Sakkaya, aka: Sakkāya; 6 Definition(s)


Sakkaya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

F (Groups of namas and rupas). Self inherent existence of mental and physical phenomena.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

s. Sakkāya (“personality”). For personality-belief, s. sakkāya ditthi, ditthi, attā, satta, puggala, vipallāsa.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'existing group', 'this word is usually translated by 'personality',

but according to the commentaries it corresponds to sat-kāya, 'existing group', hence not to Sanskrit sva-kāya, 'own group' or 'own body'.

In the suttas (e.g. M.44) it is said to be a name for the 5 groups of existence (khandha):

"Sakkāya, o Brother Visākha, is said by the Blessed One to be a name for the 5 'groups as objects of clinging' (upādāna-kkhandha), to wit: corporeality, feeling, perception, mental formations, and consciousness." - See foll.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Sakkaya means the five aggregates which really exist.

(Source): This is Myanmar: The Doctrine of Paticcasammupada
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

sakkāya : (m.) the existing body.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sakkāya, (sat+kāya, cp. BSk. satkāya Divy 46; AvŚ I. 85. See on expln of term Mrs. Rh. D. in J. R. A. S. 1894, 324; Franke Dīgha trsln p. 45; Geiger P. Gr. § 241; Kern. Toev. II. 52) the body in being, the existing body or group (=—nikāya q. v.); as a t. t. in P. psychology almost equal to individuality; identified with the five khandhas M. I, 299; S. III, 159; IV, 259; A. II, 34; Th. 2, 170, 239; DhsA. 348. See also D. III, 216 (cp. Dial. III, 2161); A. III, 293, 401; Nd1 109.

—diṭṭhi theory of soul, heresy of individuality, speculation as to the eternity or otherwise of one’s own individuality M. I, 300=III, 17=DhS 1003, S. III, 16 sq. In these passages this is explained as the belief that in one or other of the khandhas there is a permanent entity, an attā. The same explanation, at greater length, in the Diṭṭhigata Sutta (Ps. I, 143—151). As delusions about the soul or ghost can arise out of four sorts of bias (see abhinivesa) concerning each of the five khandhas, we have twenty kinds of s° diṭṭhi: fifteen of these are kinds of sakkāya-vatthukā sassata-diṭṭhi, and five are kinds of s°-vatthukā uccheda-diṭṭhi (ibid. 149, 150). Gods as well as men are s° pariyāpannā S. III, 85; and so is the eye, DhsA. 308. When the word diṭṭhi is not expressed it is often implied, Th. 2, 199, 339; Sn. 231. S° diṭṭhi is the first Bond to be broken on entering the Path (see saṃyojana); it is identical with the fourth kind of Grasping (see upādāna); it is opposed to Nibbāna, S. IV, 175; is extinguished by the Path, M. I, 299; S. III, 159; IV, 260; and is to be put away by insight DhsA. 346.—See further: D. III, 234; A. III, 438; IV, 144 sq.; Kvu 81; Sn. 950; Dhs. 1003; and on term Dhs. trsln § 1003; K. S. III, 80, n. 3. —nirodha the destruction of the existing body or of individuality A. II, 165 sq.; III, 246; D. III, 216. —samudaya the rise of individuality D. III, 216; Nd1 109. (Page 660)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

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