Saindhava: 19 definitions

Introduction

Saindhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Saindhava (सैन्धव) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Saindhava) various roles suitable to them.

2) Saindhava (सैन्धव) is another name for Sindhu, a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

3) Saindhava (सैन्धव) refers to one of the twelve types of lāsya, or “gentle form of dance” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 20. It is also known by the name Saindhavaka. These various lāsya are presented as a specific type of dramatic play (nāṭya) similar to that of the Bhāṇa type

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saindhava in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Saindhava (सैन्धव).—A disciple of the hermit Śaunaka. (See under Guruparamparā).

2) Saindhava (सैन्धव).—Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 25, that the inhabitants of the kingdom of Sindhu were called Saindhavas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saindhava (सैन्धव).—The king of Sindhu country could not defeat Arjuna supported by Kṛṣṇa;1 killed Abhimanyu during the Kurukṣetra war but was slain by Arjuna; see Jayadratha.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa 1. 15. 16.
  • 2) Ib. X. 78 [95 (v) 30], 35.

1b) The horse of the Sind on which Sudyumna rode to the northern forests.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 23.

1c) (c) a kingdom watered by the Sindhu; noted for horses.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 48; IV. 17. 27; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 47.

1d) A disciple of Śaunaka; again divided the saṃhitā into two parts and gave to Muñjakeśa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 46; 61. 53; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 12.

1e) Were enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus;1 country of the.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [50 (v) 3].
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saindhava (सैन्धव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.19) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saindhava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Saindhava refers to “rock-salt”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saindhava in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya

Saindhava refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Saindhava corresponds to the Sindh, around or beyond the Indus.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saindhava in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Saindhava (सैन्धव) or Lavaṇa refers to “salt”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We cannot see any reference to the salt in Ṛgveda. But most of the non-Ṛgvedic Saṃhitas, Brāhmaṇas and Upaniṣads refer to salt in the name of lavaṇa or saindhava.

Saindhava or “rock-salt” is mentioned as being beneficial (hita) to the body according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala in the dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana, which contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. Here In the lavaṇa (salts) group saindhava (rock-salt) is mentioned as beneficial to the body (hita).

2) Saindhava (सैन्धव) refers to the Sindhu region mentioned in a list of regions.—According to the author people living in different regions [viz., Saindhava and Āndhraka] have their own nourishing foodstuffs [viz., matsya (fish)]. Such foodstuffs are more beneficial for them.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Saindhava (सैन्धव) refers to “rock salt”, and is employed in the treatment of poison (viṣa), such as that resulting from maṇḍali (viperine snake-bites) and maṇḍaliviṣa, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The third chapter covers maṇḍali (viperine) snake treatment. [...] Vegānusāra-cikitsā (stage wise treatment), specific symptoms and treatment of 16 types of maṇḍali snakes are explained here. E.g.: In rakta-maṇḍali bite, bleeding from nose and mouth, foul smell, deep enmity, hatred, fainting etc. will be seen. When these are the symptoms, curd, trikaṭu (three pungents), saindhava (rock salt), butter, honey and Kuṣṭha (Saussurea lappa) should be mixed and used internally. Management of complications in maṇḍali viṣa also has been explained. Management of complications in maṇḍaliviṣa also has been explained. [...]

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saindhava in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Saindhava (सैन्धव) is the name of a country classified as Hādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Saindhava] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Saindhava (सैन्धव, ‘coming from the Indus’) is a term applied to ‘water’ in the Taittirīya-saṃhitā, to Guggulu in the Atharvaveda, to a ‘horse’ in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (xi. 5. 5. 12), and to ‘salt’ in the same text.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Saindhava (सैंधव): Jayadratha.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saindhava in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saindhava (सैंधव).—n m (S) Rock-salt. 2 m A horse.

--- OR ---

saindhava (सैंधव).—a S Relating to the sea, marine, oceanic. 2 Relating to the river Sindh (Indus) or to the country Sindh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saindhava (सैंधव).—n m Rock-salt. m A horse. a Marine.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saindhava in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saindhava (सैन्धव).—a. (- f.) सिन्धुनदीसमीपे देशे भवः अण् (sindhunadīsamīpe deśe bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Produced or born in the Sindhu-territory.

2) Belonging to the Indus.

3) River-born.

4) Belonging to the sea, oceanic, marine.

-vaḥ 1 A horse, especially one bred in Sindhu; दीर्घग्रीवा मुखालम्बमेहनाः पृथुलोचनाः । महान्तस्तनुरोमाणो वलिनः सैन्धवा हयाः (dīrghagrīvā mukhālambamehanāḥ pṛthulocanāḥ | mahāntastanuromāṇo valinaḥ saindhavā hayāḥ) || 'com. Mb.7.23.24; जिनोक्तिषु श्राद्ध- तयैव सैन्धवाः (jinoktiṣu śrāddha- tayaiva saindhavāḥ) N.1.71; धावद्भिरसिधाराभिः शकलीकृतसैन्धवाः (dhāvadbhirasidhārābhiḥ śakalīkṛtasaindhavāḥ) Śiva B.22.33.

2) Name of a sage.

3) Name of a country.

4) Name of Jayadratha, the king of Sindh; क्रोधादुक्तं सैन्धवे चार्जुनेन (krodhāduktaṃ saindhave cārjunena) Mb.1.1.192.

-vaḥ, -vam A kind of rock-salt.

-vāḥ m. pl.

1) The people inhabiting the Sindhu territory.

2) (In drama) A kind of Prākṛt song.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saindhava (सैन्धव).—m. (or nt., doubtless = sindhava, q.v.), a musical instrument, probably a kind of drum: mṛdaṅgam āliṅga-saindhavāṃ paṇavāṃ Mahāvastu iii.82.3 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saindhava (सैन्धव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) 1. Produced or born in Sindh. 2. Marine, aquatic, ocean or river-born. m.

(-vaḥ) A horse, (bred in Sindhu.) mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) Rock-salt. n.

(-vaṃ) In dramatic literature, musical expression of disappointment with Prakrit words. f. (-vī) One of the Raginis. E. sindhu a river, &c. aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saindhava (सैन्धव).—i. e. sindhu + a, I. adj. 1. Marine. 2. Produced or born in Sindh, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 96, 73. Ii. m. and n. Rock-salt. Iii. m. 1. A horse. 2. pl. The people of the country along the Indus, [Draupadīpramātha] 6, 6.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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