Samjanati, Saṃjānāti: 1 definition


Samjanati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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[«previous next»] — Samjanati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃjānāti (संजानाति) or Saṃjānīte.—pass. (or denom. to saṃjñā, name?) saṃjñāyate; caus. saṃjñapayati, saṃjñāp° (all mgs. seem to occur for Pali saṃjānāti, °nati, pass. saññāyati, Childers; nearest recorded Sanskrit seems to be saṃjajñe, knew, understood, once in Rām., [Boehtlingk and Roth] jñā with sam, 7), (1) knows (well): (icchāmy etaṃ yasya dātavyaṃ yataś ca) grahīta- vyaṃ yac ca nidhātavyaṃ bhavet, sarvaṃ saṃjānīyāḥ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 107.12, I want that you should know about all this, to whom anything is to be given, from whom received, and what is to be stored; similarly saṃjānīyād 108.2; Tibetan for saṃ- jānīyāḥ, khyod kyis śes par (ḥdod do = icchāmi), that you should know; so for °yād, mchis par ḥtshal la; similarly jānāti in 108.12 = śes so; all these wrongly rendered in [Boehtlingk and Roth]; (2) knows = recognizes, or becomes aware of: te pi anyam-anyaṃ saṃjānetsuḥ, anye pi kila iha bho sattvā upapannā Mahāvastu i.230.3, repeated 240.13, iii.334.11, 341.15; same passage, anyonyam evaṃ saṃjānanti Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 163.12; °nante Lalitavistara 51.16, 410.20; (3) holds, considers, especially falsely (compare saṃjñā, saṃjñin): loka evaṃ saṃjānīte Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 316.2 (erroneous views are then stated); yad andhakāraṃ tat prakāśam iti saṃjānīṣe, yac ca prakāśaṃ tad andhakāram iti °nīṣe Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 135.4—5; (4) act., mid., names, calls, and pass. is called, is named: iti caike saṃjānanti (sc. mām) Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 192.16; 193.3; māṃ janāḥ saṃjānanta udakacandra ivā- praviṣṭanirgatam 193.5; sarvatra ca śrāvaka iti saṃjñā- yate sma Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 200.13, and in all (previous existences) he has been called ‘Disciple’ (of various Buddhas); adyāpi ca tāni ṛṣipadāny eva saṃjñāyante Lalitavistara 18.19, and even today they are still called ‘the sage's traces’; (adyāpi tat pāṃśukūla- sīvanam) ity evaṃ saṃjñāyate sma Lalitavistara 267.8; (5) caus., [Page551-b+ 71] makes known, declares: tena (sa) yācanakaś (…) °jña- payitavyaḥ Śikṣāsamuccaya 20.4—5, 9, he must declare to the suitor; (rājā Padumāvatīṃ…bahuprakāraṃ) °jñāpeti Mahāvastu iii. 167.14 (followed by direct quotation), announced(?), or, perhaps better, appeased, conciliated (as in Sanskrit).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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