Sakkaya, aka: Sakkāya; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sakkaya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

F (Groups of namas and rupas). Self inherent existence of mental and physical phenomena.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

s. Sakkāya (“personality”). For personality-belief, s. sakkāya ditthi, ditthi, attā, satta, puggala, vipallāsa.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'existing group', 'this word is usually translated by 'personality',

but according to the commentaries it corresponds to sat-kāya, 'existing group', hence not to Sanskrit sva-kāya, 'own group' or 'own body'.

In the suttas (e.g. M.44) it is said to be a name for the 5 groups of existence (khandha):

"Sakkāya, o Brother Visākha, is said by the Blessed One to be a name for the 5 'groups as objects of clinging' (upādāna-kkhandha), to wit: corporeality, feeling, perception, mental formations, and consciousness." - See foll.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Abhidhamma

Sakkaya means the five aggregates which really exist.

(Source): This is Myanmar: The Doctrine of Paticcasammupada
Abhidhamma book cover
context information

Abhidhamma (अभिधम्म) usually refers to the last section (piṭaka) of the Pali canon and includes schematic classifications of scholastic literature dealing with Theravāda Buddhism. Primary topics include psychology, philosophy, methodology and metaphysics which are rendered into exhaustive enumerations and commentaries.

Pali

sakkāya : (m.) the existing body.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sakkāya, (sat+kāya, cp. BSk. satkāya Divy 46; AvŚ I. 85. See on expln of term Mrs. Rh. D. in J. R. A. S. 1894, 324; Franke Dīgha trsln p. 45; Geiger P. Gr. § 241; Kern. Toev. II. 52) the body in being, the existing body or group (=—nikāya q. v.); as a t. t. in P. psychology almost equal to individuality; identified with the five khandhas M. I, 299; S. III, 159; IV, 259; A. II, 34; Th. 2, 170, 239; DhsA. 348. See also D. III, 216 (cp. Dial. III, 2161); A. III, 293, 401; Nd1 109.

—diṭṭhi theory of soul, heresy of individuality, speculation as to the eternity or otherwise of one’s own individuality M. I, 300=III, 17=DhS 1003, S. III, 16 sq. In these passages this is explained as the belief that in one or other of the khandhas there is a permanent entity, an attā. The same explanation, at greater length, in the Diṭṭhigata Sutta (Ps. I, 143—151). As delusions about the soul or ghost can arise out of four sorts of bias (see abhinivesa) concerning each of the five khandhas, we have twenty kinds of s° diṭṭhi: fifteen of these are kinds of sakkāya-vatthukā sassata-diṭṭhi, and five are kinds of s°-vatthukā uccheda-diṭṭhi (ibid. 149, 150). Gods as well as men are s° pariyāpannā S. III, 85; and so is the eye, DhsA. 308. When the word diṭṭhi is not expressed it is often implied, Th. 2, 199, 339; Sn. 231. S° diṭṭhi is the first Bond to be broken on entering the Path (see saṃyojana); it is identical with the fourth kind of Grasping (see upādāna); it is opposed to Nibbāna, S. IV, 175; is extinguished by the Path, M. I, 299; S. III, 159; IV, 260; and is to be put away by insight DhsA. 346.—See further: D. III, 234; A. III, 438; IV, 144 sq.; Kvu 81; Sn. 950; Dhs. 1003; and on term Dhs. trsln § 1003; K. S. III, 80, n. 3. —nirodha the destruction of the existing body or of individuality A. II, 165 sq.; III, 246; D. III, 216. —samudaya the rise of individuality D. III, 216; Nd1 109. (Page 660)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 31 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sakkaya Ditthi
Sakkaya (Sa or Santo, that means which really exists, and Kaya, aggregate) means the five ag...
Sakkaya Sutta
Sakkāya, (sat+kāya, cp. BSk. satkāya Divy 46; AvŚ I. 85. See on expln of term Mrs. Rh. D. in J...
Ditthi
Diṭṭhi, (f.) (Sk. dṛṣṭi; cp. dassana) view, belief, dogma, theory, speculation, esp. false the...
Jiva
Jīva (जीव).—How many categories of sentients/ soul / jīva / ātma are there? There are two main ...
Nirodha
nirōdha (निरोध).—m nirōdhana n Restraining; restraint. Obstructing. Restraining, confining, che...
Samyojana
saṃyōjana (संयोजन).—n Uniting, joining.
Upadana
upādāna (उपादान).—n Taking or accepting; the immediate cause.
Anagami
In Buddhism, an anāgāmi ("non-returning") is a partially enlightened person who ha...
Anta
anta (अंत).—m (S) End, termination, conclusion. 2 Death. 3 In nidāna or pathology. The fifth di...
Anta Sutta
1) Anta, 3 (nt.) (Vedic āntra, contr. fr. antara inner = Lat. interus, Gr. e)/ntera intestines)...
Asivisa Sutta
Āsīvisa, Derivation uncertain. The BSk. āsīviṣa (e.g. Jtm 3161) is a Sanskritisation of the Pal...
Ahetuka Ditthi
Branch of Sakkaya Ditthi; Ahetuka Ditthi is the total denial of law of Causality or in other...
Siha Sutta
Sīha, (Vedic siṃha) 1. a lion D. II, 255; S. I, 16; A. II, 33, 245; III, 121; Sn. 72; J. I...
Nirodha Sutta
Nirodha, (BSk. nirodha, to nirundhati, cp. nirujjhati & niruddha) oppression, suppression; des...
Natthika Ditthi
Branch of Sakkaya Ditthi; Natthika Ditthi: is the wrong view which denies both the Law of Ca...

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