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Samādhi, aka: Samadhi; 13 Definition(s)

Samādhi means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Pali Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

13 Definition(s) from various sources:

Samādhi (समाधि).—Honourable or āryam, explained by Yayāti to Aṣṭaka;1 Bhṛgu in samādhi.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 41. 4: Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 25.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 193. 26.
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Samādhi (समाधि).—Total absorption and trance of the mind and senses in consciousness of the Supreme Godhead and service to Him. The word samādhi also refers to the tomb where a great soul's body is laid after his departure from this world.

Added: 21.Jan.2017 | ISKCON Press: Glossary
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Samādhi (समाधि, “completion”) is a Sanskrit word referring to “intense self-absorption”. It is one of the eight brances of yoga, also known as the eightfold-path (aṣṭānga). Also see the fifth section of the Varāha-upaniṣad.

In yoga philosophy, Samadhi represents the stage where the mediator merges with its object of focus and transcends the self altogether to a higher understanding.

Added: 21.Jan.2017 | Wisdom Library: Yoga
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The Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 7.3-6 teaches that rājayoga encompasses six types of Samādhi:

  1. dhyāna (prduced by śāmbhavīmudrā),
  2. nāda (prduced by khecarīmudrā),
  3. rasānanda (prduced by bhrāmarīmudrā),
  4. laya (prduced by yonimudrā),
  5. bhakti
  6. and manomūrcchā (‘trance’).
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Samādhi is of two kinds: meditation on Nirguṇa-Brahman results in nirvikalpaka samādhi, while meditation on Saguṇa-Brahman leads to savikalpaka samādhi.

Added: 28.Jan.2015 | Google Books: The Roots of Vedanta
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Samādhi, (fr. saṃ+ā+dhā) 1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of mind and meditation, which, concomitant with right living, is a necessary condition to the attainment of higher wisdom and emancipation. In the Subha-suttanta of the Dīgha (D. I, 209 sq.) samādhi-khandha (“section on concentration”) is the title otherwise given to the cittasampadā, which, in the ascending order of merit accruing from the life of a samaṇa (see Sāmaññaphala-suttanta, and cp. Dial. I. 57 sq.) stands between the sīla-sampadā and the paññā-sampadā. In the Ambaṭṭha-sutta the corresponding terms are sīla, caraṇa, vijjā (D. I. 100). Thus samādhi would comprise (a) the guarding of the senses (indriyesu gutta-dvāratā), (b) self-possession (sati-sampajañña), (c) contentment (santuṭṭhi), (d) emancipation from the 5 hindrances (nīvaraṇāni), (e) the 4 jhānas. In the same way we find samādhi grouped as one of the sampadās at A. III, 12 (sīla°, samādhi°, paññā°, vimutti°), and as samādhi-khandha (with sīla° & paññā°) at D. III, 229 (+vimutti°); A. I, 125; II, 20; III, 15; V, 326; Nd1 21; Nd2 p. 277 (s. v. sīla). It is defined as cittassa ekaggatā M. I, 301; Dhs. 15; DhsA. 118; cp. Cpd. 89 n. 4; identified with avikkhepa Dhs. 57, and with samatha Dhs. 54.—sammā° is one the constituents of the eightfold ariya-magga, e.g. D. III, 277; VbhA. 120 sq.—See further D. II, 123 (ariya); Vin. I, 97, 104; S. I, 28; Nd1 365; Miln. 337; Vism. 84 sq. (with definition), 289 (+vipassanā), 380 (°vipphārā iddhi); VbhA. 91; DhA. I, 427; and on term in general Heiler, Buddhistische Versenkung 104 sq.—2. Description & characterization of samādhi: Its four nimittas or signs are the four satipaṭṭhānas M. I, 301; six conditions and six hindrances A. III, 427; other hindrances M. III, 158. The second jhāna is born from samādhi D. II, 186; it is a condition for attaining kusalā dhammā A. I, 115; Miln. 38; conducive to insight A. III, 19, 24 sq. , 200; S. IV, 80; to seeing heavenly sights etc. D. I, 173; to removing mountains etc. A. III, 311; removes the delusions of self A. I, 132 sq.; leads to Arahantship A. II, 45; the ānantarika s. Sn. 226; cetosamādhi (rapture of mind) D. I, 13; A. II, 54; III, 51; S. IV, 297; citta° id. Nett 16. dhammasamādhi almost identical with samatha S. IV, 350 sq.—Two grades of samādhi distinguished, viz. upacāra-s. (preparatory concentration) and appanā-s. (attainment concentration) DA. I, 217; Vism. 126; Cpd. 54, 56 sq.; only the latter results in jhāna; to these a 3rd (preliminary) grade is added as khaṇika° (momentary) at Vism. 144.—Three kinds of s. are distinguished, suññata or empty, appaṇihita or aimless, and animitta or signless A. I, 299; S. IV, 360; cp. IV. 296; Vin. III, 93; Miln. 337; cp. 333 sq.; DhsA. 179 sq. , 222 sq. , 290 sq.; see Yogāvacara’s Manual p. xxvii; samādhi (tayo samādhī) is savitakka savicāra, avitakka vicāramatta or avitakka avicāra D. III, 219; Kvu 570; cp. 413; Miln. 337; DhsA. 179 sq.; it is fourfold chanda-, viriya-, citta-, and vīmaṃsā-samādhi D. II, 213; S. V, 268.—Another fourfold division is that into hāna-bhāgiya, ṭhiti°, visesa°, nibbedha° D. III, 277 (as “dhammā duppaṭivijjhā”).

