Ranaka, Raṇaka: 8 definitions


Ranaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Raṇaka (रणक):—Son of Kṣudraka (son of Prasenajit). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Suratha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.15)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Raṇaka (रणक).—Son of Kṣudraka, and father of Suratha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 15.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Raṇaka (रणक) is another name for Kokilākṣa, a medicinal plant identified with Astercantha longifolia Nees., a synonym of synonym of Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine from the Acanthaceae or “acanthus” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.191-193 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Raṇaka and Kokilākṣa, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rāṇaka.—(IE 8-2; EI 23, 30; CII 4; BL; HD), derived from Rājanaka, Rājānaka or Rājanyaka; a feudatory title; title of feudatory rulers and, later, of the nobility. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 321. (EI 9), explained as ‘the chief counsellor’. (EI 1), title of the great artist Śūlapāṇi described as Vārendraka-śilpi-goṣṭhī-cūḍāmaṇi. Note: rāṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Rāṇaka (राणक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on the Tantravārttika of Kumārila, by Someśvara Bhaṭṭa. Io. 277 (1. 2.). 2195 (only as far as 1, 3). Oxf. 219^a (fragments). Hall. p. 170. L. 1347 ([fragmentary]). Ben. 87-91. 101. 102. 107. 114. 122. 124. 126. 128. Bik. 552. Np. I, 2. 42. 44. 130. 132. 134 (all these fragments). Vii, 56. Burnell. 81^b. Oppert. 4044. 4243. 4931. Ii, 4700. 4874. 8850. Rice. 124. Bp. 65. 266.
—[commentary] Np. I, 44.
—[commentary] Rāṇokojjīvinī by Annambhaṭṭa. Burnell. 81^b (called here Sudhāsāra or Subodhinī). Oppert. 4045. 4244. Rice. 126.
—[commentary] Mitākṣarā by Gopāla Bhaṭṭa. Hall. p. 171.

Rāṇaka has the following synonyms: Nyāyasudhā, Vārttikayojanā, Sarvānavadyakāriṇī.

2) Rāṇaka (राणक):—poet. Śp. p. 78.

3) Rāṇaka (राणक):—a
—[commentary] on the Tantravārttika of Kumārila, by Someśvara Bhaṭṭa. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 45. Io. 277 (2, 2). 1030 (1, 3). 2195 (1, 3). Rgb. (inc.). 573. Stein 112.
—[commentary] Io. 1223 (? [fragmentary]).

Rāṇaka has the following synonyms: Nyāyasudhā.

4) Rāṇaka (राणक):—a C. on the Tantravārttika of Kumārila. As p. 74 (3 Mss., containing Adhy. 1-1, 1, 2 and Adhy. 2-1, 3, 4 and Adhy. 3, 2-4). Bd. 622 ([fragmentary]). Cs 3, 185 (3, 3). 187 ([fragmentary]). 188 (2, 1-3). 191 (1, 1. 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raṇaka (रणक):—[from ran] m. Name of a king, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Rāṇaka (राणक):—[from rāṇa] m. Name of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] of a [commentator or commentary] on the Tantra-vārttika (also called nyāya-sudhā or vārttika-yojanā or sarvānavadya-kāriṇī)

4) Rāṇāka (राणाक):—m. Name of a man, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

[Sanskrit to German]

Ranaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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