Samarthya, Sāmarthya: 19 definitions


Samarthya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samarthy.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—The capacity of a word to express its meaning. However, the term is used rather technically in the sense of compatibility or connectedness.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—lit. capacity of a word to express its sense; the word is, however, used rather technically, as derived from समर्थ (samartha), in the sense of compositeness; cf. तत्र एकार्थीभावः व्यपेक्षा वा सामर्थ्यम् । (tatra ekārthībhāvaḥ vyapekṣā vā sāmarthyam |) M Bh.on P.II.1.1. See समंर्थ (samaṃrtha) above, The word is also used in the sense of 'conformity in sense' or 'connectedness'; cf. इसुसोः सामर्थ्ये (isusoḥ sāmarthye) P.VIII. 3.41; cf. also उपसर्गः सामर्थ्ये (upasargaḥ sāmarthye) R. T. 105; cf. also R. T. 98 and 130.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to the “capacity” (e.g., to rise to higher levels and ultimately attain liberation).—Rules [i.e., samaya] must be rigourously observed, not for their own sake or simply as acts of obedience or self-control. By observing them the aspirant develops his spiritual power, the capacity (sāmarthya) to rise to higher levels and ultimately attain liberation. Moreover, it is essential that Kaulas should observe the rules constantly maintaining a sense of oneness. This way they ultimately attain the non-dual state of Stillness—nirācāra—beyond them.

2) Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to “power” (viz., the power of knowledge) and is used to describe Bhairava, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then the god Bhairava, who bore the form of Sadyojāta, shook. He leapt up by the power of knowledge [i.e., jñāna-sāmarthya] and rolled around again and again. The god, intent on the ritual, secreted blood from the navel, Liṅga and in the Cave. Then he became Bhairava, the abode of blood, in the sacrifice. (Thus) Bhairava bore the form of Sadyojāta (sadyarūpa—the Immediately Born)”.

3) Sāmarthyā (सामर्थ्या) refers to “(Śiva’s) capacity”, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “[...] It is Śiva’s will in the form of the Transmental and With Mind, (arisen as) both non-dual and dual (respectively). [...] And (that energy) With Mind generates the Five-fold Reality within this universe. The Transmental, who is Śiva’s capacity (to do all things) (sāmarthya), bestows the most excellent knowledge. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

1) Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to “(one’s own) power”, according to the Dattātreyayogaśāstra verse 101.4 and Yogatattvopaniṣat 1.76-78.—Accordingly, while discussing the concerns about the use of Siddhis: “These [Siddhis] are obstacles to the great Siddhi (i.e., liberation). The wise [Yogin] does not delight in them. He should never reveal his own power [i.e., sva-sāmarthya] to anyone, except sometimes he may do so to a devotee out of kindness. The Yogin should behave among people as though dumb, simple or deaf, in order to keep his powers hidden. If not, then there will surely be many students [who will] undoubtedly ask the master of Yoga [to intervene] in their own affairs. [Because of this,] he will become preoccupied with carrying out their actions and forgetful of his own [Yoga] practice”.

2) Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to the “power (of Yoga)”, according to the Viṣṇudharma verse 96.28cd-29ab.—Accordingly, while teaching the attainment of non-duality the practice of Yoga: “When the [mind] has ceased because of the power (sāmarthya) of Yoga, cognition of Brahma arises [for the Yogin]. The supreme Brahma should be cognized by the mind of a Yogin, O king”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Shaivism glossary
Source: OAPEN: Reverberations of Dharmakīrti‘s Philosophy (sh)

