Raudradhyana, Raudradhyāna, Raudra-dhyana: 1 definition

Introduction

Raudradhyana means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (R) next»] — Raudradhyana in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Raudradhyāna (रौद्रध्यान).—One of the four types of ‘meditation’ (dhyāna);—Raudra means ‘cruel temperament’. Concentration (dhyāna) which is induced by thoughts of violence, untruth, stealing or safeguarding own possession is called raudra-dhyana or ‘cruel concentration’. It can occur up to the fifth stage of spiritual purification (guṇasthāna) but cannot occur to the monk in the sixth stage else he is not a monk and falls to lower stages.

It is of four types namely:

  1. violence enjoying (hiṃsānandī),
  2. untruth enjoying (mṛṣānandī),
  3. theft-enjoying (cauryānandī),
  4. possession enjoying (parigṛhānanadī).

The cruel concentration (raudra-dhyāna) results in infernal /hellish realms. The deśavirata (partial-votaries) lay-householders cannot accrue the hellish realms due to the potency of right belief possessed by him /her even though he is doing cruel concentration.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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