Sampradana, Sampradāna, Saṃpradāna: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sampradana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Sampradana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: archive.org: The Garuda puranam (grammar)

Sampradāna (सम्प्रदान) in grammer refers to the “dative case”.—Dative case-endings are added to persons to which something is intended to be given, or to which something is owed, or to whom something appears likeable or delectable. “Em,” “Bhyam,” and “Bhyas” are respectively the singular dual and plural inflexional forms of Sampradānam

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃpradāna (संप्रदान).—A karaka relation or a relation between a noun and the verbal activity with which it is connected, of the type of the donation and the donee; the word is technically used in connection with the bearer of such a relation; cf. कर्मणा यमभिप्रैति स संप्रदानम् (karmaṇā yamabhipraiti sa saṃpradānam) P. I.4.32.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sampradāna (सम्प्रदान) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “sampradāna as in the ākṣipta, constituted with kalās of four notes, alternating with kalās of three notes in which, alternate notes are included”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sampradana in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Saṃpradāna (संप्रदान) refers to the “recipient of a gift” (dānapātra), and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.125; 11.4.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sampradana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sampradāna (संप्रदान).—n S In grammar. The power or sense of the dative case,--giving to, or doing for, making over to, or laying at, with, to the account of: also the dative case. Ex. brāhmaṇālā gāya dilhī; mulāsāṭhīṃ raḍatōṃ. Here brāhmaṇa & mūla are in the dative case.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sampradāna (संप्रदान).—n (In grammer.) The sense of the dative case-giving to, &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sampradana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃpradāna (संप्रदान).—

1) Giving or handing over completely.

2) Bestowal; gift, donation; दीयतां संप्रदानं च परिष्यज्य च वानरान् (dīyatāṃ saṃpradānaṃ ca pariṣyajya ca vānarān) Rām.4.11.34.

3) Giving in marriage.

4) The sense expressed by the dative case; कर्मणा यमभिप्रैति स संप्रदानम् (karmaṇā yamabhipraiti sa saṃpradānam) P.I.4.32.

5) The recipient of a gift; स्तुत्यस्तु कल्पविटपी फलसंप्रदानं कुर्वन् स एष विबुधान् (stutyastu kalpaviṭapī phalasaṃpradānaṃ kurvan sa eṣa vibudhān) N.11.125.

Derivable forms: saṃpradānam (संप्रदानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sampradāna (सम्प्रदान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Gift, donation. 2. The act of giving or handing over completely. 3. Bestowing in marriage. 4. The idea expressed by the fourth case, the dative case, (in grammar.) E. sam and pra before to give, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃpradāna (संप्रदान).—i. e. sam-pra -dā + ana, n. 1. Giving, gift, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 108. 2. Bestowing in marriage, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 152.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃpradāna (संप्रदान).—[neuter] giving, presenting, handing over, tradition, bestowal, gift, oblation; the recipient ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sampradāna (सम्प्रदान):—[=sam-pradāna] [from sampra-dā] n. the act of giving or handing over completely, presenting, bestowing (also in marriage), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] handing down by tradition, imparting, teaching, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

3) [v.s. ...] granting, allowing, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a gift, present, donation, [Kauṣītaki-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) one of the six Kārakas, the idea expressed by the dative case, the recipient to which the agent causes anything so be given (See 1. kāraka), [Pāṇini 1-4, 32; 44 etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sampradāna (सम्प्रदान):—[sa-mpradāna] (naṃ) 1. n. A gift; dative case.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃpradāna (संप्रदान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṃpadāvaṇa, Saṃpayāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sampradana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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