Roman: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Roman means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Roman (रोमन्) refers to the “short hair on the body”, and is mentioned in verse 2.30 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “one shall follow a middle course in all (religious and profane) matters.—One’s hair [viz., roman], nails, and beard (shall be) short, one’s feet and secretory paths not dirty”.

Note: Roman, strictly speaking, denotes the short hair on the body (Tibetan: spu; a fine example is the following kha-spu, lit. “face-hair”, which stands for śmaśru, “beard”), whereas keśa signifies the long hair of the head (Tibetan: skra). This differentiation, though neglected in the original, has been re-established by the Tibetans.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Roman (रोमन्, “hairs”) (Pali Loma) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., roman]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Roman (रोमन्).—n. [ru-manin Uṇ.4.15]

1) The hair on the body of men and animals; especially, short hair, bristles or down; रोमाणि च रहस्यानि सर्वाण्येव विवर्जयेत् (romāṇi ca rahasyāni sarvāṇyeva vivarjayet) Ms. 4.144;8.116; Bhāg.11.18.3.

2) The feathers of birds.

3) The scales of a fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roman (रोमन्).—n. (-ma) The hair of the body. E. ru to make, Unadi aff. manin, form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roman (रोमन्).—i. e. ruh + man, n. The hair of the body, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 186.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roman (रोमन्).—[neuter] hair (on the body of men or beasts), the feathers of a bird or the scales of a fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Roman (रोमन्):—1. roman n. ([probably] connected with √1. ruh; cf. loman) the hair on the body of men and animals, ([especially]) short hair, bristles, wool, down, nap etc. (less properly applicable to the long hair on the head and beard of men, and to that of the mane and tail of animals), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) the feathers of a bird, [Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. mayūra-r)

3) the scales of a fish (See pṛthu-r).

4) 2. roman m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Roman (रोमन्):—(ma) 5. n. The hair of the body.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Roman (रोमन्):—1. n [Uṇādisūtra 4, 150.] = loman [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 2, 18.] Haar am Körper der Menschen und Thiere (in der Regel mit Ausschluss der langen Kopfund Barthaare, der Mähne und des Schweifes) [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 50, 3, 12.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 619. 630.] [Halāyudha 2, 369. 394.] romāṇya.ayā [Ṛgveda 1, 135, 6. 9, 62, 8. 75, 4. 97, 11.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 14, 4. 18, 24, 19.] [GṚHY. 1, 24.] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 9.] [Chāndogyopaniṣad 8, 13, 1.] romāṇi rahasyāni [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 144. 221.] paśuromāṇi [5, 38.] (ṛṣeḥ) nāgnirdadāha romāpi [8, 116.] tato romāṇi me hṛṣan [Mahābhārata 2, 1925.] mayūrasamaromabhiḥ . hayaiḥ [3, 12065.] dīrgharomadhara [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 28, 24. 3, 49, 3. 4. 74, 15.] [Suśruta 1, 5, 1. 17, 9. 2, 13, 10. fgg.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 83.] [Spr. 1035.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 57, 7. 61, 11. 67, 6. 68, 4. 69, 13. 70, 2.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 6, 4. 3, 13, 34. 22, 29. 5, 26, 14. 8, 7, 28.] keśavālaromāṇi (vājinaḥ) Cit. beim. Schol. zu [Śākuntala 6, 5.] romotpāṭana [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 958.] hṛṣṭaroman adj. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 1, 21.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 22, 1. 52, 1.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 24, 22] (von Pflanzen). [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 3, 22.] hṛṣṭaromṇī [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 92, 3.] prahṛṣṭaroman adj. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 65, 19.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 13, 5.] saṃhṛṣṭaromāṅga [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 55, 5.] suvarṇaromayūtha [Pañcatantra 35, 1.] Gefieder der Vögel [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 59, 19.] romā pṛthi.yāḥ [Ṛgveda 1, 65, 8.] — Vgl. ūrdhva, dīrgha, netra, pṛthu (breithaarig d. i. schuppig von Fischen), bahu, mayūra, mahā, svarṇa, hrasva .

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Roman (रोमन्):—2. m. pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 363] [?(Viṣṇupurāṇa 192).] ed. Bomb. liest: vanāyavo daśāpārśvaromāṇaḥ — Vgl. 2. romaka

1) a).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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