Samhartri, Saṃhartṛ, Saṃhartrī: 6 definitions


Samhartri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saṃhartṛ can be transliterated into English as Samhartr or Samhartri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samhartri in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saṃhartṛ (संहर्तृ) refers to the “destroyer”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 2.22cd-28ab]—“[...] That is supreme strength, that is supreme amṛt. The highest of splendors is highest light of light. The divine Lord is the supreme cause of all the world. The creator, supporter, and destroyer (saṃhartṛsaṃhartā) are not as strong as this. This receptacle of mantras is the word of all perfections and characteristics [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samhartri in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Saṃhartrī (संहर्त्री) refers to “that which quells (all sins)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.29 (“Śivā-Śiva dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Brāhma narrated to Nārada: “O celestial sage, let this be listened to. I shall resume the story joyfully, the story that quells (saṃhartrī) all sins and increases devotion to Śiva. O brahmin, on hearing the words of Śiva, the great Soul and on seeing His pleasant form and features Pārvatī was delighted much. The highly chaste lady, goddess Pārvatī replied to the lord standing near with great pleasure and face beaming with love”.

2) Saṃhartṛ (संहर्तृ) refers to the “world-destroyer”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.33 (“The appeasement of Himavat”).—Accordingly, the Seven Sages said to Himavat (Himācala): “O lord of the mountains, may our words, the cause of everything auspicious, be heard. Give Pārvatī to Śiva. Become the father-in-law of the world-destroyer (saṃhartṛ). For the destruction of Tāraka, formerly Brahmā requested Śiva who is the lord of all and who does not beg of any one, to strive for this alliance. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samhartri in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃhartṛ (संहर्तृ).—m. A destroyer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃhartṛ (संहर्तृ).—i. e. sam-hṛ + tṛ, m., f. trī, and n. A destroyer, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 145.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃhartṛ (संहर्तृ).—[masculine] destroyer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃhartṛ (संहर्तृ):—[=saṃ-hartṛ] [from saṃ-hartavya > saṃ-hṛ] mfn. one who draws together or contracts, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] one who destroys, a destroyer, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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