Sadvritta, Sadvṛtta, Sat-vritta: 7 definitions
Sadvritta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Sadvṛtta can be transliterated into English as Sadvrtta or Sadvritta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Sadvṛtta (सद्वृत्त) refers to persons of “good qualities and conduct ”, which is preferred above the company of wicked people (durvṛtta), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, as Guṇanidhi, who was addicted to gambling (dyūta), was told by his mother as follows:—“[...] shun the company (saṃsarga) of the wicked people (durvṛtta), associate with good men (sādhusaṅgara), turn your attention to good learning (sadvidyā) and strictly adhere to Brahminical conventions (brāhmaṇācāra). [...] Why don’t you feel ashamed? Cast off your wickedness (durvṛtta). [...] Above all be devoted to your father (pitṛbhakti). You shall respect your father-in-law also, in view of his good qualities and conduct (sadvṛtta). How is it that you do not feel ashamed of wickedness (durvṛtta)?”.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Sadvṛtta (सद्वृत्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.14, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sadvṛtta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā
Sadvṛtta (सद्वृत्त) refers to the “principles of good conduct”, which would ensure freedom from disease (ārogya) and victory over the senses (indriyavijaya) according to the Carakasaṃhitā (sūtrasthāna). The principles of sadvṛtta (good conduct) help to maintain health and control the sense faculties. The sense faculties (indriyāṇi) get vitiated by inappropriate utilization of their respective objects, which are audition, touch, vision, taste and smell. Therefore, when there is excessive or wrong or absence of utilization of the objects, the sense faculties and the mind (sattva or cetas) are disturbed occasioning abnormal behaviour.
The principles of sadvṛtta do not embody only good values and moral principles but incorporates several other concerns, such as practical measures for preventing health hazards, social customs and conventions, good habits, relations within and outside the family, desirable type of friends, regulation of sexual behaviour, etc.,–in fact it covers the entire gamut of human life.
Apart from personal conduct, sadvṛtta is concerned with the regulation of social conduct. [...] Here, we mention some of the salient ones:
- Avoidance of speaking against the king; criticism of the gods, Brāhmaṇas and ancestors;
- Paying respects to teachers, Brāhmaṇas, the elderly, etc.
- To be the first to greet on meeting people with cheerfulness;
- Protecting the afflicted;
- Practice of charity;
- Protecting people in affliction;
- Speaking beneficially, at the appropriate time, words that are measured and pleasant;
- Friendliness to all creatures (etc.);
- To be compromising in nature and tolerant of unpalatable words of others;
- To refrain from taking over or coveting what belongs to others (etc.);
- To avoid the unvirtuous, traitors to the king, [...] servants of bad conduct (etc.);
- To take care of the servants;
By assiduously following the prescriptions of sadvṛtta, one lives, free of disease, for a hundred years and does not meet with untimely death. The rewards of a healthy life are praise of the good, fame, virtue, wealth, goodwill of all creatures, and finally, after death, a place in the excellent abode of all good souls
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sadvṛtta (सद्वृत्त).—a S Well-behaved, of correct manners or conduct. 2 Well-rounded, handsomely orbicular or circular.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sadvṛtta (सद्वृत्त).—a. (sadvṛtta) 1 wellbehaved, well conducted, virtuous, upright.
2) perfectly circular, well-rounded; सद्वृत्तः स्तनमण्डलस्तव कथं प्राणै- र्मम क्रीडति (sadvṛttaḥ stanamaṇḍalastava kathaṃ prāṇai- rmama krīḍati) Gīt.3 (where both senses are intended). (-ttam) 1 good or virtuous conduct.
2) an agreeable or amiable disposition.
Sadvṛtta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sat and vṛtta (वृत्त).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Amiable, well-behaved. 2. Moral, virtuous. 3. Well-rounded, handsomely orbicular. n.
(-ttaṃ) Amiableness, good or amiable disposition. E. sata good, and vṛtta selected, &c.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Sadvrittamuktavali.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Sadvritta, Sad-vritta, Sad-vṛtta, Sad-vrtta, Sadvṛtta, Sadvrtta, Sat-vritta, Sat-vṛtta, Sat-vrtta; (plurals include: Sadvrittas, vrittas, vṛttas, vrttas, Sadvṛttas, Sadvrttas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 17 - Good Life in Caraka < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 15 - Āyurveda Ethics < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)