Samarthya, Sāmarthya: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samarthya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samarthy.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—The capacity of a word to express its meaning. However, the term is used rather technically in the sense of compatibility or connectedness.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—lit. capacity of a word to express its sense; the word is, however, used rather technically, as derived from समर्थ (samartha), in the sense of compositeness; cf. तत्र एकार्थीभावः व्यपेक्षा वा सामर्थ्यम् । (tatra ekārthībhāvaḥ vyapekṣā vā sāmarthyam |) M Bh.on P.II.1.1. See समंर्थ (samaṃrtha) above, The word is also used in the sense of 'conformity in sense' or 'connectedness'; cf. इसुसोः सामर्थ्ये (isusoḥ sāmarthye) P.VIII. 3.41; cf. also उपसर्गः सामर्थ्ये (upasargaḥ sāmarthye) R. T. 105; cf. also R. T. 98 and 130.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—n (S) Power, strength, force, might. 2 Competency, capability, ability in general. 3 In grammar. The power or force of words: also mutual relation of words.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—n Power, strength Ability.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—

1) Power, force, capacity, ability, strength; निन्दन्तस्तव सामर्थ्यं ततो दुःखतरं नु किम् (nindantastava sāmarthyaṃ tato duḥkhataraṃ nu kim) Bg.2.36.

2) Sameness of aim or object.

3) Oneness of meaning or signification.

4) Adequacy, fitness.

5) The force or sense of words, the signifying power of a word.

6) Interest, advantage.

7) Wealth. (sāmarthyāt, sāmarthyayogāt 'by the force of, on the strength of, by dint of, by reason of, as a consequence of'.)

Derivable forms: sāmarthyam (सामर्थ्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—n.

(-rthyaṃ) 1. Power, force, ability, fortitude, strength. 2. Fitness, suitableness. 3. Capacity, adequacy. 4. (In grammar,) Mutual relation of words. 5. Sense or force of words. 6. Wealth. 7. Interest, advantage. 8. Sameness of aim or object. E. samarthya able, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—i. e. samartha + ya, n. 1. Fitness, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 308. 2. Adequacy, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 215 (that which is adequate, but cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1873, v.r.); being entitled, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 3027. 3. Profit, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 61, 44, Seramp. 4. Ability, [Pañcatantra] 263, 7. 5. Strength, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 384; power, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 140; fortitude, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 36. 6. Mutual relation of words. 7. Sense of words.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samarthya (समर्थ्य).—[adjective] to be (being) confirmed or justified.

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Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—[neuter] adequacy, fitness, sufficient cause for or just claim on ([locative] or —°); strength, power, efficacy, ability (infin., [dative], [locative], or —°); the meaning or function of a word. Abl. yogāt according to circumstances, by reason or on account of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samarthya (समर्थ्य):—[=sam-arthya] [from sam-arth] mfn. to be established or corroborated or justified, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य):—n. ([from] sam-artha) sameness of aim or object or meaning or signification, belonging or agreeing together (in aim, object etc.), adequacy, accordance, fitness, suitableness, [Patañjali; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta] etc.

3) the being entitled to, justification for ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) ability to or capacity for ([infinitive mood] [dative case] [locative case], or [compound]; [accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to do one’s utmost’; with √bhaj, ‘to take pains’, ‘exert one’s self’), [ib.]

5) efficacy, power, strength, force (āt, or -tas or -yogāt, ‘through the force of circumstances’, ‘by reason of.’, ‘in consequence of’, ‘on account of.’ ‘as a matter of course’), [ib.]

6) the force or function or sense of a word, [Kusumāñjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य):—(rthyaṃ) 1. n. Power, ability, fitness; connexion of words.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Samarthya (समर्थ्य):—(von samarthay) adj. was bestätigt, begründet, gerechtfertigt wird [Sāhityadarpana 301, 4.]

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Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य):—(von samartha) n.

1) Angemessenheit, das Geeignetsein; = yogyatā [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 322.] [Medinīkoṣa y. 111.] sabhāyāṃ vakti sāmarthyam so v. a. Angemessenes [Spr. (II) 4280, v. l.] yogāt so v. a. je nach den Umständen [524. 3671. 4451.] tulyasāmarthyayā vācā [Harivaṃśa 5837. 6355.] abl. sāmarthyāt so v. a. der Sachlage gemäss, wie es sich von selbst versteht [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 7, 21.] vācyaphaleṣu svargaḥ sā [10, 10. 4, 3, 2. 4, 22. 17, 4, 12. 18, 2, 6.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 12, 3.] [] zu [Chāndogyopaniṣad S. 32. 78.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 457.] [Sāhityadarpana 216, 14. fg.] Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā Prātiśākhya 4, 11.] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 1, 6.] zu [Naiṣadhacarita 22, 55.] tas dass. [CARAKA 1, 15] śrutisāmarthyābhyām [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 15, 25.] —

