Ratnagarbha, Ratna-garbha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ratnagarbha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ratnagarbha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Ratnagarbhā (रत्नगर्भा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Ratnagarbhā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Ratnagarbha).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Ratnagarbha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ratnagarbhā (रत्नगर्भा) refers to the “earth”, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as the Dikkumārikās said to Jinendra and the Jina’s mother: “Hail! Long live! Rejoice, you whose son is for the delight of the world. O Mother of the World, this is a fortunate moment for us to-day because of the sight of you. The ocean (Ratnākara), Ratnaśaila (mountain of jewels), and the earth (Ratnagarbhā)—these are useless. You alone are the source of jewels, since you have borne this jewel of a son. We Dikkumārikās, living in the center of Rucaka, have come here to perform the Arhat’s birth-ceremonies. You must not be afraid”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ratnagarbha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ).—

1) Kubera.

2) the sea.

-rbhā the earth.

Derivable forms: ratnagarbhaḥ (रत्नगर्भः).

Ratnagarbha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and garbha (गर्भ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ).—name of one or more Bodhisattvas: Mahāvyutpatti 665; Gaṇḍavyūha 2.24; Daśabhūmikasūtra. 2.5 (in all these in lists of B.'s, among other names ending in -garbha); Lalitavistara 294.20 (here one living in the buddhakṣetra of Samantadarśin in the nadir).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ).—m.

(-rbhaḥ) 1. The god of wealth, Kuvera. 2. The ocean. f.

(-rbhā) The earth. E. ratna a jewel, and garbha embryo.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ).—I. m. Kuvera. Ii. f. bhā, the earth.

Ratnagarbha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ratna and garbha (गर्भ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ).—[adjective] filled with jewels; [feminine] ā the earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Hiraṇyagarbha, grandson of Mādhava: Mahābhārataṭīkā. Vaiṣṇavākūtacandrikā Viṣṇupurāṇaṭīkā. He quotes the
—[commentary] of Sūryakaramiśra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ):—[=ratna-garbha] [from ratna] mfn. filled with precious stones, containing jewels, set with j°, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the sea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Kubera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Bodhi-sattva, [Lalita-vistara; Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] of a commentator, [Catalogue(s); Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] (with sārvabhauma) of another author, [Catalogue(s)]

7) Ratnagarbhā (रत्नगर्भा):—[=ratna-garbhā] [from ratna-garbha > ratna] f. the earth, [Prasannarāghava; Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ratnagarbha (रत्नगर्भ):—

1) adj. Edelsteine bergend, mit Edelsteinen besetzt: gṛha [Mahābhārata 3, 2669.] vāsāṃsi [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 98.] —

2) m. a) das Meer [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Beiname Kubera's [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 78.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 39.] — c) Nomen proprium α) eines Bodhisattva [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 368, 6.] [WILSON, Sel. Works II, 13.] — β) eines Commentators des Viṣṇupurāṇa [WILSON] in [Viṣṇupurāṇa LXXIV.] [Oxforder Handschriften 63,a, No. 111.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 487.] —

3) f. ā die Erde [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 1, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 937.] [Halāyudha 2, 2.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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