Sainika: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Sainika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sainik.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sainika (सैनिक) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Kāma said to Brahmā: “[...] O dear friend, I shall cause the downfall of that enemy of yours who is performing a severe penance to usurp your position. [...] The sentiment of love is my commander-in-chief. The coquettish gestures and emotions are my soldiers [i.e., sainika]. All these are soft and gentle. O Indra, I too am of that sort. An intelligent man shall put together things that are mutually complementary. You shall therefore engage me in a task that accords with my capacity”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sainika (सैनिक).—A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 43.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sainika (सैनिक) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “One should institute a great sacrifice at times of great fear, when in conflict with a powerful enemy, when the land is afflicted with drought, when locusts and soldiers [i.e., sainika] come (to ravage it), when (one seeks to) remedy disease and suffering, when there is a fight between relatives for kingdom, when the king is deposed, during solitary combat in a great battle, in order to (get a) son, when one fails to gets a young virgin (bride), during a marriage, in order to gain victory, (or) when a fort is under attack. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sainika (सैनिक).—a S Relating to an army, military. 2 Belonging to an army, a military man, a soldier. Ex. sainika tēthēṃ || rāghavāpuḍhēṃ dhāvati ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sainika (सैनिक).—a Military; a military man, a soldier.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sainika (सैनिक).—a. (- f.) [सेनायां समवैति ठक् (senāyāṃ samavaiti ṭhak)]

1) Relating to an army.

2) Martial, military.

-kaḥ 1 A soldier; पपात भूमौ सह सैनिकाश्रुभिः (papāta bhūmau saha sainikāśrubhiḥ) R.3.61.

2) A guard, sentinel.

3) The body of troops drawn up in battle-array; तयोरुपान्तस्थितसिद्धसैनिकम् (tayorupāntasthitasiddhasainikam) R.3.57.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainika (सैनिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating or belonging to an army, drawn up as an army, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A guard, a sentinel, a picket. 2. A body of forces in array. E. senā an array, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainika (सैनिक).—i. e. senā + ika, I. adj. Belonging or relating to an army. Ii. m. 1. A soldier, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 82; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 430. 2. A guard, a picket. 3. A body of forces in array.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainika (सैनिक).—[adjective] belonging to an army; [masculine] soldier, warrior.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sainika (सैनिक):—[from sainaka] mfn. relating or belonging to an army, military, martial, drawn up in martial array, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. an army-man, soldier, guard, sentinel, a body of forces in array, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Śambara, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainika (सैनिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Of an army; drawn up as one. m. A guard, sentinel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sainika (सैनिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Seṇiga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sainika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sainika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sainika (सैनिक) [Also spelled sainik]:—(nm) a soldier; (a) military, pertaining to the army; soldier-like; —[krāṃti] military revolution; —[tānāśāha] military dictator; —[tānāśāhī] military dictatorship; —[niraṃkuśatā] military autocracy; —[nyāyālaya] military court; —[bala/śakti] armed might; armament; —[rāja] military rule; ~[vāda] militarism; ~[vādī] a militarist; militaristic; —[vidroha] military revolt; —[vyavasthā] military set-up/system; —[śāsana] military rule; —[sattā] military authority.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sainika (ಸೈನಿಕ):—[verb] of, related to, fit for, done by soldiers or the armed forces; military.

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Sainika (ಸೈನಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a large organised body of soldiers for waging war; an army.

2) [noun] a man serving in an army; a member of an army; a soldier.

3) [noun] (pros.) a metrical verse having in each line three groups of three syllables followed by a short and a long syllables (-u-, u-u, -u-, u,-).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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