Ribhu, aka: Ṛbhu, Rbhu; 4 Definition(s)


Ribhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṛbhu can be transliterated into English as Rbhu or Ribhu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ṛbhu (ऋभु).—An ancient sage. He was the son of Brahmā. He was an extraordinary scholar who became the preceptor of Nidāgha who was the son of Pulastya and the grandson of Brahmā. Ṛbhu conveyed all knowledge to Nidāgha. But he saw that although he taught Nidāgha all branches of knowledge, the latter did not take any interest in "Advaita". So he left him in disappointment but later got him interested in Advaita. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 2. Chapters 15-16).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ṛbhu (ऋभु).—A son of Brahmā; one of the first two created, the other Sanatkumāra; a siddha who knows the māyā of Hari.1 A resident of Tapoloka;2 teacher of Nidāgha; imparted to him the essence of true knowledge after partaking of meals with him; once again met Nidāgha after 1000 years; initiated him into the mysteries of advaita and disappeared.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 43; IV. 8. 1; VI. 15. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 106; 24. 79.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 6; IV. 2. 24, 35 and 214; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 26, 37 and 212; Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 92.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 15. 2-34; 16 (whole).

1b) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Brahmā; communicated to Priyavrata.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 43.

1c) A class of gods resident in Bhuvarloka1 specially created by Bhṛgu to put down the pramatha and other gaṇas in the sacrifice of Dakṣa. Followers of Indra;2 of Cākṣuṣa epoch.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 30.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 4. 33; VI. 7. 2; 10. 17.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 24.

1d) Gods of the Vaivasvata epoch, came to Dvārakā with other gods to ask Kṛṣṇa to go back to Vaikunṭḥa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 4; XI. 6. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of ribhu or rbhu in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

In the Rig Veda, the Rbhus (Rbhu, Vibhavan, and Vaja) are a trio of skilled, divine artisans. They are the sons of heaven (Dyaus) and earth. They performed many feats of skill, the greatest being the transformation of the bowl of Tvashta into four shining cups for the Gods.

Their other feats include: renewing the youth of their parents, making a cow from a hide, and shape tawny steeds for Indra. They are demi-gods, and are invoked to bring prosperity to the worshiper.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛbhu (ऋभु).—a. Ved.

1) Skilful, clever, prudent (as an epithet of Indra, Agni, Ādityas, property and wealth) ऋभुमृभुक्षणो रयिम् (ṛbhumṛbhukṣaṇo rayim) Rv.4.37.5.

2) Handly (as a weapon).

3) Shining far.

-bhuḥ 1 A deity, divinity; a god (dwelling in heaven).

2) The god who is worshipped by the gods; ऋभवो नाम तत्रान्ये देवानामपि देवताः (ṛbhavo nāma tatrānye devānāmapi devatāḥ) Mb.3.261.19.

3) A class of the attendants of gods.

4) An artist, smith, especially a coach-builder (rathakāra).

5) Name of three semi-divine beings called Ṛibhu, Vibhvan and Vāja, sons of Sudhanvan, a descendant of Aṅgiras, who were so called from the name of the eldest son. [Through their performance of good works they obtained divinity, exercised superhuman powers, and became entitled to worship. They are supposed to dwell in the Solar sphere, and are the artists who formed the horses of Indra, the carriage of the Aśvins, and the miraculous cow of Bṛhaspati. They made their aged parents young, and constructed four cups at a sacrifice from the one cup of Tvaṣṭṛ, who as the proper artificer of the gods, was in this respect their rival. They appear generally as accompanying Indra at the evening sacrifices. M. W.].

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ribhu or rbhu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

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