Samarambha, Samārambha: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Samarambha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Smarambh.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Samārambha (समारम्भ) refers to “(readiness) to carry out particular affairs”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Indra said to Kāma: “O Kāma you are blessed indeed, since you are in readiness to carry out the affair [i.e., samārambha] I have on hand. You have begun well. Listen to what is relevant to the context. I shall tell you everything. My job is equally your job and not otherwise. I have many friends and great friends at that. But, O Kāma, I have no other friend on a par with you anywhere. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Samārambha (समारम्भ) refers to “preparation for commencement of activities” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the living beings (jīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.

Samārambha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Samārambha (समारम्भ).—What is meant by preparation for it (samārambha)? To start collecting appliances and implements to undertake the intended activity is called preparation for it.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samārambha : (m.) undertaking; activity; injury; slaughter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samārambha, (saṃ+ārambha) 1. undertaking, effort, endeavour, activity A. II, 197 sq. (kāya°, vacī°, mano°); Vin. IV, 67.—2. injuring, killing, slaughter Sn. 311; D. I, 5; DA. I, 77; A. II, 197; S. V, 470; Pug. 58; DhsA. 146.—appasamārambha (written °rabbha) connected with little (or no) injury (to life) D. I, 143. Cp. ārabhati1. (Page 686)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samārambha (समारंभ).—m (S sam & ārambha) The laying out and carrying on; the arrangement, disposition, and management (of a festivity, public entertainment, pompous procession or ceremony): also the solemnization or celebration with full form and state (of a religious observance or institution &c.) Ex. lagnācā sa0, muñjēcā sa0, brāhmaṇabhōjanācā -mējavānīcā -nācācā -yajñācā -pūjēcā -vādācā -yuddhācā -samārambha. v kara. Also The festivity, ceremony &c. celebrated. 2 By a figure and laxly. The articles, materials, and items, collectively, used on such occasions or seasons. Ex. āmacē gharīṃ lagna āhē hyāja- karitāṃ tumacē gharacā sarva sa0 āmhāsa dyā. 3 Respecting or honoring. v rākha, ṭhēva g. of o.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samārambha (समारंभ).—m The arrangement and manage- ment of a festivity. The ceremony, &c. celebrated.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samārambha (समारम्भ).—

1) Beginning, commencement.

2) An enterprise, undertaking, a work, an action; यस्य सर्वे समारम्भाः कामसंकल्पवर्जिताः (yasya sarve samārambhāḥ kāmasaṃkalpavarjitāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.19; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.125.4; भव्यमुख्याः समा- रम्भाः (bhavyamukhyāḥ samā- rambhāḥ) ...... तस्य गूढं विपेचिरे (tasya gūḍhaṃ vipecire) R.17.53.

3) An unguent; see समालम्भ (samālambha).

4) Spirit of enterprise; व्यूहानां च समारम्भान् देवगान्धर्वमानुषान् (vyūhānāṃ ca samārambhān devagāndharvamānuṣān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.165.1.

Derivable forms: samārambhaḥ (समारम्भः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samārambha (समारम्भ).—m.

(-mbhaḥ) 1. Commencement, beginning. 2. An undertaking. 3. An unguent. E. sam and āṅ before rabhi to commence, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samārambha (समारम्भ).—i. e. sam-ā -rabh + a, m. 1. Commencement, beginning, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 196. 2. Undertaking, Chr. 7, 14; [Pañcatantra] 183, 2. 3. Using, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 146. 4. An unguent, Sch. [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] ap. Böhtl. 211, ad 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samārambha (समारम्भ).—[masculine] enterprise, beginning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samārambha (समारम्भ):—[=sam-ārambha] [from samā-rabh] m. undertaking, enterprise, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] spirit of enterprise, [Mahābhārata v, 990]

3) [v.s. ...] beginning, commencement, [Śāntiśataka]

4) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for samārambhaṇa, an unguent, [Śakuntalā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samārambha (समारम्भ):—[samā+rambha] (mbhaḥ) 1. m. Beginning; undertaking.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samārambha (समारम्भ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samāraṃbha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samarambha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samāraṃbha (समारंभ) [Also spelled smarambh]:—(nm) inauguration, commencement, beginning.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Samāraṃbha (समारंभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samārabh.

2) Samāraṃbha (समारंभ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Samārambha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samarambha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samāraṃbha (ಸಮಾರಂಭ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of beginning; commencement.

2) [noun] to arrange in an orderly way; to organise.

3) [noun] a condition of excitement caused by enthusiasm, joy, etc.

4) [noun] a day of feasting or celebration; a festival.

5) [noun] a celebration, entertainment or series of performances of a social or religious kind.

6) [noun] the act of removing, avoiding or eradicating.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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