Ratni: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Ratni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Ratni (रत्नि) refers to “running cubit (24 fingers) § 2.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Ratni (रत्नि): A unit of measurement of distance, according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (वायु पुराण). The following table gives some idea about their relations to each other:

8 Aṅgulas = Prādeśa (?);
21 Aṅgulas = Ratni;
24 Aṅgulas = Hasta;
2000 Dhanus = Gavyūti;
12 Aṅgulas = Vitasti;
2 Ratnis or 42 Aṅgulas = Kiṣku;
4 hastas = Dhanus;
8000 Dhanus = Yojana.


2) The term ‘Ratni’ is mentioned in the Ṣaḍviṃśa Brāhmaṇa and is a corruption of ‘Aratni’.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ratni (रत्नि).—A measurement of 21 angula parvas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 98; IV. 2. 122. Matsya-purāṇa 16. 25; 58. 7. Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 122.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Aṅgula; ancient Hindu unit of measurement of distance. 21 Aṅgulas make a single Ratni and 2 Ratnis make 1 Kiṣku.

If we consider a single Yojana to be 8 miles (~12.87km), one Ratni would correspond to roughly 13.86 inches (~35.20cm)

If we consider a single Yojana to be 5 miles (~8.04km), one Ratni would correspond to roughly 8.66 inches (~22cm)

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ratnī (रत्नी).—f (ratna) In monkey-sports. A term given to the female monkey habited as a woman.

--- OR ---

ratnī (रत्नी).—a (ratna) Epithet of a species of the grain nācaṇī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratni (रत्नि).—m. f.

1) The elbow.

2) The distance from the elbow to the end of the closed fist, a cubit; अष्टरत्निर्महा- र्बाहुः (aṣṭaratnirmahā- rbāhuḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.72.3. -m. The closed fist. (This word appears to be a corruption of aratni q. v.)

Derivable forms: ratniḥ (रत्निः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratni (रत्नि).—mf. (-tniḥ-tnī) 1. A sort of cubit, measured from the elbow to the end of the closed fist; it is also computed at tweenty-one breadths of the middle of the thumb. 2. The closed hand, the fist. E. to go, katnic aff., the vowel changed to the semi-vowel, otherwise aratni, and as derived from mṛ to go, saratni .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratni (रत्नि).— (curtailed aratni), I. m. (and f.), A cubit measured from the elbow of the end of the closed fist. Ii. m. The closed fist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ratni (रत्नि):—mf. (a corrupt form of aratni; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 2]) the elbow, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) a measure of length (= the distance from the elbow to the end of the closed first, a cubit), [ṢaḍvBr.]

3) m. the closed fist, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratni (रत्नि):—[(tniḥ-tnī)] 2. m. 3. f. A sort of cubit from elbow to fist; the fist.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ratni (रत्नि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Rayaṇi, Rayaṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ratni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ratni (ರತ್ನಿ):—[noun] the distance between the elbow to the end of the closed fist.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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