Samjiva, Saṃjīva, Saṃjiva: 7 definitions


Samjiva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃjiva (संजिव) refers to one of the eight great hells according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—Accordingly, “in the great Saṃjiva hell, the damned fight one another; aggressive and pugnacious, they wield sharp knives and slash one another; they are pierced with lances and skewered with iron forks; they are struck with iron bars; they are struck with iron rods; they are thrashed by iron shovels and slashed with sharp knives; they are torn apart with iron claws; they are all covered in blood. Broken by these torments, they lose consciousness but, as a result of their previous actions, cold wind blows on them and, when the guards call them, they come back to life: this is why this hell is called Saṃjiva”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Saṃjīva (संजीव) refers to the “reviving hell” and represents one of the “eight hot hells” (uṣṇa-naraka) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 121). It can also be spelled as Sañjīva. The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., saṃjīva). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃjīva (संजीव).—m. (nt. Mahāvastu i.16.8 according to Senart, but probably corrupt, see P. Mus, La Lumière des six voies, 107, 111 f.; m. i.17.6), name of a (hot) hell: attempt at [etymology] explanation of name, Mahāvastu i.17.6, see Mus, l.c. (orig. coming to life again); others, Mahāvastu i.5.3; 9.8 = iii.454.7; i.10.9 = iii.455.3; i.337.5; ii.350.8 = iii.274.10; Mahāvyutpatti 4920; Dharmasaṃgraha 121; Divyāvadāna 67.21; 138.6; 366.28; 568.11; Avadāna-śataka i.4.8; 10.8, etc.; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 115.1; 635.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃjīva (संजीव).—i. e. sam-jīv + a, adj. Living, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 26, 5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃjīva (संजीव).—[adjective] & [masculine] reviving (tr. & [intransitive]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃjīva (संजीव):—[=saṃ-jīva] [from saṃ-jīv] mf(ā)n. living together, living, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] making alive, vivifying, [Atharva-veda; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. the act of reviving, revival (See [compound])

4) [v.s. ...] a particular hell, [Divyāvadāna]

[Sanskrit to German]

Samjiva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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