Repha: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Repha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ref.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Repha (रेफ) refers to one of the four kinds of vyañjana (indication), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Vyañjana represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “repha is one single stroke with all the figures of a hand”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Repha (रेफ).—The consonant र् (r); generally the word रेफ (repha) is used for र (ra) and not रकार (rakāra); cf. वर्णात्कारः । रादिफंः (varṇātkāraḥ | rādiphaṃḥ) P.III.3.108 Vārt. 3,4. The consonant र (ra) is described as one pronounced like the tearing of a piece of cloth and resembling a snarl or a growl: cf. रिफ्यते विपाटथते वस्त्रादिपाटनध्वनिवदुच्चार्यते इति रेफः । (riphyate vipāṭathate vastrādipāṭanadhvanivaduccāryate iti rephaḥ |)

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Repha (रेफ).—A hermit of the period of Ṛgveda. Once the asuras threw this hermit into water. This was the punishment for the sins committed by him in his previous life. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 17, Sūkta 116).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Repha (रेफ) refers to the “letter Ra”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In front, above that, (arising from) the letter Yaṃ, is an air mandala, Above that, (arising from) the letter Raṃ, is a fire mandala, (and) above (that) a triangle marked red Ra [e.g., rakta-repha-aṅkita], three shaved heads, and a lotus vessel, Behold the the five ambrosia and five lamps, distributed, etc., therein, Arising from the letters Buṃ Āṃ Jiṃ Khaṃ Hūṃ Lāṃ Māṃ Pāṃ Tāṃ Vaṃ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rēpha (रेफ).—m (S) The letter ra with the inherent short vowel dropped. 2 The mark by which it is denoted, and which is placed over the letter following it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rēpha (रेफ).—m The letter ra with the inherent short vowel dropped.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Repha (रेफ).—a. Low. vile, contemptible.

-phaḥ 1 A burr, grating sound.

2) The letter र् (r).

3) Passion, affection.

4) A word; कण्ठे च सामानि समस्तरेफान् (kaṇṭhe ca sāmāni samastarephān) Bhāgavata 8.2.25.

5) (In prosody) A cretic ( -).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Repha (रेफ).—mfn. (-phaḥ-phā-pha) 1. Low, vile, contemptible, wicked. 2. Defamed, reviled. m.

(-phaḥ) 1. The letter “R”. 2. Passion, affection of the mind. 3. A grating sound. E. ra the letter R, with inherent short vowel, and ipha aff.; or riph to defame, to reproach, aff. ac or ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Repha (रेफ).—I. adj. Contemptible, bad. Ii. m. The letter R.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Repha (रेफ).—[masculine] the snarling sound, i.e. ra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Repha (रेफ):—[from riph] a m. a burring guttural sound, the letter r (as so pronounced), [Prātiśākhya; ???]

2) [v.s. ...] a word, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) a cretic (¯ ˘ ¯), [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

4) [v.s. ...] passion, affection of the mind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. low, vile, contemptible, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. repa).

6) b phas, phin See, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Repha (रेफ):—[(phaḥ-phā-phaṃ) a.] Low, vile, defamed. m. The letter r; passion, affection.

[Sanskrit to German]

Repha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Repha (रेफ) [Also spelled ref]:—(nm) the letter [ra] or its allographs as in [kra, rka, ṭra.].

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rēpha (ರೇಫ):—

1) [noun] the letter '[ra] '.

2) [noun] the sound of this letter.

3) [noun] interest; inclination; bent of mind.

4) [noun] a mean, dishonorable, ignoble man.

5) [noun] (pros.) a metrical foot consisting of one long followed by a short and a long syllabic instants(-u-); amphimacer.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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