—indriya the faculty of concentration A. II, 149; Dhs. 15. —khandha the section on s. see above 1. —ja produced by concentration D. I, 74; III, 13; Vism. 158. —parikkhāra requisite to the attainment of samādhi: either 4 (the sammappadhānas) M. I, 301; or 7: D. II, 216; III, 252; A. IV, 40. —bala the power of concentration A. I, 94; II, 252; D. III, 213, 253; Dhs. 28. —bhāvanā cultivation, attainment of samādhi M. I, 301; A. II, 44 sq. (four different kinds mentioned); III, 25 sq.; D. III, 222; Vism. 371. —saṃvattanika conducive to concentration A. II, 57; S. IV, 272 sq.; D. III, 245; Dhs. 1344. —sambojjhaṅga the s. constituent of enlightment D. III, 106, 226, 252; Vism. 134=VbhA. 283 (with the eleven means of cultivating it). (Page 685)

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samādhi : (m.) meditation; onepointedness of the mind.

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Samādhi (समाधि): A term used in yogic meditation. Samadhi is also the Hindi word for a structure commemorating the dead.

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concentration;

Added: 26.Feb.2011 | Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
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'concentration'; lit. 'the (mental) state of being firmly fixed' (sam+ā+Ö hā),

is the fixing of the mind on a single object.

"One-pointedness of mind (cittass' ekaggatā), Brother Visakha, this is called concentration" (M. 44).

Concentration - though often very weak - is one of the 7 mental concomitants inseparably associated with all consciousness. Cf. nāma, cetanā.

Right concentration (sammā-samādhi), as the last link of the 8-fold Path (s. magga), is defined as the 4 meditative absorptions (jhāna). In a wider sense, comprising also much weaker states of concentration, it is associated with all karmically wholesome (kusala) consciousness. Wrong concentration (micchā-samādhi) is concentration associated with all karmically unwholesome (akusala) consciousness. Wherever in the texts this term is not differentiated by 'right' or 'wrong', there 'right' concentration is meant .

In concentration one distinguishes 3 grades of intensity:

  • (1) 'Preparatory concentration' (parikamma-samādhi) existing at the beginning of the mental exercise.

  • (2) 'Neighbourhood concentration' (upacāra-samādhi), i.e. concentration 'approaching' but not yet attaining the 1st absorption (jhāna), which in certain mental exercises is marked by the appearance of the so-called 'counter-image' (patibhāga-nimitta).

  • (3) 'Attainment concentration' (appanā-samādhi), i.e. that concentration which is present during the absorptions. (App.)

Further details, s. bhāvana, Vis.M. III and Fund. IV.

Concentration connected with the 4 noble path-moments (magga), and fruition-moments (phala), is called supermundane (lokuttara), having Nibbāna as object. Any other concentration, even that of the sublimest absorptions is merely mundane (lokiya).

According to D.33, the development of concentration (samādhi-bhāvanā) may procure a 4-fold blessing:

  • (1) present happiness through the 4 absorptions;

  • (2) knowledge and vision (ñāna-dassana) - here probably identical with the 'divine eye' (s. abhiññā) through perception of light (kasina);

  • (3) mindfulness and clear comprehension through the clear knowledge of the arising, persisting and vanishing of feelings, perceptions and thoughts;

  • (4) extinction of all cankers (āsavakkhaya) through understanding the arising and passing away of the 5 groups forming the objects of clinging (s. khandha).

Concentration is one of the 7 factors of enlightenment (bojjhanga), one of the 5 spiritual faculties and powers (s. bala), and the last link of the 8-fold Path.

In the 3-fold division of the 8-fold Path (morality, concentration and wisdom), it is a collective name for the three last links of the path (s. sikkhā).

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M (Calm, serenity). Clarity of the mind caused by a sharp concentration that is the fruit of a sustained training.

Added: 26.Apr.2009 | Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Sanskrit word for meditation. See Meditation and Contemplation.
Added: 27.Sep.2008 | Buddhist Door: Glossary
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Concentration; the practice of centering the mind in a single sensation or preoccupation, usually to the point of jhana.
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Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 212 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samma Samadhi
1) Sammā, 2 (indecl.) (Vedic samyac (=samyak) & samīś “connected, in one”; see under saṃ°) tho...
Samadhi Sutta
Samādhi, (fr. saṃ+ā+dhā) 1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of min...
Samadhi Vagga
Samādhi, (fr. saṃ+ā+dhā) 1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of min...
Samadhi Samyutta
Samādhi, (fr. saṃ+ā+dhā) 1. concentration; a concentrated, self-collected, intent state of min...
Upacara Samadhi
'neighbourhood or access-concentration', is the degree of concentration just before entering an...
Appanā Samādhi
'attainment concentration' or 'full concentration' (from apeti, to fix), is the concentration ...
Parikamma Samādhi
'preparatory concentration', is the initial and still undeveloped concentration of mind; s. sam...
Cittasamādhi
Cittasamādhi—(cp. ceto-samādhi) concentration of mind, collectedness of thought, self-...
Thiti Bhāgiya Sīla Samādhi Paññā
'static morality, static concentration, static wisdom'; s. hāna-bhāgiya-sīla.
Samādhi Vipphārā Iddhi
the 'power of penetrating concentration', is one of the magical faculties (iddhi).
Samādhi Parikkhāra
'means, or requisites of concentration', are the 4 foundations of mindfulness (satipatthāna). S...
Samādhi Sambojjhanga
'concentration as factor of enlightenment' (s. bojjhanga).
Samādhi Samāpatti Kusalatā
-thiti-kusalatā, -utthānakusalatā: skilfulness in entering into concentration, in remaining in ...
Sīla Samādhi Paññā
s. sikkhā, magga.
Śūraṃgamasamādhisūtra
Śūraṃgamasamādhisūtra, (“The Concentration of Heroic Progress: An Early Mahayana Buddh...

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