Sakkaya, Sakkāya: 7 definitions


Sakkaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

F (Groups of namas and rupas). Self inherent existence of mental and physical phenomena.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

s. Sakkāya (“personality”). For personality-belief, s. sakkāya ditthi, ditthi, attā, satta, puggala, vipallāsa.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'existing group', 'this word is usually translated by 'personality',

but according to the commentaries it corresponds to sat-kāya, 'existing group', hence not to Sanskrit sva-kāya, 'own group' or 'own body'.

In the suttas (e.g. M.44) it is said to be a name for the 5 groups of existence (khandha):

"Sakkāya, o Brother Visākha, is said by the Blessed One to be a name for the 5 'groups as objects of clinging' (upādāna-kkhandha), to wit: corporeality, feeling, perception, mental formations, and consciousness." - See foll.

Source: This is Myanmar: The Doctrine of Paticcasammupada

Sakkaya means the five aggregates which really exist.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sakkaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakkāya : (m.) the existing body.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sakkāya, (sat+kāya, cp. BSk. satkāya Divy 46; AvŚ I. 85. See on explanation of term Mrs. Rh. D. in J. R. A. S. 1894, 324; Franke Dīgha translation p. 45; Geiger P. Gr. § 241; Kern. Toev. II. 52) the body in being, the existing body or group (=—nikāya q. v.); as a t. t. in P. psychology almost equal to individuality; identified with the five khandhas M. I, 299; S. III, 159; IV, 259; A. II, 34; Th. 2, 170, 239; DhsA. 348. See also D. III, 216 (cp. Dial. III, 2161); A. III, 293, 401; Nd1 109.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sakkaya (सक्कय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃskṛta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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