Samavartana, Samāvartana: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Samavartana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Smavartan.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey

Samāvartana (समावर्तन) refers to the ceremony of “completing education” and represents one of the sixteen saṃskāras, or “ceremonies” accompanying the individual during the Gṛhastha (householder) stage of the Āśrama way of life. These ceremonies (e.g., samāvartana-saṃskāra) are community affairs and at each ceremony relations and friends gather for community eating.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samavartana in Shaivism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Samāvartana (समावर्तन) refers to the ceremony of “completion of education”, which is mentioned as one of the fire-rituals related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Samāvartana is mentioned in the Vīra-āgama (chapter 41) and the Makuṭa-āgama (chapter 6).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Samāvartana (समावर्तन) refers to the “ritual of returning home after the completion of the Vedic studies” and represents one of the eighteen bodily rituals (śārīraka-saṃskāras) mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Of these, the first three chapters dealing with the bodily rituals [viz., Samāvartana].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samavartana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samāvartana (समावर्तन).—n S The ceremony of loosening the muñja from the loins of a Brahman about sixteen years after binding it.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samavartana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samāvartana (समावर्तन).—

1) Return.

2) Especially, a pupil's return home after finishing his course of holy study.

Derivable forms: samāvartanam (समावर्तनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāvartana (समावर्तन).—i. e. sam-ā -vṛt + ana, n. A pupil’s return home after having finished his religious studies, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 108.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāvartana (समावर्तन):—[=sam-āvartana] [from samā-vṛt] n. returning, ([especially]) the return home of a Brāhman student as above (also ‘the Saṃskāra ceremony performed on the above occasion’; cf. saṃskāra), [Manu-smṛti; Śaṃkarācārya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] ([Religious Thought and Life in India 353 etc.])

[Sanskrit to German]

Samavartana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samavartana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samāvartana (समावर्तन) [Also spelled smavartan]:—(nm) returning home (esp. after completion of studies); -[saṃskāra/samāroha] a convocation; [samāvartanīya] pertaining to or fit for [samāvartana].

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samavartana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samāvartana (ಸಮಾವರ್ತನ):—[noun] = ಸಮಾವರ್ತನೆ [samavartane].

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Samāvartane (ಸಮಾವರ್ತನೆ):—

1) [noun] a going or coming back; a return.

2) [noun] the return of a brāhmaṇa student to his house after completing his studies in the house of his preceptor.

3) [noun] a ceremony performed on this occasion.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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