Samacaravidhi, Samācāravidhi, Samacara-vidhi: 1 definition


Samacaravidhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samacharavidhi.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Samacaravidhi in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Samācāravidhi (समाचारविधि) (lit. “rules for good behaviour”) is the name of the eleventh chapter of the Nāradīyasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra document comprising over 3000 verses in 30 chapters presenting in a narrative framework the teachings of Nārada to Gautama, dealing primarily with modes of worship and festivals.

Description of the chapter [samācāravidhi]: Gautama asks about the rules of conduct that a Vaiṣṇava should observe during adhvara-sacrificial rites. Nārada turns to the conventions observed by a dīkṣita in particular, pointing out his daily obligations at home, at temple, and in society.

The bulk of the chapter concerns itself with such matters as options given for when, how often and under what conditions special liturgies are to be undertaken at home and in the temple (4-8); honoring divine beings, cows, Brahmins, elders, sages, et. al. (9); cultivating acceptable behaviour and dress (10-11a); commensal rules (11b-12); judgement of others’ character, and judgements concerning their professional and caste status in light of their demonstrated faith (13-36). Also, counsel is given to remain faithful to Viṣṇu; selecting divine names for his children; keeping mantras always on his lips; guarding the secret doctrines from the prying of non-believers, etc. (37-46). Utsavas are to be observed or avoided according to auspicious or inauspicious times (47-49). Also criticism and back-biting of others is to be studiously avoided (50-52a).

As for personal discipline each day, the devout man will go through the day observing scrupulously certain habits-from rising, through his morning toilet, his purificatory undertakings, and his morning prayers (52b-71a). In addition to other kinds of virtuous and exemplary Pāñcarātrika behaviour, he is to visit holy places, avoid other areas [such as Parasika-areas, Malaysia, Ceylon, Bihar, Assam, Eastern Coastal areas from Puri to the mouth of the Krishna River, the Punjab, places, of course, all given ancient nominations] (71b-79). Further, saṃskāra-sacraments are to be observed, either as outlined in Vedic treatments or in Pāñcarātra texts (80), The chapter closes with some miscellaneous and reiterated rules about pūjā, commensality, etc. (91-94a).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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