Samasokti, Samāsokti, Samasa-ukti: 10 definitions


Samasokti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति, “speech of brevity”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—When the behaviour of another is ascribed to the subject of description, from a sameness of (i) action, (ii) sex or gender, or (iii) attribute, the figure is Samāsokti. Maṅkhaka beautifully uses this figure to add grace to his poem. In the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita, the Nature shares human joys and sorrows and thereby Maṅkhaka’s expertise in personification comes to light.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure of speech samāsokti has been admitted by Daṇḍin (K.D. II/P.P. 205-13) Bhāmaha (II/79), Udbhaṭa (II/10), Vāmana (IV/.3) Mammaṭa (X/Sū. 148) Ruyyaka (A.S./P. 84), Viśvanātha (X/56) and Jagannātha (R.G. II/ P. 493).

Cirañjīva defines samāsokti as followes—“samāsoktiḥ parisphūrtiḥ prastute’prastutasya cet”.—“When a contextual thing is described and form that description a non-contextual thing appears then it is the figure samāsokti”. Most of the Ālaṃkārikas have admitted Samāsokti in the case of advent of a non-contextual meaning by means of the use of adjectives (viz. Ruyyaka, A.S /P. 84). Mammaṭa speaks of paronomasticdifferentiating adjuncts (K.P. X/148). But Cirañjīva has not mentioned the implication of noncontextual meaning by means of paronomastic adjectives.

Example of the samāsokti-alaṃkāra:—

mayi mukulitamālatīlatāyāṃ sthitavati yāni dināni saṅgatāni |
ahaha! vidhividhānato’dhunaivaṃ kathamapi tāni punarna vīkṣitāni ||

“Alas! on account of the rules of destiny, now I have never seen those days which I enjoyed when I was staying with the full bloomed mālatī creeper”.

Notes: In this verse a separated lover is describing his staying with the full bloomed mālatī creeper which is the contextual meaning. From this the non-contextual meaning that is his union with his beloved is revealed and to reveal this meaning the word mukulitamālatīlatā is helpful. So it is an example of samāsokti.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samasokti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति).—f. a figure of speech thus defined by Mammaṭa :-परोक्तिर्भेदकैः श्लिष्टैः समासोक्तिः (paroktirbhedakaiḥ śliṣṭaiḥ samāsoktiḥ) K. P.1.

Derivable forms: samāsoktiḥ (समासोक्तिः).

Samāsokti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms samāsa and ukti (उक्ति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति).—f.

(-ktiḥ) A protracted metaphor, (in rhetoric.) E. samāsa, and ukti saying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति).—[feminine] a kind of succint or compendiary expression ([rhetorie]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति):—[from sam-āsa > sam-as] f. concise speech (a figure of speech by which the proceedings of any object spoken of are indicated by describing the similar action or attributes of another object), [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti iv, 3, 3.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति):—[samāso+kti] (ktiḥ) 2. f. A protracted metaphor.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samasokti in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samasokti in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samāsokti (समासोक्ति):—(nf) a figure of speech in Indian Rhetorics which is a varity of allegory, brevity of speech.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samasokti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samāsōkti (ಸಮಾಸೋಕ್ತಿ):—[noun] = ಸಮಾಸ - [samasa -] 6.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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