Ravita, Rāvita: 9 definitions


Ravita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ravita (रवित) refers to “vocal defect”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]—[...] (1-2). The Buddha has no bodily or vocal defect.—[Question].—Why does the Buddha have no bodily defect (skhalita) or vocal defect (ravita)? [Answer].—For innumerable incalculable periods the Buddha has observed purity of morality: this is why his bodily and vocal actions are faultless. The other Arhats such as Śāriputra, etc., have cultivated the precepts for less time, sixty kalpas at maximum: this is why they have faults. For innumerable incalculable periods the Buddha has accumulated and perfected the pure precepts, he has always practiced the profound concentrations, he has obtained all the marvelous knowledges and has properly cultivated the mind of great compassion: this is why he is without faults. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Ravita (रवित) refers to “rough speech”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] Since the Lord has obtained intrepidities, extinguished contamination, was perfectly awakened to sameness (samatā), is skilled in the knowledge of purification without affliction, and roars the best of lions’ roar to all of the world including the gods. Since the Lord is endowed with the eighteen special qualities of the Buddha, he has the unattached knowledge of the three times (trikāla). Since the Lord has purified his body, speech, and mind, he has neither error (skhalita) nor rough speech (ravita), and sees every concentration (samāpatti) and the knowledge of liberation. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ravita : (pp. of ravati) made a noise; cried.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ravita, (pp. of ravati) shouted, cried, uttered Miln. 178 (sakuṇa-ruta°). (Page 566)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāvita (रावित).—Sound, noise; स्यन्दनेभ्यश्च्युता वीराः शङ्खरावितदुर्बलाः (syandanebhyaścyutā vīrāḥ śaṅkharāvitadurbalāḥ) Rām.7.7.12.

Derivable forms: rāvitam (रावितम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ravita (रवित).—nt. (= Pali id., sakuṇa-ruta-ravitaṃ Miln. 178.22, the sound of birds' cries, as a science to be studied), sound; always subst. in unambigous cases; at end of adj. cpds. which may be interpreted as [bahuvrīhi]: nāsti ravitam Mahāvyutpatti 137 (= Tibetan ca co med pa), Mahāvastu i.160.14, there is no crying, bawling, clamor, one of the 18 āveṇika (q.v.) Buddha-dharma; (saśoka-ravitāni, Senart, Mahāvastu i.154.9, but see ravaṇa;) bahuvividha-javita-ravitaṃ Lalitavistara 337.10 (verse), see javita 3; in Lalitavistara 326.8 (verse) Lefm. kokila-haṃsa-mora- raviśā dvija-gaṇa-kalilaḥ, with some good mss., but raviśa (compare Whitney 1229) is not otherwise known, and v.l. ravitā may be adopted, probably in composition with the following, full of crowds of birds characterized by (i.e. emitting; so Tibetan, sgra ḥbyin) sounds of cuckoos, haṃsas, and peacocks (or is ravita here adj., …noisy birds such as cuckoos…?); often preceded by ruta (as in Pali, above), or rutā, qq.v., brahmasvara-rutā-ravitā Mahāvyutpatti 482, and jīvaṃjīvakasvara- rutā-ravitā 483, epithet of Buddha's voice, having the sound of the voice of…; sarva-ruta-ravita-parijñānataḥ Daśabhūmikasūtra 76.21; ruta ravita (Tibetan sgra skad, voices and cries) ya asti [Page453-b+ 71] sarvaloke Lalitavistara 366.18 (verse); sarvasattva-ruta-ravita- ([compound]) Lalitavistara 435.15 (prose); on Lalitavistara 162.9 (verse) see ravaṇa; brahma- svara-ruta-ravitena (so ms.; Finot wrongly em. °rāvitena) …ghoṣeṇa (of the Buddha's voice) Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 2.11 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāvita (रावित).—[neuter] sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ravita (रवित):—n. precipitation, hurry, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Rāvita (रावित):—[from rāva] mfn. ([from] [Causal]) sounded, made to resound, filled with sound or noise, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] n. sound, noise, [Rāmāyaṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Ravita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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