Ramana, Ramaṇa, Ramaṇā, Rāmaṇa, Ramanā: 27 definitions
Ramana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Ramna.
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Ramana (रमन).—A son born to the Vasu known as Soma of his wife Manoharā. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 22).
2) Ramaṇa (रमण).—(RAMAṆAKAM). An island near Dvārakā where, according to Chapter 38 of the Southern Text of Bhārata, there was a forest. It was in this island that Vinatā, mother of Garuḍa and Kadrū, mother of the nāgas lived. Garuḍa, after freeing his mother from her slavery evicted the nāgas from this island. (Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 17). Following the eviction, many of the prominent nāgas lived in Pātāla. But, Kāliya, in fear of Garuḍa, lived in Kālindī. After his suppression by Śrī Kṛṣṇa Kāliya, with his family, as advised by Kṛṣṇa returned to Ramaṇakam. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Ramaṇa (रमण).—A son of Dhara.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 24.
2) Ramaṇā (रमणा).—The Goddess enshrined at Rāmatīrtha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 40.
3) Rāmaṇa (रामण).—A son of Sāraṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 165.
Ramaṇa (रमण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.20) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ramaṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Ramaṇa (रमण) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa, according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as Ramaṇakhaṇḍa. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.
According to the Parākhyatantra, “beyond that is the landmass of Ramaṇa, of the same dimensions as the landmass of Ramya, where Ramaṇa was forcibly ravished by the foremost of the Gandharvas”.
In the middle of these nine regions (e.g., Ramaṇa) is situated the golden mountain named Meru which rises above the surface of the earth by 84,000 yojanas while it penetrates the circle of the earth to a depth of sixteen yojanas.
The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Ramaṇa (रमण) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., ramaṇa) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study
Ramaṇa (रमण) or Ramaṇagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Ramaṇa-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Kavyashastra (science of poetry)Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study
Ramaṇā (रमणा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) [defined as वं.इ.वं.वं] of the Vaṃśastha type as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—We find sixteen examples of Ramaṇā variety of Vaṃśastha metre in the Bhīṣmacarita. The example of it is verse XV.31. [...] The other examples are as follows: XVI.11, XVI.13, XVI.47, XVII.9, XVII.11, XVIII.10, XVIII.24, XVIII.27, XIX.12, XIX.18, XIX.34, XIX.45, XX.14, XX.24 and XX.29.
Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Ramaṇa (रमण) refers to “intercourse”, according to the Lalitāsahasranāma.—Lalitā’s thousand names are eulogized in the Lalitāsahasranāma, describing the goddess’s spiritual beauty on the analogy of physical, sensuous beauty. [...] The goddess enjoys love games (ramaṇī) (310). She delights in intercourse (ratipriyā) (316) and craves for it (ramaṇa-lampaṭā) (320). She is the Playful One (vilāsinī) (340), served by Kāma, the Lord of Love (kāmasevitā) (586). The goddess is the source of Kāmadeva’s power. She gave him his sugar cane bow and arrows. [...]
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The Pali name for the inhabitants of Ramanna. Cv.lxxvi.66.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I
Ramaṇa (रमण) refers to “sexual enjoyments” (or “sensual pleasures”) and represents one of the “thirteen difficulties”, according to the “Teraha kāṭhīyā-svādhyāya” by Jinaharṣa (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The exposition of the ‘thirteen difficulties’ against which one should fight as they are hindrances to proper religious practice is a widespread topic in Jain literature in Gujarati. They are either listed in brief compositions or described with several verses for each of the components. The list of terms is always the same, with a few variations in designations: [e.g., sexual enjoyments or sensual pleasures (ramaṇa), ...].—See ch. Krause 1999, p. 277 for the list as found in a Ratnasañcaya-granth stanza 118.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ramana : (nt.) enjoyment. || ramāna (pr.p. of ramati) delighting in; enjoying oneself.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ramaṇa, (adj.) (fr. ramati; cp. Sk. ramaṇa) pleasing, charming, delightful DhA. II, 202 (°ṭṭhāna). (Page 565)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ramaṇa (रमण).—n (S) Roaming or roving for pleasure; sporting, playing, delighting one's self. 2 Coition. 3 m A husband, lover, gallant, sweetheart.
