Rudrasarga, Rudra-sarga: 4 definitions


Rudrasarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rudrasarga in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Rudrasarga (रुद्रसर्ग) refers to the “creation of Rudra”, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa (chapter 23): one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, “Brahmā created five sons like himself. They are Sarātana, Sanaka, Sanandana, Śaṃbhu and Sanatkumāra. But these five sons of Brahmā were not intent upon creating progeny; They remained maditating on Śiva. Seeing them indifferent towards creating progeny, Prajāpati practised austere penance. After a long time Prajāpati became faint out of anger. Then Hara was created differentiating the forehead of Brahmā. As he was born weeping therefore he is called Rudra. He has other seven names—Bhava, Śarva, Īśāna, Paśupati, Bhīma, Ugra and Mahādeva.”

2) Rudrasarga (रुद्रसर्ग) refers to the “creation of Rudra”, according, according to Pañcalakṣaṇa text (cf. “I. Abschnitt, Textgruppe II A.7. Kapitel of Das Purāṇa”)—birth of Sanatkumāra, Sanaka, Sanandana and Sanatana doesn’t satisfy Brahmā whose desire is that the race should continue. These sages inspired with holy wisdom are callous to create progeny. Being disgusted Brahmā becomes extremely angry and from his forehead Rudra appears who is half male and half female. After commading Rudra to divide himself into two—male and female parts Brahmā disappears. In obedience to the order of Brahmā Rudra becomes two folds and further divides the male part into eleven different persons, some of these are agreeable, some are hideous , some are fierce and some are mild. Likewise he divides the female part into different persons, some are of dark complexion, some are of wheatish complexion .

Another theory of Rudrasarga (cf. “I. Abschnitt Textgruppe, II A. 8 Kapitel”) is as follows:—In the beginning of the Kalpa Brahmā desires to create a son in his own image. Then appears a boy (kumāra) of red blue complexion (nīlalohita) crying in a sweet voice, Brahmā asks him as to the cause of his weeping. In reply the boy requests Brahma to favour him with a name. Brahmā give him the name of Rudra and advised him not to weep any more. But still the boy weeps seven times. Therefore Brahmā gives him seven other names like Bhava, Sarva, Īśāna, Paśupati, Bhrīma, Ugra and Mahādeva. Thus on the whole there are eight Rudras who are assinged respective stations in the sun, the waters, the earth, the air, the fire, the ether, the Yajamāna and the moon. Each of them is blessed with a wife. The world becomes populated by the successive generations of these eight sons.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rudrasarga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rudrasarga (रुद्रसर्ग):—[=rudra-sarga] [from rudra > rud] m. R°’s creation, [Varāha-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the cr° of the 11 R°, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Rudrasarga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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