Samsarga, Saṃsarga: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Samsarga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sansarg.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—Syntactical connection between words which is necessary for the comprehension of the meaning of a sentence.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग, “connection”) refers to the “mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna) by connection (saṃsarga)”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—When they consider the body at the head of the list, the dharmas of the Path [other than prajñā], coming from causes and conditions, impure or pure, are mindfulness of the body.—When they consider feelings, the mind or dharmas as head of the list, the dharmas of the Path [other than prajñā], coming from causes and conditions, impure or pure, are mindfulness of feelings, mind or dharmas [respectively]. This is mindfulness by connection (saṃsarga).

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग) refers to “crowds of people”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (199) Being mingled with materialists, praising themselves, disparaging noble ones, they will be ignorant and arrogant. (200) Giving up to stay in the wilderness, always taking pleasure among the crowds of people (saṃsarga), practicing worldly incantations, they will be attached to [the view] that there is a permanent substance. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग) refers to “connections” (with children, etc.), according to the commentary on the 11th century Jñānārṇava (verse 2.1), a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments (com.—putrādisaṃsargaiḥ—‘connections with children, etc.’)? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—m S Contact, contiguity, junction, proximity, concomitancy; the going or the being with or together. 2 Intercourse, intercommunication, maintenance of dealing or acquaintance with.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—m Contact, junction. Intercourse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—1 Commixture, junction, union.

2) Contact, company, association, society; न संसर्गं व्रजेत् सद्भिः प्राय- श्चित्तेऽकृते द्विजः (na saṃsargaṃ vrajet sadbhiḥ prāya- ścitte'kṛte dvijaḥ) Manusmṛti 11.47; संसर्गमुक्तिः खलेषु (saṃsargamuktiḥ khaleṣu) Bhartṛhari 2.62; Ś.1.3. Proximity, touch.

4) Intercourse, familiarity.

5) Copulation, sexual union; नानागन्धर्वमिथुनैः पानसंसर्गकर्कशैः (nānāgandharvamithunaiḥ pānasaṃsargakarkaśaiḥ) Rām.4.67.45; प्रत्याहारेण संसर्गान् ध्यानेनानी- श्वरान् गुणान् (pratyāhāreṇa saṃsargān dhyānenānī- śvarān guṇān) Manusmṛti 6.72.

6) Co-existence, intimate relation.

7) Confusion.

8) A particular conjunction of celestial bodies.

9) A particular combination of two humours which produces diseases.

1) Point of intersection.

11) Duration; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.

Derivable forms: saṃsargaḥ (संसर्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. Union, proximity, approximation, contact. 2. Acquaintance, familiarity, intercourse. 3. Co-existence, (in logic.) 4. Sensual attachment. E. sam with, sṛj to go, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—i. e. sam-sṛj + a, m. 1. Mixture, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 5, M.M. 2. Touching, contact, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 3; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 280. 3. Union, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 41, M. M. 4. Acquaintance, familiarity, intercourse, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 234; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 196, 3. 5. Sensual attachment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 72.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग).—[adjective] mixing, running together. [masculine] mixture, union, connection, contact with ([genetive], [instrumental], or —°); attachment, [especially] to external objects, sensuality; dealing or intercourse (also sexual) with ([genetive], [instrumental] ±saha, [locative], or —°); participation (adj. —° having partaken of); living together, association, community of goods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃsarga (संसर्ग):—[=saṃ-sarga] a saṃ-sarjana etc. See saṃ-√sṛj, [column]3.

2) [=saṃ-sarga] [from saṃ-sṛj] b mfn. commingling, combining (intr.), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) mixture or union together, commixture, blending, conjunction, connection, contact, association, society, sexual union, intercourse with ([genitive case] [instrumental case] with and without saha [locative case], or [compound]), [???; Prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. confusion, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra; Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] indulging in, partaking of ([compound]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] sensual attachment, [Manu-smṛti vi, 72]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] conjunction of celestial bodies, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

8) [v.s. ...] a [particular] combination of two humours which produces diseases (cf. saṃ-nipāta), [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] community of goods, [Dāyabhāga]

10) [v.s. ...] duration, [Mahābhārata iii, 11, 238]

11) [v.s. ...] point of intersection, [Śulba-sūtra]

12) [v.s. ...] acquaintance, familiarity, [Horace H. Wilson]

13) [v.s. ...] co-existence (= samavāya), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग):—[saṃ-sarga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. Union, contact; familiarity; copulation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃsagga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samsarga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samsarga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃsarga (संसर्ग) [Also spelled sansarg]:—(nm) intercourse; association, commingling; contact; contagion; connection; conjunction; ~[ja, ~jāta] contagious, born through contact/contagion; -[doṣa] evil consequence of association (with evil); misophobia; -[rodha] quarantine.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃsarga (ಸಂಸರ್ಗ):—

1) [noun] a mixture of union; a commixture.

2) [noun] transactions or relations; mutual dealings.

3) [noun] the state or fact of being in touch, communication or association; contact.

4) [noun] the physical contact of a man and a woman (made for purpose of sexual intercourse); copulation.

5) [noun] (gen.) the act or state of touching (something) physically.

6) [noun] the state or quality of being similar; resemblance or likeness; similarity.

7) [noun] (gram.) the relation that exists among the words of a sentence.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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