃtoṣa, Kusumāyudha

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samtosha in Yoga glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I (yoga)

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) refers to one of the Eight tests of Yoga (Aṣṭaparīkṣā), according to the manuscript by Gorakhnāth, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—There are eight tests, each defined with four terms, hence the alternate titles. the ms. and the edition also differ slightly in the sequence of the eight ‘tests’ [e.g., saṃtoṣa]. The terms defining sahaja in the manuscript are those defining nirabala (or nivira) in edition. In edition the poem finishes with a verse stating that this ‘eight-fold Yoga test is a defining mark of bhakti’.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Santoṣā (सन्तोषा) is the mother of Gaṅgādāsa (beg. of 16th century): the exponent on metrics who has contributed to Sanskrit prosody through his marvelous work Chandomañjarī, a short tract on the science of prosody. Gaṅgādāsa is the son of Gopāladāsa (a physician by profession) and Santoṣā. He also mentions about his preceptor namely Puruṣottama Bhaṭṭa, the author of Chandogovinda (another work on Chanda, which is lost to us) in the first chapter of Candomañjarī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samtosha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

santosa : (m.) joy; pleasure.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Santosa, (fr. saṃ+tuṣ) contentment DA. I, 204. (Page 677)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

santōṣa (संतोष).—m (S) Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, gratification. 2 Contentment. See yōgadharma. 3 Pleasantness or placidity (of aspect or deportment). Pr. rāga khāī āpaṇāsa santōṣa khāī dusaṛyāsa An important sentiment worthy of this repetition. See under rāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

santōṣa (संतोष).—m Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, contentment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—

1) Satisfaction, contentment; संतोषमूलं हि सुखम् (saṃtoṣamūlaṃ hi sukham) Manusmṛti 4.12; संतोष एव पुरुषस्य परं निधानम् (saṃtoṣa eva puruṣasya paraṃ nidhānam) Subhāṣ.

2) Pleasure, delight, joy.

3) The thumb and fore-finger.

Derivable forms: saṃtoṣaḥ (संतोषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santoṣa (सन्तोष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, delight, satisfaction, happiness. 2. Thumb and fore-finger. E. sam intensitive prefix, tuṣ to be pleased, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—i. e. sam-tuṣ + a, m. 1. Contentedness, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 163; satisfaction; with kṛ, To be satisfied, [Pañcatantra] 136, 12; to be content, [Pañcatantra] 139, 17. 2. Joy. 3. Thumb and forefinger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष).—[masculine] = saṃtuṣṭi (p. saṃtoṣavant & saṃtoṣin); [accusative] [with] kṛ be satisfied.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃtoṣa (संतोष):—[=saṃ-toṣa] [from saṃ-tuṣ] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) satisfaction, contentedness with ([instrumental case] or [locative case]; ṣaṃ-√kṛ, ‘to be satisfied or contented’), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Content (personified as a son of Dharma and Tuṣṭi and reckoned among the Tuṣitas q.v.), [Prabodha-candrodaya; Purāṇa]

3) Saṃtoṣā (संतोषा):—[=saṃ-toṣā] [from saṃ-toṣa > saṃ-tuṣ] f. Name of the mother of Gaṅgā-dāsa, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santoṣa (सन्तोष):—[sa-ntoṣa] (ṣaḥ) 1. m. Joy, happiness; thumb and forefinger.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃtosa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samtosha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samtosha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃtoṣa (संतोष) [Also spelled santosh]:—(nm) satisfaction, gratification; contentment; ~[janaka/prada] satisfactory; —[kaḍuā hai para phala mīṭhā] patience is bitter but its fruit sweet; —[parama dhana] a contented mind is a contented feast, contentment is more than a kingdom.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Saṃtosa (संतोस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃtoṣa.

2) Saṃtosa (संतोस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Saṃtoṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃtosa (ಸಂತೊಸ):—[noun] = ಸಂತೋಷ - [samtosha -] 1 & 2.

--- OR ---

Saṃtōṣa (ಸಂತೋಷ):—

1) [noun] happiness; joy.

2) [noun] the state of being satisfied; satisfaction.

3) [noun] (yoga.) the attitude of being satisfied with what one has or gets; the quality of not being greedy.

--- OR ---

Saṃtōsa (ಸಂತೋಸ):—[noun] = ಸಂತೋಷ - [samtosha -] 1 & 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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