Ratta: 10 definitions


Ratta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Raṭṭa is the modified form of Rāṣṭra when used in place-names. Rāṣṭra is the oldest and biggest territorial term. In the Ṛgveda and later Saṃhitās, it denotes “kingdom” or “royal territory”. It is considered to be one of the Prakṛtis (constituents) and refers to a country.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ratta : (pp. of rajjati) found pleasure in. || ratta (adj.) red. (nt.) blood. (rañjeti) dyed; coloured; infatuated with lust.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Ratta, 2 (nt.) & (poet.) rattā (f.) (Epic Sk. rātra; Vedic rātra only in cpd. aho-rātraṃ. Semantically an abstr. formation in collect. meaning “the space of a night’s time, ” hence “interval of time” in general. Otherwise rātri: see under ratti) (rarely) night; (usually) time in general. Occurs only —°, with expressions giving a definite time. Independently (besides cpds. mentioned below) only at one (doubtful) passage, viz. Sn. 1071, where BB MSS. read rattam-ahā for rattaṃ aho, which corresponds to the Vedic phrase aho-rātraṃ (=P. ahorattaṃ). The P. T. S. ed. reads nattaṃ; SnA 593 reads nattaṃ, but explains as rattin-divaṃ, whereas Nd2 538 reads rattaṃ & explains: “rattaṃ vuccati ratti, ahā (sic lege!) ti divaso, rattiñ ca divañ ca. ” — Otherwise only in foll. adv. expressions (meaning either “time” or “night”): Instr. eka-rattena in one night J. I, 64; satta° after one week (lit. a seven-night) Sn. 570.—Acc. sg. cira-rattaṃ a long time Sn. 665; dīgha° id. (cp. BSk. dīrgha-rātraṃ frequent ) Sn. 22; M. I, 445; aḍḍha° at “halfnight, ” i.e. midnight A. III, 407; pubba-ratt’âpararattaṃ one night after the other (lit. the last one and the next) DhA. IV, 129.—Acc. pl. cira rattāni a long time J. V, 268.—Loc. in var. forms, viz. vassa-ratte in the rainy season J. V, 38 (Kern, Toev. s. v. gives wrongly III, 37, 143; aḍḍha-ratte at midnight PvA. 152; aḍḍha‹-› rattāyaṃ at midnight Vv 8116 (=aḍḍharattiyaṃ VvA. 315); divā ca ratto ca day & night Vv 315 (=rattiyaṃ VvA. 130); cira-rattāya a long time J. V, 267; Pv. I, 94.

2) Ratta, 1 (pp. of rañjati, cp. Sk. rakta) 1. dyed, coloured M. I, 36 (dūratta-vaṇṇa difficult to dye or badly dyed; MA 167 reads duratta and explains as durañjita-vaṇṇa; opp. suratta ibid.); Sn. 287 (nānā-rattehi vatthehi); Vism. 415 (°vattha-nivattha, as sign of mourning); DhA. IV, 226 (°vattha).—2. red. This is used of a high red colour, more like crimson. Sometimes it comes near a meaning like “shiny, shining, glittering” (as in ratta-suvaṇṇa the glittering gold), cp. etym. & meaning of rajati and rajana. It may also be taken as “bleached” in ratta-kambala. In ratta-phalika (crystal) it approaches the meaning of “white, ” as also in explanation of puṇḍarīka at J. V, 216 with ratta-paduma “white lotus. ” — It is most commonly found in foll. combinations at foll. passages: Miln. 191 (°lohita-candana); Vism. 172 (°kambala), 174 (°koraṇḍaka), 191 (°paṭākā); J. I, 394 (pavāla-ratta-kambala); III, 30 (°puppha-dāma); V, 37 (°sālivana), 216 (°paduma); 372 (°suvaṇṇa); DhA. I, 393 (id.), 248 (°kambala); IV, 189 (°candanarukkha red-sandal tree); SnA 125 (where paduma is given as “ratta-set’ādivasena”); VvA. 4 (°dupaṭṭa), 65 (°suvaṇṇa), 177 (°phalika); PvA. 4 (°virala-mālā; garland of red flowers for the convict to be executed, cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung 104), 157 (°paduma), 191 (°sāli); Mhvs 30, 36 (°kambala); 36, 82 (rattāni akkhīni bloodshot eyes). With the latter cp. cpd. rattakkha “with red eyes” (fr. crying) at PvA. 39 (v. l. BB.), and Np. rattakkhin “Red-eye” (Ep. of a Yakkha). ‹-› 3. (fig.) excited, infatuated, impassioned S. IV, 339; Sn. 795 (virāga°); It. 92 (maccā rattā); Miln. 220. Also in combination ratta duṭṭha mūḷha: see Nd2 s. v. chanda; cp. bhava-rāga-ratta. (Page 564)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raṭṭa (रट्ट) [or ठ, ṭha].—m A crowded multitude; a throng or press: also crowdedness. 2 Applied revilingly to a thick cake of bread; and to huge, massy, misshapen, or coarse and rough things and animals generally.

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raṭṭā (रट्टा) [or ट्या, ṭyā].—m (Imit.) A heavy or sounding stroke or blow. v māra, lāva, & basa, lāga. 2 A press (of business, cares, duties). v paḍa, basa. 3 An impetuous and headlong rush (as through a narrow way). v māra. 4 Applied freely, whether as s m or as a ind, to coarse, gross, or clumsy things. 5 as s m or as a ind Anything vast and monstrous, or extraordinarily plentiful, or overbearingly excessive; as raṭṭā bhākara -vāsā -pāūsa -ūnha -ghōḍā -sāmpa -ghūsa- māñjara -jhāḍa -phauja -pīka -śipāī -kārakūna -malla. 6 A crushing throng or dense press.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raṭṭā (रट्टा) [-ṭṭyā, -ट्ट्या].—m A heavy blow. Press (of business, &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raṭṭā (रट्टा):—f. Name of a princess, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

[Sanskrit to German]

Ratta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ratta (रत्त) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rakta.

2) Ratta (रत्त) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rātra.

3) Rattā (रत्ता) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Raktā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṟāṭṭa (ಱಾಟ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] = ಱಾಟಣ - [ratana -] 1 & 2.

2) [noun] a spinning wheel.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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