Sagala, Sāgala, Sāgalā, Shagala: 5 definitions


Sagala means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Shagal.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A city in India, capital of King Milinda (Mil.pp.1, 3, etc.).

In various Jatakas - e.g.,

the Kalingabodhi (J.iv.230) and the Kusa (J.v.283), and also in the scholiast of the Mahaummagga (, 473) -

Sagala is mentioned as the capital of the Madda kings. It was also evidently called Sakala. (E.g., Mahabharata 14, 32; tatah Sakalam abhyetva Madranam putabhedanam).

Sagala was the birthplace of Khema Theri, (ThigA.127; Ap.ii.546; AA.i.187) of Bhadda Kapilani, (ThigA.68; Ap.ii.583; AA.i.99) and of Queen Anoja (DhA.ii.116).

It is said (DhA.iii.281f.; cp. the story of Anitthigandha, a Pacceka Buddha, given in SNA.i.69) that when Aritthigandhakumara refused to marry any woman unless she resembled a golden image possessed by him, the messengers sent by his parents found a girl in Sagala who possessed the necessary requirements, but she was delicate, and died on her way from Sagala to Savatthi.

It is perhaps the same city which is mentioned in the Vinaya (Vin.iii.67) as the residence of Dalhika.

Sagala is identified with the modern Sialkot in the Paijab (Law, Geog. 53).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sāgala (सागल) is the name of a locality situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Milindapañho we are told that King Milinda (Menander), a powerful Graeco-Bactrian King, ruling over the Madda country with Sāgala as his capital became a convert to Buddhism. That Sāgala or Sākala (modern Sialkot in the Punjab) was the capital of the Madra country is also attested to by the Mahābhārata, as also by several Jātakas (cf. the Kāḷiṅgabodhi Jātaka and the Kusa Jātaka).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sagaḷā (सगळा).—a (sakala S) All or every one; the whole quantity or number. 2 Whole, entire, complete.

--- OR ---

sāgaḷa (सागळ).—f (chāgala S through H) Goatskin. It is prepared as leather and used for the upper part of shoes &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sagaḷā (सगळा).—a All or every one; whole, entire.

--- OR ---

sāgaḷa (सागळ).—f Goatskin.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śagala (शगल) [Also spelled shagal]:—(nm) a pastime, recreation; hobby; —[karanā] to recreate, to do a thing for recreation.

context information


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