Rashtrika, Rāṣṭrika, Rāṣṭrikā: 7 definitions

Introduction

Rashtrika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Rāṣṭrika and Rāṣṭrikā can be transliterated into English as Rastrika or Rashtrika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (R) next»] — Rashtrika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rāṣṭrikā (राष्ट्रिका) is another name for Bṛhatī, a medicinal plant identified with Solanum indicum var. lividum (synonym of Solanum anguivi or ‘forest bitterberry’ or ‘African eggplant’) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.23-25 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Rāṣṭrikā and Bṛhatī, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rāṣṭrika.—(IE 8-3; CII 1; HD; LL), Prakrit Raṭhika (EI 2), Raṭṭhika (EI 7); same as Rāṣṭrin; ruler of a rāṣṭra, i. e. a district or its subdivision; also the name of a people called ‘hereditary Rāṣṭrikas’. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. I, p. 5; Bhandarkar, Aśoka, p. 30. (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 78), mentioned in the list of officials addressed by the king in respect of a grant. Note: rāṣṭrika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (R) next»] — Rashtrika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rāṣṭrika (राष्ट्रिक).—

1) An inhabitant of a kingdom or country, a subject; राष्ट्रिकैः सह तद्राष्ट्रं क्षिप्रमेव विनश्यति (rāṣṭrikaiḥ saha tadrāṣṭraṃ kṣiprameva vinaśyati) Ms.1.61.

2) The ruler of a kingdom, governor.

Derivable forms: rāṣṭrikaḥ (राष्ट्रिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāṣṭrika (राष्ट्रिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Bolonging to or inhabiting a country. f.

(-kā) A prickly sort of night-shade, (Solanum jacquini.) “kaṇṭakārī”. E. rāṣṭra a country, and ṭhan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāṣṭrika (राष्ट्रिक).—i. e. rāṣṭra + ika, adj. sbst. Inhabiting, or an inhabitant of, a realm, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 61.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rāṣṭrika (राष्ट्रिक).—[masculine] inhabitant (subject or ruler).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rāṣṭrikā (राष्ट्रिका):—[from rāṣṭraka > rāṣṭra] f. (ikā) a kind of solanum (= bṛhatī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Rāṣṭrika (राष्ट्रिक):—[from rāṣṭra] mfn. belonging to or inhabiting a kingdom, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] m. an inhabitant of a k°, subject, [Manu-smṛti x, 61]

4) [v.s. ...] the ruler of a k°, governor, [Harivaṃśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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