Samskriti, Saṃskṛti: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Samskriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saṃskṛti can be transliterated into English as Samskrti or Samskriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sanskrati.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Samskriti in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Saṃskṛti (संस्कृति) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samskriti in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃskṛti (संस्कृति).—f Refinement, Civilisation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samskriti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃskṛti (संस्कृति).—

1) = संस्कार (saṃskāra).

2) Preparation.

3) Perfection.

4) Determination.

5) (Modern usage) Civilization, culture.

Derivable forms: saṃskṛtiḥ (संस्कृतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃskṛti (संस्कृति).—[feminine] = seq. + consecration, initiation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃskṛti (संस्कृति):—[=saṃ-skṛti] [from saṃs-kṛ] f. making ready, preparation, perfection, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] formation, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] hallowing, consecration, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] determination, effort, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] saṃ-skṛta)

6) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] saṃ-kṛti).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃskṛti (संस्कृति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkhaḍi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samskriti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samskriti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃskṛti (संस्कृति) [Also spelled sanskrati]:—(nf) culture; ~[hīna] uncultured, having no culture.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samskriti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃskṛti (ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ):—

1) [noun] development, improvement or refinement of the intellect, emotions, interests, manners, and taste; culture.

2) [noun] the result of this, as reflcted in one’s way of thinking, talking, behaviour, etc.; cultural refinement; refinement of thought and cultural appreciation; culture.

3) [noun] an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached; civilisation.

4) [noun] those people or nations that have reached such a state; a civilisation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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