Samaja, aka: Samāja, Sāmaja, Saman-ja; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Samaja in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Samāja (समाज).—Of Gods at Meru; visited by the Earth.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 12.

2) Sāmaja (सामज).—See Nāgas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 351.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Samāja.—(EI 20; CII 1), a fair; a festival; a festive gather- ing on a particular occasion or for the celebration of an event. Note: samāja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

samaja (समज).—f m ( H) Apprehension of in the judgment; understanding, discernment. v ghē, dhara, 2 Understanding, sense, power of apprehending. 3 (Usually samajī or samajūta) Right understanding of, with, or towards; convinced, persuaded, or pacified state.

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samāja (समाज).—m (S) An assembly or a multitude; a number as collected together or as viewed collectively.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samaja (समज).—f m Understanding; sense. Warn- ing, admonition, reproof.

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samāja (समाज).—m An assembly or a multitude. The society. samājaśāstra n sociolgy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samaja (समज).—

1) A multitude of beasts, animals or birds, a herd, flock; आविश्चकार समजोऽपि तदा पशूनां भावं मनोभवकृतं दयितानुवर्ती (āviścakāra samajo'pi tadā paśūnāṃ bhāvaṃ manobhavakṛtaṃ dayitānuvartī) Rām. ch.5.12; (cf. paśūnāṃ samajo'nyeṣāṃ samājo'tha sadharmiṇām).

2) A number of fools.

-jam A wood, forest.

Derivable forms: samajaḥ (समजः).

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Samāja (समाज).—

1) An assembly, a meeting; अयं समाजः सुमहान् रमणीयतमो भुवि (ayaṃ samājaḥ sumahān ramaṇīyatamo bhuvi) Mb.1.143.3; विशेषतः सर्वविदां समाजे विभूषणं मौनमपष्टितानाम् (viśeṣataḥ sarvavidāṃ samāje vibhūṣaṇaṃ maunamapaṣṭitānām) Bh.2.7.

2) A society, club, an association; ... समाजानुरतो जनः (samājānurato janaḥ) Bk.8.39 (cf. paśūnāṃ samajo- 'nyeṣāṃ samājo'tha sadharmiṇām); Ms.9.264.

3) A number, multitude, collection.

4) A party, convivial meeting,

5) An elephant.

6) Meeting with, falling in with; तेषां विभो समुचितो भवतः समाजः (teṣāṃ vibho samucito bhavataḥ samājaḥ) Bhāg.1.6.38.

Derivable forms: samājaḥ (समाजः).

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Sāmaja (सामज).—a.

1) produced by the Sāmaveda.

2) produced by conciliatory means.

-jaḥ, -taḥ an elephant; नानाविधाविष्कृतसामजस्वरः (nānāvidhāviṣkṛtasāmajasvaraḥ) Śi.12.11; दन्ता दन्तैराहताः सामजानां भङ्गं जग्मुर्न स्वयं सामजाताः (dantā dantairāhatāḥ sāmajānāṃ bhaṅgaṃ jagmurna svayaṃ sāmajātāḥ) 18.33.

Sāmaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāman and ja (ज). See also (synonyms): sāmajāta.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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