Rupin, Rūpin: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Rupin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Rūpin (रूपिन्) refers to “one taking on the appearance” (e.g., ‘of a woman’), according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] One may perform the Block-of-Wood Observance in a forest full of bears, tigers and lions, conquering the urges to sleep and eat, [constantly] reciting. If one takes on the appearance of a woman (strī-rūpin) and sings and dances, adorned with bracelets, with a winnowing fan, ball and plait, one observes the Colourful Observance. With a weapon in hand, full of compassion, if one wanders like a saviour of creatures (?) focussed upon recitation, meditation and worship, one performs the Warrior Observance. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Rūpin (रूपिन्) refers to “that which has form”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “Without knowing if the ātman exists or does not exist, you are asking why one does not produce the idea of the ātman in regard to another. [The distinctions] between one’s own body (ātmakāya) and another’s body (parakāya) exist as a function of the Ātman. But the Ātman is non-existent. [The characteristics attributed to it]: having form (rūpin) or formless (arūpin), permanent (nitya) or impermanent (anitya), finite (antavat) or infinite (ananta), moveable (gantṛ) or motionless (agantṛ), cognizant (jñātṛ) or ignorant (ajñātṛ), active (kāraka) or inactive (akāraka), autonomous (svatantra) or non-autonomous (asvatantra): all these characteristics of the ātman do not exist, as we have said above in the chapter on the Ātman. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Rūpin (रूपिन्) (Cf. Arūpin) refers to “(that which is) material”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When this had been said, the Lord said to the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja: ‘Just as the sky is unlimited, in the same way, [the Bodhisattva] gives a gift making his mind endless. Just as the sky is extensive and without obstacle, in the same way, [the Bodhisattva] gives a gift as the transformation for awakening. Just as there is no material (arūpin) in the sky, thus, [the Bodhisattva] gives a gift not being dependent on any material. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rūpin, (adj.) (fr. rūpa) 1. having material qualities, possessed of form or shape or body or matter, belonging to the realm of form. rūpī is nearly always combined & contrasted with arūpī formless, incorporeal (see rūpa D 2 a), cp. combination rūpī arūpī saññī asaññī nevasaññinâsaññī Nd2 617 and similarly It. 87=Miln. 217.—D. I, 34 (attā dibbo rūpī), 77 (kāyo r. manomayo), 186 (attā etc.), 195 (attapaṭilābho r. manomayo); III, 111, 139; M. II, 229; S. III, 46 (r. arūpī saññī etc.); IV, 202, 402; A. II, 34; Nd1 97, 137; Ps. II, 38 (rūpī rūpāni passati); Dhs. 635, 1091, 1444; Vbh. 123, 342 (read rūpī); Nett 28 (pañc’indriyāni rūpīni), 69 (five rūpīni indriyāni & five arūpīni); DA. I, 119 (attā); DhsA. 304 (rūpino dhammā); VbhA. 511 sq. (attā).—2. (-°) having the appearance of, resembling: see rumma°. (Page 575)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rūpin (रूपिन्).—a. [rūpa-ini]

1) Appearing like.

2) Embodied; incarnate; सिन्धुः शिरस्यर्हणं परिगृह्य रूपी (sindhuḥ śirasyarhaṇaṃ parigṛhya rūpī) Bhāgavata 9.1.13; रूपी कोप इव व्याघ्रः (rūpī kopa iva vyāghraḥ) Dk.

3) Beautiful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpin (रूपिन्).—mfn. (-pī-pinī-pi) 1. Beautiful, having a handsome form or shape. 2. Having form or shape. E. rūpa, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpin (रूपिन्).—i. e. rūpa + in, adj., f. iṇī, 1. Having shape. 2. Beautiful, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 1, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpin (रूपिन्).—[adjective] = rūpavant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rūpin (रूपिन्):—[from rūp] mf(iṇī)n. having or assuming a [particular] form or figure, embodied, corporeal, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] having a beautiful form or figure, well-shaped, handsome, beautiful, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) having the form or nature or character of, characterised by, appearing as, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpin (रूपिन्):—[(pī-piṇī-pi) a.] Handsome.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rupin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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