Samatirthika, Sama-tirthika, Samatīrthika: 1 definition


Samatirthika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samatirthika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samatīrthika (समतीर्थिक).—f. °ikā, adj. (var. °thaka, °tittika; Pali °titthika, var. °tittika, see below), full to the brim; in both Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] used (1) of rivers in flood (so most commonly in Pali, e.g. Dīghanikāya (Pali) i.244.14, where text °tittikā, v.l. °titthikā, commentary ii.402.23 glosses samabharitā): (gaṅgā…suparipūrṇā) samatīrthakā (read with v.l. and Calcutta (see LV.) °thikā) Lalitavistara 407.2 (prose), Tibetan mu daṅ mñam pa, level with the borders (banks); (2) of bowls of food: samatīr- thikāṃ (sc. pātrīṃ) pūriṣu bhojanena Lalitavistara 387.3 (verse), Tibetan zhal zas kyis ni (with food) kha da (to the brim) chad du (read tshad du ? to full measure) bkaṅ (filled); na samatīr- thikam Mahāvyutpatti 8565, (monks should) not (accept food) up to the brim (of the bowl); Tibetan mu daṅ kha daṅ…, compare above; var. °tittikam, which Mironov prints; Pali parallel, Vin. iv.190.35, samatitthikaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paṭiggahessāmi, I shall accept almsfood (only) to the brim (of the bowl, not heaped up higher). Acc. to Childers' informant, this is the true reading and interpretation; for others see [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. The variant °tittika, tho found in both Pali and Mahāvyutpatti tradition, is probably a corruption. The meaning of tīrtha here implied is an extension of Sanskrit usage, where it is used of what are now called bathing ghats in India; from this to edge, bank, of a river, was a short step; the [compound] sama- tīrthika was probably used first of very full rivers, then by extension of food-bowls.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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