2) Berechtigung, das Haben einer hinreichenden Veranlassung zu (loc. oder im comp. vorangehend): śoke nāsti sāmarthyamaṇvapi [Spr. (II) 6533. 3566.] nahi me jīvite kiṃcitsāmarthyamiha kalpyate . apaśyantyāḥ priyaṃ putram [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 43, 19 (42, 20 Gorresio).] hṛtarājyasya u.s.w. kiṃ me jīvitasāmarthyam (= ślādhyatva [Nīlakaṇṭha][?). Mahābhārata 3, 16121. Rāmāyaṇa 2, 77, 17.] —

3) Gleichberechtigung: caturṇāmapi [Suśruta 1, 150, 4.] —

4) das dem - Sinne nach - Verbundensein, Zusammengehörigkeit dem Sinne nach [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 3, 44.] nahi naño napuṃsakena sāmarthyam [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 43.] [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 1] (definirt). pūrvottarapadayoḥ zu [35.] —

5) das Vermögen, Macht, Kraft, Fähigkeit, Wirksamkeit [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 14, 69. 26, 197.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Medinīkoṣa] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 25, 17.] [Bhagavadgītā 2, 36.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 6, 3. 36, 14. 5, 94, 18.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 11, 13. 17, 46.] [UTTARAR. 107, 11 (145, 8).] [Spr. (II) 84.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 284.] [Sāhityadarpana 17, 12.] [Pañcatantra 57, 3.] ed. orn. [?40, 12. Vedānta lecture No. 36. SARVADARŚANAS 12, 5. 6. 26, 2.] hīna [Hitopadeśa 113, 20.] vikrama [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 56, 24.] parākrama 30. vijñāna [Spr. (II) 4209.] mantragaṇa [Sāyaṇa] zu [Ṛgveda 3, 53, 23.] grahaṇa Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [Prātiśākhya 16, 19.] anyasāmarthyāt weil ein Anderer es vermag [Spr. (II) 3615.] sāmarthyaṃ kar sein Möglichstes thun: liṅgadhāraṇe [Mahābhārata 3, 2214. 13, 7302.] [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 40, 11.] bhaj so v. a. sich zusammennehmen [29, 25.] am Ende eines adj. comp.: a [Mahābhārata 13, 281.] tulya [Spr. (II) 2584.] adṛṣṭapara [6908.] kalpitānyonya [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 76.] kṣapita [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 384.] prauḍha [476.] Die Ergänzung a) im infin. [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 54, 8.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 114, 94.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 101. 261.] — b) im dat.: kṣārāṇāmeva sāmarthyaṃ malanāśāya vāsasās [Spr. (II) 1239.] apatyotpādanāya sāmarthyamalabhamānaḥ [Sāyaṇa] zu [Ṛgveda 1, 125, 1.] — c) im loc.: svayaṃ rājā viṣamasthaḥ pareṣu sāmarthyamanvicchati [Mahābhārata 5, 746.] tvatsevanārthaṃ sāmarthyaṃ kasminna mama karmaṇi [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 308.] kimarthakriyayoḥ sthāyinaḥ sāmarthyamasti no vā [SARVADARŚANAS. 9, 22.] svakāryakāraṇe [38, 17. fgg.] — d) im comp. vorangehend: sarvasāmarthyalipsu Macht über Alle [Mahābhārata 3, 11811.] bhuvaḥ pālanasāmarthyayuktaḥ [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 18, 9.] hīnadarśana adj. [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 219.] — a Unvermögen, Unfähigkeit [Pañcatantra 69, 3.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 12, 5. 26, 2.] [KUSUM. 31, 9.] —

6) sāmarthyāt am Ende eines comp. = vaśāt vermöge, in Folge von, gemäss [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 1, 4. 6, 26. 4, 1, 10. 2, 30. 5, 1, 10. 9, 5, 1. 12. 31. 18, 5, 7. 25, 4, 25.] [KAṆ. 3, 2, 21.] [Suśruta 1, 147, 9. 2, 1, 8.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 1, 36. 16, 3.] [Oxforder Handschriften 48], b, [12. 35.] [Pañcatantra 263, 7.] [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad S. 44. 117.] zu [Chāndogyopaniṣad S. 39.] Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā Prātiśākhya 1, 61. 5, 25. 9, 13, v. l. 21. 13, 14. 16, 13. 19.] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 69. 3, 46. 2, 2, 3. 7, 1, 36.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 17, 4. 98, 20. fg. 123, 22.] —

7) die wirkende Kraft eines Wortes so v. a. seine Bedeutung, Function [KUSUM. 34, 11. 60, 5.] —

8) fehlerhaft für sāmarghya [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 41, 12.] für sāmarṣa [Pañcatantra 66, 9.] — Vgl. niḥ .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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