Sakshin, Sākṣin: 11 definitions


Sakshin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sākṣin can be transliterated into English as Saksin or Sakshin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्) refers to the “cosmic witness”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa chapter 2.1.4:—“[...] different from Māyā, the pure Being in the form of Śiva is the Sākṣin (cosmic witness) and moving about according to His Will and indulging in divine sport He blesses his devotees”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Himalayan Academy: Dancing with Siva

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्) refers to an “eye witness”.—Awareness, the witness consciousness of the soul. Known as nef in the mystical Nātha language of Ṣūm. See: awareness, chit, consciousness (individual), Ṣūm, soul.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sākṣin.—(EI 3, 23; SITI), a witness; an eye-witness. Note: sākṣin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्).—a. (-ṇī f.) [सह अक्षि अस्य (saha akṣi asya); साक्षाद् द्रष्टा साक्षी वा (sākṣād draṣṭā sākṣī vā) P.V.2.91]

1) Seeing, observing, witnessing.

2) Attesting, testifying. -m.

1) A witness, an observer, an eye-witness; फलं पःसाक्षिषु दृष्टमेष्वपि (phalaṃ paḥsākṣiṣu dṛṣṭameṣvapi) Kumārasambhava 5.6; साक्षित्वमस्य पुरुषस्य (sākṣitvamasya puruṣasya) Saṃkhya K.19; Manusmṛti 8.18.

2) The Supreme Being.

3) (In phil.) The Ego.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्).—mfn. (-kṣī-kṣiṇī-kṣi) 1. Witnessing, seeing, an eye-witness. 2. Attesting, testifying, evidence. m. (-kṣī) A witness, (in law.) E. sa for saha with, (in presence of,) akṣi the eye, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्).—i. e. sa-akṣa + in, I. adj., f. iṇī. 1. Witnessing, having witnessed, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 62. 2. Attesting. Ii. m. A witness, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 93; with gen. and loc., [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] ii. 3, 39.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्).—[masculine] on-looker, observer, eye-witness, witness i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sākṣin (साक्षिन्):—[from sākṣa] mfn. seeing with the eyes, observing, witnessing

2) [v.s. ...] an eye-witness, witness (in law) of or to ([genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. (in [philosophy]) the Ego or subject (as opp. to the object or to that which is external to the mind, [Aṣṭāvakra-saṃhitā]; cf. sākṣi-mātra)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a man (also [plural]), [Saṃskārakaustubha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्):—[(kṣī-kṣiṇī-kṣi) a.] Witnessing, attesting. m. A witness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sākṣin (साक्षिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sakkhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sakshin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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