Rohana, aka: Rohanā, Rohaṇa; 4 Definition(s)


Rohana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Rohaṇa (रोहण) refers to a type of paste applied to drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “this rule is applicable to all the Āṅkikas, But one should not apply to Mṛdaṅgas, a Rohaṇa consisting of sesamum paste mixed with cow’s ghee and oil.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Rohana. Grandfather of Migara Rohaneyya (q.v.). AA.ii.697.

2. Rohana. A brahmin, grandson of Pekkhuniya. He was a friend of the Licchavi Salha, and a visit paid by both of them to Nandaka is recorded in the Anguttara Nikaya. A.i.193f.

3. Rohana. A Sakiyan prince, one of the brothers of Bhaddakaccana. He went over to Ceylon and there founded a settlement which was named after him. Mhv.ix.10; Dpv.x.6.

4. Rohana. One of the three main provinces of early Ceylon comprising the south eastern part of the island, the Mahavalukanadi forming its northern boundary. It was probably colonized by Rohana (3). The capital of the province was Mahagama. When the northern parts of the island were in the hands of foreigners or usurpers, the Singhalese court, its nobles and loyalists, often sought refuge in Rohana. It seems, for the most part, to have been very little controlled from the capital, and many rebellions against the ruler of the capital originated in Rohana. See Dutthagamani and Vijayabahu; also, e.g., Mhv.xxiii.13; xxxiii.37; xxxv.27f., 67, 125; Cv.xxxviii.12, 39; xli.89ff.; xliv.54; xlviii.59, etc.

In times of persecution and scarcity the Buddhist monks found patronage and shelter among the inhabitants of Rohana (E.g., Mhv.xxxvii.6). Even till about 600 A.C., Rohana was regarded as a separate kingdom, holding, or at least claiming to hold, an independent position beside Anuradhapura (See, e.g., Cv.xlv.41).

5. Rohana. See Rohanta.

6. Rohana Thera. When Assagutta summoned the heads of the Order to a conference regarding the heresy of Milinda, Rohana was lost in meditation, and a messenger had to be sent to fetch him. As punishment for this, he was charged with the task of persuading Nagasena to join the Order. To achieve this purpose, Rohana had to visit the house of Nagasenas father, Sonuttara, during seven years and ten months, without ever receiving even a kind word, till, at last, one day Sonuttara was pleased with his kindness and courtesy and gave him food daily at the house. When Nagasena grew up and learnt the Vedas, Rohana engaged him in discussion, as a result of which Nagasena joined the Order under Rohana, who, as his first preceptor, taught him the Abhidhamma. One day, Nagasena thought lightly of his teacher, and Rohana, reading his thoughts, chided him. Nagasena begged his forgiveness, but Rohana said he would forgive him only if he succeeded in refuting Milindas heretical views. Mil. 7ff.

7. Rohana. Headman of the village of Kitti and father of Theraputtabhaya. Rohana was a supporter of Mahasumma Thera, and, having heard him preach at the Kotapabbata vihara, he became a sotapanna and joined the Order, later attaining arahantship. Mhv.xxiii.55ff.

-- or --

. The name of a tribe. Ap.ii.359.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Rohana in Pali glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

rohana : (nt.) rising up; growing up.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण).—[ruh-lyuṭ Uṇ.2.74] Name of a mountain in Ceylon; मणिप्ररोहेण विवृध्य रोहणः (maṇipraroheṇa vivṛdhya rohaṇaḥ) N.12.9; जनश्च वाक्सुधा- सूतिर्मणिसूतिश्च रोहणः (janaśca vāksudhā- sūtirmaṇisūtiśca rohaṇaḥ) B. R.1.49.

-ṇam 1 The act of mounting, riding, ascending.

2) Growing over, healing.

3) Proceeding or arising from; consisting of.

4) Semen virile.

Derivable forms: rohaṇaḥ (रोहणः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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