Rathoddhata, aka: Rathoddhatā; 3 Definition(s)
Rathoddhata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Rathoddhatā (रथोद्धता) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the third, the seventh, the ninth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).
Rathoddhatā falls in the Triṣṭup (Triṣṭubh) class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing eleven syllables each.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Rathoddhatā (रथोद्धता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre Rathoddhatā, which consists of eleven syllables in each foot with the gaṇas ra, na, ra, la and ga, is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Rathoddhatā (रथोद्धता) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in Kṣemendra’s Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Rathoddhatā) which were used frequently by the poets.
2) Rathoddhatā (रथोद्धता) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Rathoddhatā corresponds to Aparāntikā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ. This is a peculiar feature of Sanskrit prosody.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
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1) Aparāntikā (अपरान्तिका) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Vaitāl...
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