Samavaya, Samavāya, Samāvaya, Samāvāya: 23 definitions


Samavaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samvay.

In Hinduism

Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Samavāya (समवाय, “inherence”) is one of the seven accepted categories of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Source: Wikipedia: Vaisheshika

Samavāya (समवाय, “inherence”): Kaṇāda defined samavāya as the relation between the cause and the effect (according to the Vaiśeṣika school). Praśastapāda defined it as the relationship existing between the substances that are inseparable, standing to one another in the relation of the container and the contained. The relation of samavāya is not perceivable but only inferable from the inseparable connection of the substances.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Samavāya (समवाय, “inherence”):—One of the six padārtha (or ‘basic categories’) which should be known to every Physician if he wants to understand the science of life.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Samavāya (समवाय) is the constant relation of inherence as exists between dravya and guṇa-karma. Dravya cannot remain without these after a moment of its emergence.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Samavāya (समवाय):—[samavāyaḥ] Coexistance / concomitant relation; the eternal and inseparable relationship which subsist between earth and other proto-element and their qualities.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Samavāya (समवाय).—(I) combination as contrasted with व्यवाय (vyavāya) disjunction or separation; (2) the enumeration of the letters of the alphabet in a particular order so as to facilitate their combination, technically termed प्रत्याहार (pratyāhāra); cf. वृतिसमवायार्थ उपदेशः । का पुनर्वृत्तिः । शास्त्रप्रवृत्तिः । अथ कः समवायः । वर्णानामानुपूर्व्येण संनिवेशः । (vṛtisamavāyārtha upadeśaḥ | kā punarvṛttiḥ | śāstrapravṛttiḥ | atha kaḥ samavāyaḥ | varṇānāmānupūrvyeṇa saṃniveśaḥ |) M. Bh. Ahnika । (|) Vart. 15. cf. also समवायो वर्णगतः क्रमविशेषः । (samavāyo varṇagataḥ kramaviśeṣaḥ |) Uddyota on the Bhasya mentioned above; (3) contact; cf रक्तै रागः समवाये स्वराणाम् (raktai rāgaḥ samavāye svarāṇām) R. Pr. XIV.24.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samavaya in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Samavāya (समवाय, “inherence”) refers to one of the six divisions of Sannikarṣa (“sense object contact”), according to the 17th century Tarkasaṃgraha. The ordinary perception (laukika),  one of the two types of pratyakṣa (perception), is caused by ordinary sannikarṣa or sense object contact. Inherent union (samavāya) is the contact in the perception of word by the organ of hearing as the organ of hearing is the ether in the cavity of the ear in as much as sound is the quality of ether and the quality and the qualified are inherently united.

Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Samavāya (समवाय) refers to “inherence (of the whole in its parts)”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī 1.181.—Accordingly, “As for the additional arguments refuting [the existence of the external object], they are: the impossibility of the existence of a whole (avayavin) [in its parts]; the fact that the inherence (samavāya) [of the whole in its parts] is not established; the fact that the [external object must] possess some contradictory properties, such as movement and the absence of movement, being covered and being uncovered, being colored and being colourless, being differentiated into parts according to [the six] directions (digbhāgabheda), etc.”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samavaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samavāya : (m.) combination; coming together.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samavāya, (m.) coming together, combination S. IV, 68; Miln. 376; DhsA. 57, 196; PvA. 104; VvA. 20, 55. samavāyena in common VvA. 336; khaṇa-s° a momentary meeting J. I, 381. (Page 684)

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Samāvaya, =samavāya, closely united J. VI, 475 (in verse). (Page 686)

— or —

Samavaya, annihilation, termination (?) see samaya (cpd.) & saṭha. (Page 684)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samavaya (समवय) [or समवयस्क, samavayaska].—a (S) pop. samavayī a Of the same age, coëtaneous.

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samavāya (समवाय).—m S Assemblage, collection, multitude, accumulation, a number or an aggregate quantity. 2 In logic. One of the categories enumerated under padārtha. Intimate and constant relation or connection (as of the material with the article made of it, as of the several species with the including genus, as of all the parts with the whole). Also samavāyasambandha.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samavaya (समवय) [-vayaska-vayī, -वयस्क-वयी].—a Of the same age, coetaneous.

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samavāya (समवाय).—m Assemblage, collection.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samavāya (समवाय).—

1) Combination, union, conjunction, aggregate, collection; तेषां समवाये एकदेशकालकतृत्वे (teṣāṃ samavāye ekadeśakālakatṛtve) ... एकतन्त्रत्वं भवति (ekatantratvaṃ bhavati) ŚB. on MS.12.1.1; सर्वाविनयानामेकैकमप्येषामायतनं किमुत समवायः (sarvāvinayānāmekaikamapyeṣāmāyatanaṃ kimuta samavāyaḥ) K.; बहूनामप्यसाराणां समवायो हि दुर्जयः (bahūnāmapyasārāṇāṃ samavāyo hi durjayaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1. 331; Bhāgavata 6.9.34.

