Samshrava, Saṃśrava, Saṃsrava, Saṃsrāva: 10 definitions


Samshrava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saṃśrava can be transliterated into English as Samsrava or Samshrava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Saṃśrāva (संश्राव) refers to “hearing (a sound)”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] [The officiant] should carefully prognosticate the extraneous thing [underground] by observing [a creature] step over a cord, seeing [an auspicious or inauspicious thing], announcing a [creature’s] name, or hearing [an auspicious or inauspicious sound] (śabda-saṃśrāva). If [a creature] steps over [a cord] or is seen, or if one [hears] a cry of [a creature] or announce a [creature’s] name, then [the officiant] should prognosticate the extraneous thing [related to] that creature according to the stepping over and other [omens]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samshrava in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃsrava (संस्रव) refers to the “remains of libation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] At the behest of the Brahmins, Śiva applied Red powder on the head of Pārvatī. The lustre of Pārvatī at that time was beyond description and very wondrous. Thereafter at the bidding of the Brahmins both sat on the same cushion and attained such a lustre as accentuated joy in the hearts of the devotees. O sage, then they returned to their apartment and, at my behest performed the rite of Saṃsrava Prāśana, of wonderful sportive nature that they were. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samshrava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃśrava (संश्रव).—

1) Hearing attentively; असंश्रवे चैव गुरोर्न किंचिदपि कीर्तयेत् (asaṃśrave caiva gurorna kiṃcidapi kīrtayet) Manusmṛti 2.33.

2) A promise, an agreement, engagement; पापं कृत्वेव किमिदं मम संश्रुत्य संश्रवम् (pāpaṃ kṛtveva kimidaṃ mama saṃśrutya saṃśravam) Rām.2.14.2.

Derivable forms: saṃśravaḥ (संश्रवः).

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Saṃsrava (संस्रव) or Saṃsrāva (संस्राव).—

1) Flowing, trickling, oozing; खड्गशक्तिधनुर्ग्राहा नद्यः शोणितसंस्रवाः (khaḍgaśaktidhanurgrāhā nadyaḥ śoṇitasaṃsravāḥ) Rām.7.11.6.

2) A stream.

3) The remains of a libation; हुत्वा मन्थे संस्रवमवनयति (hutvā manthe saṃsravamavanayati) Bṛ. Up.6.3.2.

4) A kind of offering or libation.

Derivable forms: saṃsravaḥ (संस्रवः), saṃsrāvaḥ (संस्रावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃśrava (संश्रव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Promise, assent, agreement. 2. Hearing attentively. E. sam, and śru to hear, aff. ap .

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Saṃśrāva (संश्राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Sprinkling, aspersion, pouring out. E. sam, śru to ooze, causal v., ghañ aff.

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Saṃsrāva (संस्राव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Flowing, oozing. E. sru to go, with sam prefix and ṇa aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃśrava (संश्रव).—i. e. sam-śru + a, m. 1. Hearing, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 48, 17. 2. Agreement. 3. Promise.

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Saṃsrāva (संस्राव).—i. e. sam-sru + a, m. Flowing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃśrava (संश्रव).—[masculine] ṇa [neuter] hearing, [locative] within hearing.

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Saṃsrava (संस्रव).—[masculine] flowing together, conflux, flood; dregs, remains.

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Saṃsrāva (संस्राव).—[masculine] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃśrāva (संश्राव):—[=saṃ-śrāva] a etc. See saṃ-srāva.

2) Saṃśrava (संश्रव):—[=saṃ-śrava] [from saṃ-śru] m. hearing, listening ([locative case], ‘within hearing’), [Mahābhārata; Mālatīmādhava]

3) [v.s. ...] assent, promise, agreement, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. audible (See vidūra-saṃśrava).

5) Saṃśrāva (संश्राव):—[=saṃ-śrāva] [from saṃ-śru] b m. (ifc.) hearing, listening to, [Kauśika-sūtra]

6) Saṃsrava (संस्रव):—[=saṃ-srava] [from saṃ-sru] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) flowing together, conflux, [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] that which flows together, ([especially]) this blended remainder of liquids, [Ṛg-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

8) [v.s. ...] flowing water, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] any remainder, remains, a chip or piece of anything, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of offering or libation, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

11) Saṃsrāva (संस्राव):—[=saṃ-srāva] [from saṃ-sru] m. flowing together, conflux, [Atharva-veda]

12) [v.s. ...] accumulation of matter etc., [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] the remainder of any liquid, dregs, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

14) [v.s. ...] a kind of offering or libation, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃśrava (संश्रव):—[saṃ-śrava] (vaḥ) 1. m. Promise, agreement.

2) Saṃśrāva (संश्राव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Sprinkling.

3) Saṃsrāva (संस्राव):—[saṃ-srāva] (vaḥ) 1. m. Flowing.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samshrava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samshrava in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃśrava (ಸಂಶ್ರವ):—

1) [noun] a hearing attentively; the act of listening carefully.

2) [noun] a solemn promise or pledge dedicating oneself to an act, service or way of life; a vow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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