Samaka, Sāmāka, Shamaka, Sāmaka: 17 definitions


Samaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Sāmaka (सामक) or Rogasāmaka refers to a medicinal decoction used in the treatment of elephants (Gajāyurveda or Hastyāyurveda), according the Garuḍapurāṇa.—The drugs, treatments enumerated in connection with diseases of horses may also be employed in the diseases of elephants. But the dosage is four times of that of a horse. In Garuḍapurāṇa a kaṣāya known as Rogasāmaka-kaṣāya mentioned for treating the diseases of elephants. [...]

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Śamaka (शमक) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Śamaka).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śamaka (शमक) and Yamaka were two men that appeared before king Bharata, as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Folding his hands and raising them, the King [i.e., Bharata] spoke to Lady Marudevī burdened with sorrow in a voice resembling new nectar. [...] Just then, two men, named Yamaka and Śamaka, approached and were announced to the King by the King’s door-keeper. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sāmaka.—(LP), ‘collectively’; cf. Gujarātī sāṃṭuṃ. Note: sāmaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Samaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Rhus coriaria in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Samaka in Tanzania is also identified with Aframomum angustifolium It has the synonym Marogna paludosa Salisb., nom. illeg. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Poultry Sci.
· Hooker’s Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany (1854)
· Planta Medica (1971)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2000)
· Nat. Prod. Res. (2006)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Samaka, for example pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samaka : (adj.) equal; like; same.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāmāka, (cp. Vedic śyāmāka) a kind of millet (Panicum frumentaceum) D. I, 166; M. I, 78, 156, 343; A. I, 295; II, 206; Sn. 239; Pug. 55; J. III, 144, 371; Nett 141; DhA. V, 81. (Page 704)

— or —

Samaka, (adj.) (cp. BSk. samaka Divy 585) equal, like, same Miln. 122, 410; of the same height (of a seat) Vin. II, 169. samakaṃ (adv.) equally Miln. 82. (Page 681)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāmaka (शामक).—a A term of vaidyaśāstra. That calms, composes, allays, lulls; as pittaśāmaka, vāyuśāmaka.

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sāmakā (सामका).—ad & prep R (sanmukha S through H) In front; in the fore or opposite place of; before, opposite.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāmaka (शामक).—a That calms, allays. In comp. pittaśāmaka &c.

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sāmakā (सामका).—ad & prep Before; opposite; in front.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāmaka (सामक).—The principal of a debt.

-kaḥ A whet-stone.

Derivable forms: sāmakam (सामकम्).

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Sāmaka (सामक).—a. Belonging to the Sāmaveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śamaka (शमक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Pacifier, pacificator, tranquillizing. E. śam to be tranquil, ṇvul aff. of attributive agency.

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Sāmaka (सामक).—n.

(-kaṃ) The principal of a debt, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) A whet-stone. E. sama equal, aṇ or vuñ aff.; or sām-ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śamaka (शमक).—[śam + aka], adj. sbst. Pacifying, a pacifier.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samaka (समक).—[adjective] like, equal.

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Sāmaka (सामक).—[neuter] the original debt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamaka (शमक):—[from śam] mfn. ([from] [Causal]) pacifying, a pacifier, peace-maker, [Pāṇini 7-3, 34 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) Śamakā (शमका):—[from śamaka > śam] f. a kind of creeper (found in Nanda-pura), [Kauśika-sūtra]

3) Śāmāka (शामाक):—incorr. for śyāmāka.

4) Samaka (समक):—[from sama] mfn. equal, alike, [Kāvya literature; Divyāvadāna]

5) Sāmaka (सामक):—[from sāma] 1. sāmaka n. (for 2. See p. 1205, col. 2) the principal of a debt, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

6) [v.s. ...] m. (thought l, y some to be for śāmaka [from] √śo) a whetstone ([especially] one for sharpening spindles), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [from sāman] 2. sāmaka mf(ikā)n. (for 1. See p. 1204, col. 3) = sāma adhīte veda vā [gana] kramādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śamaka (शमक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] A pacifier.

2) Sāmaka (सामक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. The principal of a debt. m. A whet-stone.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śāmaka (ಶಾಮಕ):—

1) [adjective] quenching; extinguishing; putting out.

2) [adjective] helping to control emotional disturbances; tending to sooth or quiet; sedative.

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Śāmaka (ಶಾಮಕ):—

1) [noun] a quenching, extinguishing agent (as the one used to put fire out).

2) [noun] any drug that helps to control various emotional disturbances; a sedative.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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