2) A number, multitude, heap.

3) Close connection, cohesion; कर्तृदेशकालानामचोदनं प्रयोगे नित्यसमवायात् (kartṛdeśakālānāmacodanaṃ prayoge nityasamavāyāt) MS.4.2.23.

4) (In Vaiś. phil.) Intimate union, constant and inseparable connection, inseparable inherence or existence of one thing in another, one of the seven categories of the Vaiśeṣikas; उक्तं समवाये पारदौर्बल्यम् (uktaṃ samavāye pāradaurbalyam) MS.8.4.17; नित्यसंबन्धः समवायः (nityasaṃbandhaḥ samavāyaḥ) Tarka K.

5) Conjunction of heavenly bodies; समालोक्यैकतामेव शशिनो भास्करस्य च । समवायं तु तं रौद्रं दृष्ट्वा शक्रोऽन्वचिन्तयत् (samālokyaikatāmeva śaśino bhāskarasya ca | samavāyaṃ tu taṃ raudraṃ dṛṣṭvā śakro'nvacintayat) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3. 224.16.

Derivable forms: samavāyaḥ (समवायः).

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Samāvāya (समावाय).—

1) Association, connection.

2) Inseparable connection; see समवाय (samavāya).

3) Aggregation.

4) A multitude, number, heap.

5) Conjunction (of heavenly bodies).

Derivable forms: samāvāyaḥ (समावायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samavāya (समवाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Multitude, assemblage, collection, aggregate, quantity. 2. One of the categories or Padart'has of logic, intimate and constant relation, as of yarn and the cloth made of it. 3. Connection of species in a genus, or parts of a whole. E. sam and ava before ay to go, aff. ghañ .

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Samāvāya (समावाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A multitude, a number, a heap or quantity. 2. Association. 3. Integral or inseparable aggregation. E. sam and āṅ implying aggregation, ay to go, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samavāya (समवाय).—i. e. sam-ava-i + a, m. 1. Multitude, [Pañcatantra] 130, 7; aggregate; meeting, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 14. 2. Assembly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 108. 3. Intimate and constant relation, Bhāṣāp. 1, 58; as of yarn and the cloth made of it, the individual and its species, etc. 4. Intimate union, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 108, 10; union, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 376.

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Samāvāya (समावाय).—i. e. sam-ā-ava -i + a, m. 1. Integral aggregation, totality, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 8, 14. 2. Association. 3. A multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samavāya (समवाय).—[masculine] meeting with, joining ([genetive] or —°); congress, assembly; union, connection, mixture, aggregate; intimate cohesion, inherence, adj. yin (ph.).

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Samāvāya (समावाय).—[masculine] = samavāya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samavāya (समवाय):—[=sam-avāya] [from sam-ave] m. coming or meeting together, contact, concourse, congress, assemblage, collection, crowd, aggregate (ena or āt, ‘in combination’; yaṃ-√kṛ, ‘to meet, combine, flock together’), [Gṛhya-sūtra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] conjunction (of heavenly bodies), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] collision, [???; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) perpetual co-inherence, inner or intimate relation, constant and intimate union, inseparable concomitance (= nitya-sambandha, the sixth Padārtha or category of the Vaiśeṣikas, expressing relation which exists between a substance and its qualities, between a whole and its parts e.g. between cloth and the yarn composing it, between a genus and its individuals etc.), [Kapila; Jaimini; Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 66; 69]

5) [v.s. ...] course, duration (e, with [genitive case], ‘during’), [Mahābhārata i, 556]

6) Samāvāya (समावाय):—[=sam-āvāya] m. (m.[case] for sam-av q.v. under sam-avāp. 1157), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samavāya (समवाय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Co-ordination; multitude, quantity; a category.

2) Samāvāya (समावाय):—[samā+vāya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A multitude, conglomeration, association.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samavāya (समवाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samavāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samavaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samavaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samavāya (समवाय) [Also spelled samvay]:—(nm) collection, company; concourse; concomitance; —[saṃbaṃdha] inseparable relation, intimate and constant connection.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Samavāya (समवाय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samavāya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samavaya (ಸಮವಯ):—[noun] equality of age.

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Samavāya (ಸಮವಾಯ):—

1) [noun] the state of being united, joined together; union.

2) [noun] an inseparable association.

3) [noun] a throng of people; a multitude.

4) [noun] (phil.) the sixth of the seven categories expressing the relation which exists between a substance and its qualities, betweeen a whole and its parts.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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