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ramaṇā (रमणा).—m (ramaṇa) A pleasure-ground; a park; public gardens or a garden &c. 2 An enclosure for gathering Brahmans to receive dakṣiṇā. 3 The distribution there of dakṣiṇā.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ramaṇa (रमण).—n Sporting one's self. m A husband, lover.
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ramaṇā (रमणा).—m A pleasure-ground; a park. A large gathering, as of brāmhaṇa to a dinner.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ramaṇa (रमण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [रमयति-रम्-णिच् ल्यु ल्युट् वा (ramayati-ram-ṇic lyu lyuṭ vā)] Pleasing, gratifying, delightful, charming; नन्दनानि मुनीन्द्राणां रमणानि वनौकसाम् (nandanāni munīndrāṇāṃ ramaṇāni vanaukasām) Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.72; Bhāgavata 5.7.12.
-ṇaḥ 1 A lover, husband; प्रायेणैते रमणविरहेष्वङ्गनानां विनोदाः (prāyeṇaite ramaṇaviraheṣvaṅganānāṃ vinodāḥ) Me. 89,39; पप्रच्छ रामां रमणोऽभिलाषम् (papraccha rāmāṃ ramaṇo'bhilāṣam) R.14.27; Kumārasambhava 4. 21; Śiśupālavadha 9.6.
2) The god of love.
3) Name of Aruṇa.
4) An ass.
5) A testicle.
-ṇam 1 Sporting.
2) Dalliance, pastime, amorous sport.
3) Love, sexual union.
4) Joy or pleasure in general.
5) The hip and the loins.
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1) A wife, mistress.
2) A lovely woman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Ramaṇa (रमण).—nt., = next: Divyāvadāna 599.24 (prose).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Causing pleasure, pleasing, charming, delightful. n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Sporting, playing. 2. Dalliance, amorous sport. 3. Coition, copulation. 4. The mons veneris. 5. A sort of cucumber. 6. The hip and the loins. m.
(-ṇaḥ) 1. A name of Kama. or love. 2. A husband. 3. A lover, a gallant. 4. An ass. 5. A testicle. f. (ṇā or ṇī) 1. A woman, or an agreeable woman, a wife, a mistress, &c. 2. A kind of metre, having eleven syllables in the first and third, and twelve in the second and fourth Padas of every stanza. E. ram to sport, yuc or lya ṭa aff., fem. aff., ṭāp or ṅīṣ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ramaṇa (रमण).—i. e. ram + ana, I. adj. Delighting, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 7, 11. Ii. m. 1. A husband, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 85. 2. A lover, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 89; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 196; [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 60. 3. A name of Kāma. 4. An ass. Iii. f. ṇī, and ṇā, A wife, a mistress. Iv. n. 1. Sporting. 2. Dalliance, love, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 38. 3. Coition. 4. The mons veneris.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ramaṇa (रमण).—[feminine] ī = rama adj.
