Wisdom Library Logo

Saketa, aka: Sāketa; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Saketa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Sāketa (साकेत).—Is Ayodhyā; sometime ruled by the Nāgas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 54. 54; 74. 195.

1b) A Janapada over which the Guptas ruled.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 383.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

A town in Kosala. It was regarded in the Buddhas time as one of the six great cities of India, the others being Campa, Rajagaha, Savatthi, Kosambi and Benares (D.ii.146). It was probably the older capital of Kosala, and is mentioned as such in the Nandiyamiga Jataka. J.iii.270; cf. Mtu.i.348, 349, 350, where it is called the capital of King Sujata of the Sakyan race. See also the Kumbha Jataka (J.ii.13), where Saketa is mentioned as one of the places into which alcohol was introduced quite soon after its discovery by Sura and Varuna. According to the Mahanarada Kassapa Jataka (J.vi.228), it was the birthplace of Bijaka, aeons ago. In this context it is called Saketa. According to a tradition, recorded in the Mahavastu, Saketa was the city from which Sakyan princes were exiled when they founded Kapilavatthu. E. J. Thomas accepts this view (op. cit., 16f.).

The Dhammapada Commentary (DhA.i.386), however, states that the city was founded in the Buddhas time by Dhananjaya, father of Visakha, when, at the special invitation of Pasenadi, he went from Rajagaha to live in Kosala. On the way to Savatthi with Pasenadi, Dhananjaya pitched his camp for the night, and learning from the king that the site of the camp was in Kosalan territory and seven leagues from Savatthi, Dhananjaya obtained the kings permission to found a city there. And because the site was first inhabited in the evening (sayam), the city came to be called Saketa. The Divyavadana (211) has another explanation of the name, in connection with the coronation of Mandhata (Svayam agatam svayam agatam Saketa Saketam iti sanjna samvrtta).

The reference is probably to a new settlement established by Dhananjaya in the old city.

We also learn from the Visuddhimagga (p.390; but see below) that the distance from Saketa to Savatthi was seven leagues (yojanas), and there we are told that when the Buddha, at the invitation of Cula subhadda, went from Savatthi to Saketa, he resolved that the citizens of the two cities should be able to see each other. In the older books (E.g., Vin.i.253) however, the distance is given as six leagues. The town lay on the direct route between Savatthi and Patitthana, and is mentioned (SN.vss.1011 1013) as the first stopping place out of Savatthi. The distance between the two places could be covered in one day, with seven relays of horses (M.i.149), but the books contain several references (E.g., Vin.i.88, 89, 270; iii.212; iv. 63, 120) to the dangers of the journey when undertaken on foot. The road was infested with robbers, and the king had to maintain soldiers to protect travellers.

Midway between Saketa and Savatthi was Toranavatthu, and it is said (S.iv.374 ff) that, when Pasenadi went from the capital to Saketa, he spent a night in Toranavatthu, where be visited Khema Theri who lived there.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Relevant definitions

Search found 48 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Saketa Jataka
1. Saketa Jataka (No. 68). Once, when the Buddha visited Saketa, an old brahmin met him at th...
Saketa Panha
The Atthasalini (DhSA.267) mentions that once the Elder Tipitaka Mahadhammarakkhita, in talki...
Saketa Tissa
He was not fond of learning, saying that he had no time for it. When asked by the others, Hav...
Uttara
Uttara (उत्तर, “northern”) refers to “inhabitants of the north”, who are usually to be represen...
Uposatha
Uposatha, (Vedic upavasatha, the eve of the Soma sacrifice, day of preparation). At the time of...
Bhūta
Bhūta (भूत).—Bhūtas are known to be of various colours (varṇa). They are dwarfs with odd faces ...
Nāga
Nāga (नाग).—Description of a women of nāga type;—A woman who has a pointed nose and sharp teeth...
Śrāvasti
Śrāvasti (श्रावस्ति).—The city built by Śrāvasta of the Ikṣvāku line; capital of Uttarako...
Kalaka
Kālaka (कालक).—Kālakāchāryā was a much venerated Jaina Guru according to the Śvetambara sect. M...
Kośala
Kosala (कोसल) is the name of a country situated within the Dākṣiṇāpatha (Deccan) region. Countr...
Megha
Megha (मेघ) is the father of Sumati according to Śvetāmbara (according to Digambara he is named...
Vana
Vana (वन).—A son of Uśīnara.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3.
Dhanañjaya
Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—A name for Arjuna meaning “he who attains great wealth by c...
Jantu
Jantu (जन्तु):—One of the sons of Somaka (one of the four sons of Mitrāyu). (see Bhāga...
Anjana Vana
A garden at Saketa. In it was a Deer park where the Buddha used to stay. On one such occasion...

Relevant text

Search found 21 books containing Saketa or Sāketa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.