Rohana, Rohanā, Rohaṇa: 16 definitions


Rohana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Rohan.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Rohaṇa (रोहण) refers to a type of paste applied to drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “this rule is applicable to all the Āṅkikas, But one should not apply to Mṛdaṅgas, a Rohaṇa consisting of sesamum paste mixed with cow’s ghee and oil.”

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Rohana. Grandfather of Migara Rohaneyya (q.v.). AA.ii.697.

2. Rohana. A brahmin, grandson of Pekkhuniya. He was a friend of the Licchavi Salha, and a visit paid by both of them to Nandaka is recorded in the Anguttara Nikaya. A.i.193f.

3. Rohana. A Sakiyan prince, one of the brothers of Bhaddakaccana. He went over to Ceylon and there founded a settlement which was named after him. Mhv.ix.10; Dpv.x.6.

4. Rohana. One of the three main provinces of early Ceylon comprising the south eastern part of the island, the Mahavalukanadi forming its northern boundary. It was probably colonized by Rohana (3). The capital of the province was Mahagama. When the northern parts of the island were in the hands of foreigners or usurpers, the Singhalese court, its nobles and loyalists, often sought refuge in Rohana. It seems, for the most part, to have been very little controlled from the capital, and many rebellions against the ruler of the capital originated in Rohana. See Dutthagamani and Vijayabahu; also, e.g., Mhv.xxiii.13; xxxiii.37; xxxv.27f., 67, 125; Cv.xxxviii.12, 39; xli.89ff.; xliv.54; xlviii.59, etc.

In times of persecution and scarcity the Buddhist monks found patronage and shelter among the inhabitants of Rohana (E.g., Mhv.xxxvii.6). Even till about 600 A.C., Rohana was regarded as a separate kingdom, holding, or at least claiming to hold, an independent position beside Anuradhapura (See, e.g., Cv.xlv.41).

5. Rohana. See Rohanta.

6. Rohana Thera. When Assagutta summoned the heads of the Order to a conference regarding the heresy of Milinda, Rohana was lost in meditation, and a messenger had to be sent to fetch him. As punishment for this, he was charged with the task of persuading Nagasena to join the Order. To achieve this purpose, Rohana had to visit the house of Nagasenas father, Sonuttara, during seven years and ten months, without ever receiving even a kind word, till, at last, one day Sonuttara was pleased with his kindness and courtesy and gave him food daily at the house. When Nagasena grew up and learnt the Vedas, Rohana engaged him in discussion, as a result of which Nagasena joined the Order under Rohana, who, as his first preceptor, taught him the Abhidhamma. One day, Nagasena thought lightly of his teacher, and Rohana, reading his thoughts, chided him. Nagasena begged his forgiveness, but Rohana said he would forgive him only if he succeeded in refuting Milindas heretical views. Mil. 7ff.

7. Rohana. Headman of the village of Kitti and father of Theraputtabhaya. Rohana was a supporter of Mahasumma Thera, and, having heard him preach at the Kotapabbata vihara, he became a sotapanna and joined the Order, later attaining arahantship. Mhv.xxiii.55ff.

-- or --

. The name of a tribe. Ap.ii.359.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Rohaṇa (रोहण) refers to an “ascending” (flower garland), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Jasmine born of spring, a mystical flower species, Thus beginning joined together, an ascending (rohaṇa) flower garland”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rohaṇa (रोहण) (or Lohaṇa) is the name of a moutain-peak, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“Kubera made the city Vinītā, also called Ayodhyā, twelve yojanas long and nine wide. After laying it out, the Yakṣa-king, free from deceit, filled it unceasingly with inexhaustible clothes, ornaments, money, and grain. [...] By those who have seen the heaps of jewels piled up in its markets and palaces mount Rohaṇa is considered a heap of their sweepings. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rohaṇa.—(SITI), function performed at the commence- ment of a festival. Note: rohaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rohana : (nt.) rising up; growing up.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण).—[ruh-lyuṭ Uṇādi-sūtra 2.74] Name of a mountain in Ceylon; मणिप्ररोहेण विवृध्य रोहणः (maṇipraroheṇa vivṛdhya rohaṇaḥ) N.12.9; जनश्च वाक्सुधा- सूतिर्मणिसूतिश्च रोहणः (janaśca vāksudhā- sūtirmaṇisūtiśca rohaṇaḥ) B. R.1.49.

-ṇam 1 The act of mounting, riding, ascending.

2) Growing over, healing.

3) Proceeding or arising from; consisting of.

4) Semen virile.

Derivable forms: rohaṇaḥ (रोहणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Semen virile. 2. Rising in or on, mounting, ascending. 3. Growing, as a plant. 4. Healing of a wound. 5. A particular mountain: see the last. E. ruh to grow, &c., aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण).—i. e. ruh + ana, I. m. A mountain, Adam's peak in Ceylon, [Pañcatantra] Ms. Berol., cf. Wilson in Trans. of the R.[Anglo-Saxon.] i. 169. Ii. n. 1. Growing. 2. Mountaing. 3. Semen virile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण).—[masculine] [Name] of a mountain; [neuter] mounting, ascending; entering in, riding, sitting, or standing on (—°); putting on, fastening; growing together, healing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rohaṇa (रोहण):—[from roha] m. Name of a mountain (Adam’s Peak in Ceylon), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [from roha] n. a means of ascending, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] the act of mounting or ascending or riding or sitting or standing on ([compound]), [Yājñavalkya]

4) [v.s. ...] the putting or fastening on (of a bowstring), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] the growing over, healing (of a wound; cf. kṣata-r), [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] the proceeding from, consisting of [Vāsavadattā; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] semen virile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Semen virile; ascending; growing.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rohana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rohaṇa (रोहण) [Also spelled rohan]:—(nm) climbing, ascending, mounting.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rōhaṇa (ರೋಹಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of ascending, mounting, riding, sitting or standing on.

2) [noun] the act of growing (oneself) in size.

3) [noun] a slender, straight missile with a pointed end to be shot from a bow; an arrow.

4) [noun] name of a mountain in Sri Lanka; Adam's Peak.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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