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to the “power (of visualizations and seed-mantras)”, according to Sarvajñānottara Vidyāpāda 8-9.—Poison was a stock example for the Saiddhāntikas. In the Sarvajñānottara we read: “Just as the toxicologist, through the power of visualizations and seed-mantras (mantra-sāmarthya), effects the removal of poison, so the Ācārya effects a disjunction with the bonds through Śaiva [initiation] rituals. Just as a suppression of poison [takes place] by the power of mantras and herbs, so there takes place a suppression of all bonds through initiation”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to the “ability (to create a sacred text—Śāstra)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.4 (“The Tripuras are initiated).—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu said to his self-created Puruṣa: “[...] O you who wield Māyā, create a deceptive sacred text of sixteen hundred thousand verses, contrary to Śrutis and Smṛtis wherein Varṇas and Āśramas shall be eschewed. Let that holy text be in Apabhraṃśa lauguage. Let there be emphasis on actions. You shall strain yourself to extend it further. I shall bestow on you the ability (sāmarthya) to create it. Different kinds of magic arts shall be subservient to you”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) refers to the “(inconceivable) power” (of the self), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Who is able to explain the inconceivable power (sāmarthya) of this [self]? And that [power] is from traversing the path of meditation which is of various kinds”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—n (S) Power, strength, force, might. 2 Competency, capability, ability in general. 3 In grammar. The power or force of words: also mutual relation of words.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—n Power, strength Ability.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—

1) Power, force, capacity, ability, strength; निन्दन्तस्तव सामर्थ्यं ततो दुःखतरं नु किम् (nindantastava sāmarthyaṃ tato duḥkhataraṃ nu kim) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.36.

2) Sameness of aim or object.

3) Oneness of meaning or signification.

4) Adequacy, fitness.

5) The force or sense of words, the signifying power of a word.

6) Interest, advantage.

7) Wealth. (sāmarthyāt, sāmarthyayogāt 'by the force of, on the strength of, by dint of, by reason of, as a consequence of'.)

Derivable forms: sāmarthyam (सामर्थ्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—n.

(-rthyaṃ) 1. Power, force, ability, fortitude, strength. 2. Fitness, suitableness. 3. Capacity, adequacy. 4. (In grammar,) Mutual relation of words. 5. Sense or force of words. 6. Wealth. 7. Interest, advantage. 8. Sameness of aim or object. E. samarthya able, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—i. e. samartha + ya, n. 1. Fitness, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 308. 2. Adequacy, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 215 (that which is adequate, but cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1873, v.r.); being entitled, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 3027. 3. Profit, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 61, 44, Seramp. 4. Ability, [Pañcatantra] 263, 7. 5. Strength, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 384; power, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 140; fortitude, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 36. 6. Mutual relation of words. 7. Sense of words.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samarthya (समर्थ्य).—[adjective] to be (being) confirmed or justified.

--- OR ---

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य).—[neuter] adequacy, fitness, sufficient cause for or just claim on ([locative] or —°); strength, power, efficacy, ability (infin., [dative], [locative], or —°); the meaning or function of a word. Abl. yogāt according to circumstances, by reason or on account of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samarthya (समर्थ्य):—[=sam-arthya] [from sam-arth] mfn. to be established or corroborated or justified, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य):—n. ([from] sam-artha) sameness of aim or object or meaning or signification, belonging or agreeing together (in aim, object etc.), adequacy, accordance, fitness, suitableness, [Patañjali; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta] etc.

3) the being entitled to, justification for ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) ability to or capacity for ([infinitive mood] [dative case] [locative case], or [compound]; [accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to do one’s utmost’; with √bhaj, ‘to take pains’, ‘exert one’s self’), [ib.]

5) efficacy, power, strength, force (āt, or -tas or -yogāt, ‘through the force of circumstances’, ‘by reason of.’, ‘in consequence of’, ‘on account of.’ ‘as a matter of course’), [ib.]

6) the force or function or sense of a word, [Kusumāñjali]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य):—(rthyaṃ) 1. n. Power, ability, fitness; connexion of words.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāmaccha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samarthya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sāmarthya (सामर्थ्य) [Also spelled samarthy]:—(nf) competence; capacity; power, strength; ~[vāna] competent, capable; powerful, strong; ~[hīna] incompetent, incapable; powerless, weak.

context information


Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarthya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sāmarthya (ಸಾಮರ್ಥ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a being able; power to do; ability; efficiency.

2) [noun] power; strength.

3) [noun] samemess of aim or object, meaning or signification.

4) [noun] sense of a word.

5) [noun] riches; wealth.

6) [noun] benefit; advantage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of samarthya in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: