Rathin, Rathī, Rathi: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Rathin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rathin (रथिन्) refers to “charioteers” (i.e., drivers of chariots), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.38 (“Description of the dais or maṇḍapa”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Chariots were driven by charioteers (rathin), other vehicles by other drivers. There were foot-soldiers too. All of them were artificial. O sage, Viśvakarman was so delighted that he made all these things to fascinate the visiting dignitaries, the gods and the sages. O sage, the statue of Nandin, at the portals, of crystalline purity and brilliance, was a prototype of the real Nandin. Above that there was the celestial chariot Puṣpaka decorated with sprouts. It shone with gods represented therein. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rathī (रथी).—A military title below mahāratha1 earned by Yayāti and Kārtavīryārjuna.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 249.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 20; 69. 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Rathī (रथी).—m (S) The owner of or the rider in a car or chariot. 2 A warrior that fights in a car.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Rathī (रथी).—m A warrior that fights in a car.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rathin (रथिन्).—a. [ratha-ini]

1) Riding or driving in a carriage.

2) Possessing or owning a carriage. -m.

1) An owner of a carriage.

2) A warrior who fights from a chariot; आत्मानं रथिनं विद्धि शरीरं रथमेव तु । बुद्धिं तु सारथिं विद्धि मनः प्रग्रहमेव च (ātmānaṃ rathinaṃ viddhi śarīraṃ rathameva tu | buddhiṃ tu sārathiṃ viddhi manaḥ pragrahameva ca) || Kaṭha Up.1.3.3; R.7.37.

3) A man of क्षत्रिय (kṣatriya) caste.

4) A driver.

-nī A number of carriages or chariots.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rathī (रथी).—Ved.

1) Riding in a chariot.

2) Furnished with a carriage.

3) A coachman.

4) A guide, leader.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathin (रथिन्).—m. (-thī) 1. A warrior who fights in a car. 2. The owner of or rider in a car. E. ratha, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathin (रथिन्).—i. e. ratha + īn, I. adj. Mounted on carriages, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 18. Ii. m. 1. The owner of, or rider in, a car, lord of chariots, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 100. 2. A warrior who fights in a car, [Draupadīpramātha] 2, 12; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 130, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathin (रथिन्).—[adjective] having or going in a carriage, carriage or cart-; [masculine] charioteer or = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathī (रथी).—[adjective] & [masculine] = rathin; as [masculine] also guide, ruler, lord i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rathī (रथी):—[from ratha] a f. a small carriage or waggon, cart, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) [from ratha] b mfn. ([nominative case] sg. m. and f. rathīs; [accusative] sg. rathyam [plural] rathyas) going or fighting in a chariot (as [substantive] = a carriage-driver, charioteer, car-fighter, champion, hero, leader, lord), [Ṛg-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] carried on a waggon, forming a cart-load, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] belonging to a chariot, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rathin (रथिन्):—[from ratha] mfn. possessing or going in a chariot or carriage, fighting in a war-c° (superl. thi-tama), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] consisting of c°, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] carried in c° (as goods), [Ṛg-veda]

4) [v.s. ...] accustomed to c° (as horses), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. an owner of a carriage or c°, charioteer, warrior who fights from a c°, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a Kṣatriya, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] a driver, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rathin (रथिन्):—(thī) 5. m. Owner of a car; a warrior who fights in a car.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rathin (रथिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rahi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rathin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rathī (रथी):—(a) riding a chariot; (nm) a fighter, warrior.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rathi (ರಥಿ):—

1) [noun] a warrior who fights standing in a chariot.

2) [noun] he who has a chariot.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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