Samkula, Saṃkula: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Samkula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sankul.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃkula (संकुल) refers to a “congregation”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “May they, whom I have recollected and are satisfied, accept the vessel of the bali. [...] O god, the bali has been offered to the Yoginīs in the congregation of (Bhairava’s) host [i.e., gaṇa-saṃkula] of the eight sacred seats beginning with Oṃkāra and in the secondary seats and to those born of the sacred fields and in the secondary fields and, O lord of the gods, in the gatherings (that take place) in the primary and secondary doors on the surface of the earth and underground in the Egg of Brahmā, and within all the other places”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃkula (संकुल) means “full of”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“Saying so, Viṣṇu and the other gods, full of loving devotion [i.e., preman-saṃkula] remained waiting silently and humbly. Śivā too was delighted on hearing the eulogy of the gods and ascertaining the course of the same after remembering her lord Śiva, the compassionate Umā addressed smilingly the gods, chief of whom was Viṣṇu. The Goddess, favourably disposed to her devotees, said:—[...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल).—a.

1) Confused.

2) Thronged with, crowded or filled with, full of; नक्षत्रताराग्रहसंकुलापि ज्योतिष्मती चन्द्रमसैव रात्रिः (nakṣatratārāgrahasaṃkulāpi jyotiṣmatī candramasaiva rātriḥ) R.6.22; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.2.

3) Disordered, perplexed; अन्योन्यप्रतिघातसंकुलचलत्कल्लोलकोलाहलैः (anyonyapratighātasaṃkulacalatkallolakolāhalaiḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.3.

4) Inconsistent.

5) Thick, dence (as smoke).

5) Violent, intense.

-lam 1 A crowd, mob, throng, collection, swarm, flock; महतः पौरजनस्य संकुलेन विघटितायां तस्यामागतोऽस्मि (mahataḥ paurajanasya saṃkulena vighaṭitāyāṃ tasyāmāgato'smi) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.7.

2) A confused fight, melee; तस्मिंस्तथा संकुले वर्तमाने (tasmiṃstathā saṃkule vartamāne) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.134.22.

3) An inconsistent or contradictory speech; e. g. यावज्जीवमहं मौनी ब्रह्मचारी च मे पिता । माता तु मम वन्ध्यैव पुत्रहीनः पितामहः (yāvajjīvamahaṃ maunī brahmacārī ca me pitā | mātā tu mama vandhyaiva putrahīnaḥ pitāmahaḥ) ||.

4) Distress, destruction (nāśa); प्राविशत् संकुलं तत्र शलभा इव पावकम् (prāviśat saṃkulaṃ tatra śalabhā iva pāvakam) Rām.7.19.16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल).— (cf. kula), adj., f. , 1. Crowded, [Pañcatantra] 43, 4. 2. Filled with, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 14; full, 1, 9, 41. 3. Mixed, [Nala] 13, 13. 4. Perplexed, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 107. 5. n. Throng, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 19, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल).—[adjective] full of, swarming with, accompanied by, rich in ([instrumental] or —°); thick, dense, intensive; confused, distressed. [neuter] throng, pressure, pain, distress.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Saṃkula (संकुल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 94.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkula (संकुल):—[=saṃ-kula] mf(ā)n. (cf. ā-kula) crowded together, filled or thronged or mixed or mingled or affected with, abounding in, possessed of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] thick, dense (as smoke), [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] violent, intense (-kaluṣa mfn. ‘intensely turbid’), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] disordered, disturbed, confused, perplexed, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] impeded, hindered by ([instrumental case]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a crowd, throng, mob, [Mālatīmādhava]

8) [v.s. ...] a confused fight, battle, war, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] trouble, distress, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] inconsistent or contradictory speech, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

[Sanskrit to German]

Samkula in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samkula in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃkula (संकुल) [Also spelled sankul]:—(a) crowded; congested; confused, chaotic; ~[] crowdedness, congestion.

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