Roshani, Roṣaṇī, Rośanī: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Roshani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Roṣaṇī and Rośanī can be transliterated into English as Rosani or Roshani, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Sanskrit Edition and a Translation of Kambala’s Sādhananidhi, Chapter 8

Roṣaṇī (रोषणी) is the name of a Deity associated with the syllable “ro” of the Devīhṛdayamantra (Goddess’ heart mantra): one of the four major mantras in the Cakrasaṃvara tradition, as taught in the eighth chapter of the 9th-century Herukābhidhāna and its commentary, the Sādhananidhi. The thirteen letters constituting the mantra are transformed in meditation into thirteen deities. All these female deities [viz., Roṣaṇī] have their male consorts who resemble their consort female deities in appearance and are in sexual union with them.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Roṣaṇī (रोषणी) is the name of a deity, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ homage to her holiness Vajravārāhī, Vaṃ noble and unconquered, to the totality of the three worlds, To the formidable great lady of heroes and all beings, to the great vajra, To the vajra posture, to the invincible, to the unconquered, Vaśyakarī, Netrabhrāmaṇī, Viṣaśoṣaṇī, Roṣaṇī, Krodhanī, Karālinī, Saṃtrāsaṇī, Māraṇī, Suprabhedaṇī, Jambhanī, Stambhanī, Mohinī, Vajravārāhī, Mahāyogeśvarī, Kāmeśvarī, Khaḍgeśvarī, Hūṃ Hūṃ Hūṃ Phaṭ Phaṭ Phaṭ Svāhā!”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rośanī (रोशनी) is the name of a vidyā subdued by Rāvaṇa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Rāvaṇa, knowing the highest good, not considering it worthless, remained motionless like a high mountain, absorbed in preeminent meditation. ‘Well done! Well done!’ was the cry of gods in the sky, and the Yakṣa-servants departed quickly, terrified. One thousand vidyās, the sky being lighted up by them, came to Daśāsya (=Rāvaṇa), saying aloud, ‘We are subject to you.’ [e.g., Rośanī, ...] great vidyās beginning with these were subdued by noble Daśāsya in just a few days because of his former good acts. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Roshani in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rośanī (रोशनी):—(nf) light, illumination; eye-sight; —[ḍālanā] to throw light on.

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