Romanca, Romāñca, Roman-anca, Romamca: 22 definitions


Romanca means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Romancha.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च) or “horripilation” is a symptom of a (venemous) bite caused by the Kulacandra rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—[Cf. lakṣaṇaṃ kulacandrasya romāñco'sahyavedanā]

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: PMC: Effect of Grīvā Vasti

Romanca refers to a “sizzling sensation”.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च):—Horripilation

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च, “horripilation”).—One of the eight ‘involutary states’ (sāttvikabhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘involutary states’ are different from consequents (anubhāva) because of their arising from the inner nature (sattva). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.6-7)

Source: Natya Shastra

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च, “horripilation”) occurs due to touch, fear, cold joy, anger and sickness. Horripilation should be represented on the stage by repeated thrills, hairs standing on the end, and by touching the body.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च, “horripilation”) refers to one of the various “transitory feelings of mind” (sañcāribhāva) in Indian Dramas, according to the Sāhityadarpaṇa.—The state of utsāha is the sthāyībhāva of vīrarasa. It increases energy and excitement to mind and projects the heroic sentiment through the sañcāribhāvas i.e., transitory feelings of mind like, e.g., romāñca (horripilation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च) refers to “hair standing erect” according to the Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta 2.1.168.—Accordingly, as Śrī Gopa-kumāra says: “[...] I was eager to go near Śrī Jagannātha but was unable to walk forward. My mind had become helplessly deprived of will and, due to ecstatic love, all my limbs were trembling. My hairs stood erect [i.e., romāñca] and I lost control of my body as tears blocked my vision. With great difficulty, I somehow caught hold of the Garuḍa pillar and stood there”.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Romanca in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च) refers to “horripilation”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she was adorned in garlands of bilva-leaves furnished with gleaming fruits and buds anointed with red sandalwood, that were like hanging garlands of infant-heads; she expressed cruelty with limbs worshipped with clusters of kadamba flowers ruddy with blood, which horripilated (romāñca), it seemed, at the thrill of the flavour of the keen roar of drums during the animal-offering; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Romanca in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च) refers to “hairs standing on the end” (as a result from intense joy), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting on horseback (āśvina) represents one of the eight subdivisions of Hunting (mṛgayā). [...] But something should be said in brief about hunting, for the diffusion of its knowledge. [...] The capture of birds from afar by means of hawks, and the sudden hitting by the arrows of bowmen, of moving and stationary objects, produce intense joy, which finds expression in tears, in the hair standing on the end (romāñca), and in the choking of the voice. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Romanca in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

romañca : (m.) horripilation or bristling of hair.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Romañca, (?) (fr. roma, cp. Vedic romaśa) hairy (?) Dāvs. V, 14 (°kancuka). (Page 577)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rōmāñca (रोमांच).—m S Erection or bristling up of the hair of the body from any strong mental emotion, horripilation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rōmāñca (रोमांच).—m Horripilation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च).—a thrill (of rapture, horror, surprise &c.), horripilation; हर्षाद्भुतभयादिभ्यो रोमाञ्चो रोमविक्रिया (harṣādbhutabhayādibhyo romāñco romavikriyā) S. D.167.

Derivable forms: romāñcaḥ (रोमाञ्चः).

Romāñca is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms roman and añca (अञ्च). See also (synonyms): romāṅkura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च).—m.

(-ñcaḥ) Horripilation, rigidity and erection of the hair of the body. E. roma the hair, añc to worship, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च).—i. e. roman-añc + a, m. Horripilation, considered as a sign of rapture, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 175.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च).—[masculine] = [preceding] [masculine]; poss. ñcita or ñcin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Romāñca (रोमाञ्च):—[from roma > roman] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) thrill of the hair, [Kāvya literature; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) [from roma > roman] b ([from] the [preceding]) [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] cati, to feel a thrill of joy or horror, [Gīta-govinda]

3) c See p. 889, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Romāñca (रोमाञ्च):—[romā+ñca] (ñcaḥ) 1. m. Horripilation.

[Sanskrit to German]

Romanca in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rōmāṃca (ರೋಮಾಂಚ):—[noun] = ರೋಮಾಂಚನ [romamcana].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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