Rud: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Rud means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rud (रुद्).—2 P. (roditi, rudita; desid. rurudiṣati)

1) To cry, weep, lament, mourn, shed tears; निराधारो हा रोदिमि कथय केषामिह पुरः (nirādhāro hā rodimi kathaya keṣāmiha puraḥ) G. L.4; अपि ग्रावा रोदित्यपि दलति वज्रस्य हृदयम् (api grāvā rodityapi dalati vajrasya hṛdayam) U.1.28.

2) To howl, roar, scream. -With प्र (pra) to weep bitterly.

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Rud (रुद्).—f.

1) A cry, wail.

2) Sound, noise.

3) Grief, pain, affliction.

4) Disease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rud (रुद्).—[(ira) rudira] r. 2nd cl. (roditi) 1. To weep. 2. To call or address weeping. With upa and āṅ, To weep for another, to sympathize.

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Rud (रुद्).—f. (-rut) 1. Grief. 2. Pain, affliction. 3. Disease. 4. Sound, noise. 5. Cry, wail, lamentation. E. rud to weep, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rud (रुद्).—ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.] (in epic poetry also [Ātmanepada.], [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 52, 19, and i. 1, Chr. 24, 46). 1. To weep, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 83, 12; [Hitopadeśa] 99, 3 (read rudatī); to cry, Mahābhārata 2, 2616. 2. To bewail, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 5, 5. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. rudita. 1. Wept. 2. Weeping. n. Weeping, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 184, 10. Comp. Araṇya-, n. complaining of one’s griefs to a forest, i. e. without being heard, [Amaruśataka, (ed. Calcutt.)] 76. Frequent. rorud, rorudya, To weep, to cry excessively, Mahābhārata 3, 10192. [Causal.] ro daya, To cause to weep, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 85, 3.

— With the prep. anu anu, To weep, [Nala] 3, 32.

— With upā upa-ā, To bewail, [Bhaṭṭikāvya, (ed. Calc.)] 2, 4.

— With pra pra, 1. To burst into tears, Mahābhārata 3, 2919. 2. To weep, to cry, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 17, 22. prarudita, 1. Wept. 2. Weeping, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 3, 21. 3. Beginning to weep, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 153.

— With vi vi, To weep, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 17, 13. virudita, n. Weeping, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 73, 11.

— Cf. [Latin] rudere; [Old High German.] riuzan; [Anglo-Saxon.] reotan; probably ([frequentative.], cf. raudra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rud (रुद्).—roditi rudati roditi rudate rodati rodate [participle] rudita (q.v.) cry, weep, lament. [Causative] rodayati cause to weep or lament. [Intensive] rorudyate weep very much.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rud (रुद्):—1. rud (cf. √1. ru) [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 59]; cf. [Pāṇini 7-2, 76]) roditi ([Vedic or Veda] and [Epic] also rudati, te and rodati, te; [perfect tense] ruroda, rurude, [Mahābhārata]; [Aorist] arudat, [Atharva-veda] etc.; arodīt, diṣuḥ [grammar]; araudiṣīt, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]; [future] roditā [grammar]; rodiṣyati, [Kāvya literature]; [infinitive mood] roditum, [ib.]; [indeclinable participle] ruditvā or roditvā, [Mahābhārata]; -rudya, [Kathāsaritsāgara]),

—to weep, cry, howl, roar, lament, wail, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to bewail, deplore, [ib.] :—[Passive voice] rudyate ([Aorist] arodi; rudyamāne, ‘while weeping is heard’ [Manu-smṛti iv, 108]) :—[Causal] rodayati ([Aorist] arūrudat), to cause to weep or lament, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.:—[Desiderative] rurudiṣati [grammar] (cf. rurudiṣā, ṣu) :—[Intensive] rorudyate, rorotti (p. rorudyamāna, rorudat), [Mahābhārata]

2) cf. [Latin] rudere; [Lithuanian] rúdis, raudá, raudóti; [Anglo-Saxon] reótan.

3) 2. rud mfn. (ifc.), weeping, crying etc. (See agharud and bhava-rud)

4) f. cry, wail

5) sound

6) grief, pain

7) disease, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rud (रुद्):—(laira) roditi 2. a. To weep, to cry. With upa and ā to sympathize, or weep with.

2) (t) 5. f. Grief; disease; noise.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rud in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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