— [masculine] lover, husband; [feminine] ī mistress, wife, [Name] of a serpentmaid; [neuter] joy, pleasure, [especially] sensual pleasure, sexual intercourse.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ramaṇa (रमण):—[from ram] mf(ī)n. pleasing, charming, delightful, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] m. a lover, husband (cf. kṣapā-r), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] Kāma-deva, the god of love, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] an ass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a testicle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a tree similar to the Melia Bukayun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] = tinduka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of Aruṇa or the charioteer of the Sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] of a mythical son of Manoharā, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
10) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Pravara texts]
11) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people (cf. ramaṭha), [Mahābhārata]
12) Ramaṇā (रमणा):—[from ramaṇa > ram] f. a charming woman, wife, mistress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]
14) [v.s. ...] Name of Dākṣāyaṇī in Rāma-tīrtha, [Catalogue(s)]
15) Ramaṇa (रमण):—[from ram] n. pleasure, joy, [Subhāṣitāvali]
16) [v.s. ...] dalliance, amorous sport, sexual union, copulation, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Śukasaptati]
17) [v.s. ...] decoying (of deer), [Śiśupāla-vadha vi, 9] (cf. [Patañjali on Pāṇini 6-4, 24], [vArttika] 3)
18) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) gladdening, delighting, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
19) [v.s. ...] the hinder parts, pudenda (= jaghana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) [v.s. ...] the root of Trichosanthes Dioeca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
21) [v.s. ...] Name of a forest, [Harivaṃśa]
22) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Divyāvadāna]
23) Rāmaṇa (रामण):—[from rāma] m. Diospyros Embryopteris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] ramaṇa)
24) [v.s. ...] a tree resembling the Melia Bukayun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
25) Rāmaṇā (रामणा):—[from rāmaṇa > rāma] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio] vāmanā).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ramaṇa (रमण):—[(naḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Pleasing. m. Kāma; a husband; a lover; an ass. f. (ṇā-ṇī) A fine woman. n. A cucumber; coition; dalliance.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Ramaṇa (रमण) [Also spelled raman]:—(nm) sporting, amorous dalliance, erotic playfulness, merriment; (a) sportive, playful; as an adjectival suffix it means dear (to), as '[umāramaṇa]'.
2) Ramanā (रमना) [Also spelled ramna]:—(v) to enjoy, to make merry; to roam/rove, to wander about.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Ramaṇa (रमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ramaṇa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] that which pleases, loves, delights.
2) [noun] a pleasurable sport; amusement.
3) [noun] a man who loves; a lover; a beloved man.
4) [noun] a man as related to her wife; husband.
5) [noun] Manmata, the Love-God.
6) [noun] an ass.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+44): Ramanachina, Ramanacina, Ramanadike, Ramanagara, Ramanagari, Ramanagita, Ramanakadvipa, Ramanalampata, Ramanama, Ramanamalekhanavidhi, Ramanamalekhanodyapanavidhi, Ramanamamahatmya, Ramanamamahimollasa, Ramanamapaddhati, Ramanamashtottarashata, Ramanamavrata, Ramanami, Ramanamodyapana, Ramanand, Ramananda.
Ends with (+314): Abhikramana, Abhinishkramana, Abhiramana, Abhishyandiramana, Abhitvaramana, Abhramuramana, Abhyakramana, Abujiniramana, Adaramana, Adhikramana, Adhyakramana, Agajaramana, Aghorapramana, Aharamana, Aitihyapramana, Akamthapramana, Akaramana, Akramana, Akshapramana, Alpapramana.
Full-text (+87): Usharamana, Revatiramana, Ratiramana, Hidimbaramana, Pararamana, Urvashiramana, Dakshayiniramana, Uparamana, Abhishyandiramana, Lakshmiramana, Shravishtharamana, Radharamana, Rajaniramana, Rakaramana, Ramra, Viramana, Rohiniramana, Ramanavasati, Ramanapati, Radharamanadasa.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Ramana, Ramaṇa, Ramaṇā, Rāmaṇa, Ramanā, Rāmaṇā; (plurals include: Ramanas, Ramaṇas, Ramaṇās, Rāmaṇas, Ramanās, Rāmaṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Shankaracharya and Ramana Maharshi (study) (by Maithili Vitthal Joshi)
Book Reviews < [April – June, 2001]
Ramana Maharshi and his Sadhana of Silence < [January – March, 1986]
Kalidas < [October – December, 2003]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 1.10.38 < [Chapter 10 - Description of the Birth of Lord Balarāma]
Verse 2.3.16 < [Chapter 3 - Description of the Yamunā’s Arrival]
Verse 8.11.5 < [Chapter 11 - The King of Prayers to Lord Balarāma]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)