Rupatraya, Rūpatraya, Rupa-traya: 1 definition

Introduction:

Rupatraya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Rūpatraya (रूपत्रय) refers to the “three forms of Lakṣmī”, as discussed in the seventh chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [lakṣmī-sudarśana-arcana-vidhi]:  Lakṣmī and Bhū are both aspects of Viṣṇu’s two-fold power on earth. [...] Lakṣmī takes on three forms [rūpatraya]—“yogalakṣmī” within the mole of Viṣṇu’s chest, “bhogalakṣmī” by His side and “vīralakṣmī” as she is seen as a separate icon in her own shrine. The first two forms are worshipped along with Viṣṇu Himself; the third form is to be worshipped with a separate liturgy (7-9). How this is done—where the shrine is located, decorated, how her image is to be modelled, how her presence invoked (23), the proper stotras of praise to be raised (48-61), special liturgies and festivals devoted solely to her, etc.—is given for when the shrine is part of a Viṣṇu temple [paratantra-pūjā] (10-68), and, even more elaborately, for when she is in a temple dedicated only to her [svatantra-pūjā] (69-90a). Bhūdevī may be worshipped in the same way (90b). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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