Roruka: 6 definitions



Roruka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Roruka. A city, capital of the Soviras, established by Jotipala, chaplain of Renu.

Its king was Bharata. (D.ii.235; cp. Mta.iii.208; see also Dvy.544ff ).

In the Aditta Jataka (J.iii.470) it is called Roruva.

2. Roruka. Capital of King Seri. SA.i.90.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Roruka (रोरुक) is the name of a locality situated in Aparāntaka (western district) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Divyāvadāna we read that Pāṭaliputta and Roruka were two important cities. It is said that King Rudrāyana of Roruka was a contemporary of King Bimbisāra of Magadha and they became intimate friends. There was then a brisk trade between Rājagaha and Roruka. It is said merchants from Rājagaha went to Roruka for trade.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Roruka (रोरुक).—(var. Rauruka), nt. (= Pali Roruka), (1) name of a town, capital of the Sauvīras (Pali Sov°): Mahāvastu iii.208.18; home of Rudrāyaṇa, Divyāvadāna 544.23 ff.; in 545.26 (mss.), and usually later in the story (550.1—11; 551.6; 552.17 ff.; 556.16 ff.; 559.4; 563.12 ff.), called Rauruka; (2) name of a city in the south (and so apparently not the same as 1, which is in the northwest): Gaṇḍavyūha 453.18, 25.

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Roruka (रोरुक) or Rauruka.—(1), q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roruka (रोरुक):—m. or n. (?) Name of a country or a town, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Roruka (रोरुक):—Nomen proprium eines Landes oder einer Stadt [Burnouf 145. 340.] [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 235 (5). 274 (44).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Roruka (रोरुक):—Nomen proprium eines Landes oder einer Stadt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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