Samprapya, Samprāpya, Sam-prapya: 4 definitions


Samprapya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samprapya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Samprāpya (सम्प्राप्य) refers to “joining” (a particular tradition), according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “After this, O Śivā, hear the exposition of the Kula Conduct. After he has joined (samprāpya) the tradition of the Siddhas, he should worship his guru as divine. The Yogin who is engaged in the worship of his guru can obtain the highest Power (siddhi). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samprapya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Samprāpya (सम्प्राप्य) refers to “having obtained (happiness—the highest state)”, according to the Yogabīja 150cd-151.—Accordingly: “Then, O goddess, when the union [of the individual self with the supreme self] has been accomplished, the mind dissolves. The breath becomes steady upon the arising of union in absorption (i.e., Layayoga). Because of the absorption, [transcendental] happiness, the highest state, whose bliss is of one's own self, is obtained (samprāpya)”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samprapya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃprāpya (संप्राप्य) refers to “having received” (a very beautiful wife), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.14 (“The birth of Jalandhara and his marriage”).—Accordingly, as Vṛndā was married to Jalandhara: “[...] Kālanemi and other Asuras were pleased after giving the daughter in marriage to the son of the ocean. In order to defeat the gods they resorted to him. The heroic son of the ocean, Jalandhara, foremost among the Asura warriors, received (saṃprāpya) a very beautiful lady as his wife and he ruled over the kingdom with the support of Śukra”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samprapya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samprāpya (सम्प्राप्य):—[=sam-prāpya] [from sam-prāpta > sam-prānta] mfn. to be fully attained to, attainable, obtainable, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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