Samatata, aka: Samataṭa, Samātata; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samatata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Samatata in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samataṭa (समतट).—Under Devarakṣita.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 64.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Samataṭa (समतट) is a place-name without suffix and is mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 1. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Samataṭa is one of the frontier kingdoms which offered their submission to Samudragupta. Sen remarks that Samudragupta reduced the king of Samataṭa to the rank of a subordinate prince who had to part with most of his powers and was “allowed to rule over a much reduced dominion as a vassal of the emperor”.

Samataṭa is the only territory in Bengal to be referred to in the Allahabed Praśasti. The first epigraphic reference to Samataṭa is to be found in this inscription. Literally the name means ‘the shore country’ or ‘Level country’. “Samataṭa in the Gupta period denoted a territory lying to the east of the Brahmaputra”.

The Bṛhat-saṃhitā mentions Samataṭa as a country situated in the East. The Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang proceeded from Kāmarūpa southwards and after a journey of 1,200 or 1,300 li (6 li- 1 mile) reached the country of Samataṭa. According to him, this country was on the seaside and was low and moist and was more than 3,000 li in circuit. From Samataṭa, the pilgrim journeyed towards the West for over 900 li and reached Tanmolihti, or Tāmralipta, the modern Tamluk in the Midnāpur district. Samataṭa, therefore, must have been the South-eastern part of the Bengal presidency corresponding to the Dacca, Faridpur, Backerganj, Jessore and Khulna districts.

Samataṭa is known from the Baghaura Inscription that the Tipperah district was in Samataṭa. The Ārya-Mañjuśrī Mūlakalpa states that Samataṭa was situated to the east of the Lohitya. The Yādavaprakāśa equates Bhaurika with Samataṭa. Epigraphical evidence, however, shows that Samataṭa comprised the districts of Comilla, Noakhali and Sylhat. Its capital Karmmanta has been identified with Baḍ-Kāmatā, 12 miles west of Comilla district. After the rule of the Guptas, Samataṭa was successively under the Khaḍga, Candra, Varman and Sena dynasties.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Samataṭa (समतट).—Varāhamihira places Samataṭa in the Eastern Division. But that does not help us to locate it properly. According to Yuan Chwang, Samataṭa was to the east of the Tāmraliptī and to the south of the Kāmarūpa country, and bordered on the sea. On the strength of these data and also the Bāghāurā image inscription, N. K. Bhattasali has satisfactorily identified it with the natural geographical unit “comprising the eastern half of the present Mymensingh and Dacca districts lying east of the Brahmaputra, the greater part of Sylhet, and the whole of the Tippera and Noakhali districts.” He further holds the opinion that Baḍkāmtā, twelve miles west of modern Comilla was the capital of Samataṭa.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samatata in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samātata (समातत).—p. p.

1) Extended, stretched.

2) Continuous, uninterrupted.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāmātaṭa (सामातट).—(?) , f. °ṭī, adj., geographical, with vācā, (language) of (? some country or region; probably corrupt): Mmk 332.7 (verse), see Harikelika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 16 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nala
Nala.—(IE 8-6), measuring rod; same as daṇḍa; sometimes regarded as 12 cubits, 22 cubits, 56 cu...
Tamralipta
Tāmralipta (ताम्रलिप्त).—A King in ancient Bhārata. Sahadeva during his victory march conquered...
Kamarupa
Kāmarūpa (कामरूप).—a. 1) taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः (jān...
Bhaurika
Bhaurika (भौरिक).—m. (-kaḥ) The superintendent of gold, the treasurer. E. bhūri gold, aff. ṭhak...
Davaka
Ḍavāka (डवाक) is a place-name without suffix and is mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 1. T...
Pratyanta
Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त).—adj. (= Pali paccanta), on the border, outside, outer: MSV ii.188.14 °tā...
Tamluk
Tamluk in the Midnāpur district corresponds to Tanmolihti, or Tāmralipta.—From Samataṭa, the Ch...
Devarakshita
Devarakṣita (देवरक्षित) is the name of a Brāhman from Karabha, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsā...
Dacca
1) Dacca is the modern name of Ḍavāka According to Fleet. Ḍavāka is a place-name without suffix...
Faridpur
Faridpur is one of the districts that once comprised Samataṭa.—From Samataṭa, the Chinese trave...
Backerganj
Backerganj is one of the districts that once comprised Samataṭa.—From Samataṭa, the Chinese tra...
Jessore
Jessore is one of the districts that once comprised Samataṭa.—From Samataṭa, the Chinese travel...
Khulna
Khulna is one of the districts that once comprised Samataṭa.—From Samataṭa, the Chinese travell...
Tanmolihti
Tanmolihti (तन्मोलिह्ति) or Tāmralipta corresponds to the modern Tamluk in the Midnāpur distric...
Karmmanta
Karmmanta was the captitol of Samataṭa. Karmmanta has been identified with Baḍ-Kāmatā, 12 miles...

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